Involvement of Histone H3 (Ser10) Phosphorylation in Chromosome Condensation Without Cdc2 Kinase and Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Activation in Pig Oocytes1

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2004
Authors:Bui, H-T, Yamaoka, E, Miyano, T
Journal:Biology of Reproduction
Volume:70
Issue:6
Date Published:2004
ISBN Number:0006-3363
Keywords:Fringillidae, Serinus, Serinus serinus
Abstract:Abstract When oocytes resume meiosis, chromosomes start to condense and Cdc2 kinase becomes activated. However, recent findings show that the chromosome condensation does not always correlate with the Cdc2 kinase activity in pig oocytes. The objectives of this study were to examine 1) the correlation between chromosome condensation and histone H3 phosphorylation at serine 10 (Ser10) during the meiotic maturation of pig oocytes and 2) the effects of protein phosphatase 1/2A (PP1/ PP2A) inhibitors on the chromosome condensation and the involvement of Cdc2 kinase, MAP kinase, and histone H3 kinase in this process. The phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10) was first detected in the clump of condensed chromosomes at the diakinesis stage and was maintained until metaphase II. The kinase assay showed that histone H3 kinase activity was low in oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage (GV) and increased at the diakinesis stage and that high activity was maintained until metaphase II. Treatment of GV-oocytes with okadaic acid (OA) or calyculin-A (CL-A), the PP1/PP2A inhibitors, induced rapid chromosome condensation with histone H3 (Ser10) phosphorylation after 2 h. Both histone H3 kinase and MAP kinase were activated in the treated oocytes, although Cdc2 kinase was not activated. In the oocytes treated with CL-A and the MEK inhibitor U0126, neither Cdc2 kinase nor MAP kinase were activated and no oocytes underwent germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), although histone H3 kinase was still activated and the chromosomes condensed with histone H3 (Ser10) phosphorylation. These results suggest that the phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10) occurs in condensed chromosomes during maturation in pig oocytes. Furthermore, the chromosome condensation is correlated with histone H3 kinase activity but not with Cdc2 kinase and MAP kinase activities.Abstract When oocytes resume meiosis, chromosomes start to condense and Cdc2 kinase becomes activated. However, recent findings show that the chromosome condensation does not always correlate with the Cdc2 kinase activity in pig oocytes. The objectives of this study were to examine 1) the correlation between chromosome condensation and histone H3 phosphorylation at serine 10 (Ser10) during the meiotic maturation of pig oocytes and 2) the effects of protein phosphatase 1/2A (PP1/ PP2A) inhibitors on the chromosome condensation and the involvement of Cdc2 kinase, MAP kinase, and histone H3 kinase in this process. The phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10) was first detected in the clump of condensed chromosomes at the diakinesis stage and was maintained until metaphase II. The kinase assay showed that histone H3 kinase activity was low in oocytes at the germinal vesicle stage (GV) and increased at the diakinesis stage and that high activity was maintained until metaphase II. Treatment of GV-oocytes with okadaic acid (OA) or calyculin-A (CL-A), the PP1/PP2A inhibitors, induced rapid chromosome condensation with histone H3 (Ser10) phosphorylation after 2 h. Both histone H3 kinase and MAP kinase were activated in the treated oocytes, although Cdc2 kinase was not activated. In the oocytes treated with CL-A and the MEK inhibitor U0126, neither Cdc2 kinase nor MAP kinase were activated and no oocytes underwent germinal vesicle breakdown (GVBD), although histone H3 kinase was still activated and the chromosomes condensed with histone H3 (Ser10) phosphorylation. These results suggest that the phosphorylation of histone H3 (Ser10) occurs in condensed chromosomes during maturation in pig oocytes. Furthermore, the chromosome condensation is correlated with histone H3 kinase activity but not with Cdc2 kinase and MAP kinase activities.
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1095/biolreprod.103.026070
Short Title:Biology of Reproduction
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