Birds of Indian Subcontinent

Reproductive Success and Nesting Habitat of Merriam's Wild Turkeys in Oregon

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1987
Authors:R. Lutz, S, CRAWFORD, JOHNA
Journal:The Journal of Wildlife Management
Date Published:1987
ISBN Number:0022541X
Keywords:Meleagris, Meleagris gallopavo, Phasianidae
Abstract:Reproductive success and nesting habitat were described for 25 Merriam's wild turkey (Meleagris gallopavo merriami) hens in northcentral Oregon during 1981-82. A higher proportion of adults than yearlings attempted to nest (75 vs. 25%) and were more successful (90 vs. 25%). Nests were located in five of 14 available cover types. Only Thinned, Mixed Conifer was used significantly more than it occurred. Thinned, Mixed Conifer stands contained 52% of the nests, of which 82% were successful. Two measurements of vegetative screening (shrub density and visual obstruction at 0.5 m) were significantly greater at sites used for nesting than at random sites. We recommend creating nesting habitat by thinning pole-size Douglas-fir (Pseudotsuga menziesii) stands and leaving slash in stands. Additionally, adult rather than yearling hens should be released in transplant operations.
Short Title:The Journal of Wildlife Management
Taxonomic name: 
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