The Part Played by Alternative Hosts in Maintaining the Tick Population of Hill Pastures

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1934
Authors:Macleod, J
Journal:Journal of Animal Ecology
Volume:3
Issue:2
Date Published:1934
ISBN Number:00218790
Keywords:Accipiter, Accipiter nisus, Accipitridae, Corvidae, Corvus, Corvus corone, Falco, Falco columbarius, Falconidae, Fringillidae, Spinus, Spinus spinus, Tyto, Tyto alba, Tytonidae
Abstract:1. The sheep tick, Ixodes ricinus, feeds on a very wide range of hosts other than the sheep. As shown in a previous paper, these include the horse, cattle, deer, hedgehog, dog, fox, cat, stoat, weasel, ferret, hare, rabbit, rat, squirrel, hoodie crow, jackdaw, golden plover, barn owl, grouse, kestrel and merlin hawk. Since then, it has been recorded from the siskin and sparrowhawk, (Thompson, 1934). 2. In a 10-acre area, from which sheep were excluded, a tick population of appreciable extent was maintained where the only available hosts were birds and hares, and ground vermin such as field mice, voles, weasels and stoats. 3. The effect of these alternative hosts on the population was allowed to operate over a period of eighteen months before the density of the population was estimated. 4. It would appear, therefore, that in the case of Ixodes ricinus, removal of the chief host (sheep) from a particular area for a number of years would not effect the eradication of the parasite from that area.
URL:http://www.jstor.org/stable/1140
Short Title:Journal of Animal Ecology
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