Birds of Indian Subcontinent

An Old World hummingbird from the Oligocene: a new fossil from Polish Carpathians

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2008
Authors:Bochenski, Z, Bocheński, Z
Journal:Journal of Ornithology
Date Published:2008
ISBN Number:2193-7192
Keywords:Apodidae, Apus, Apus apus, Germany, World
Abstract:A near-complete, partially articulated skeleton of a hummingbird was recently found in the menilite shales of the Polish Flysh Carpathians. The specimen is dated to the Early Oligocene (Rupelian, approx. 31 Myr). It shares derived characters with extant hummingbirds and plesiomorphic characters with swifts. Its long, thin beak and short and stout humerus and ulna are typical for hummingbirds, but the coracoid resembles that observed in swifts. The osteology of the specimen is generally similar to that of the hummingbird described from the Early Tertiary of Germany but because it clearly differs in some characters from the German hummingbird Eurotrochilus inexpectatus , it is described as a new species of the same genus.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith