Involvement of 26S Proteasome in Oocyte Maturation of Goldfish Carassius auratus

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1997
Authors:Tokumoto, M, Horiguchi, R, Yamashita, M, Nagahama, Y, Tokumoto, T
Journal:Zoological Science
Volume:14
Issue:2
Date Published:1997
ISBN Number:0289-0003
Keywords:Fringillidae, Serinus, Serinus serinus
Abstract:Abstract Diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP), a serine protease inhibitor, inhibited the activity of 26S proteasome in goldfish oocytes and arrested the oocytes at two distinct stages of maturation. One was prior to the migration of germinal vesicle (GV) toward the animal pole, and the other was between the attachment of GV to the oocyte plasma membrane and GV breakdown (GVBD). The first DFP-sensitive period corresponded to the period during which the activity of proteasomes increased, but maturation-promoting factor (MPF) was still inactive. During the second DFP-sensitive period, MPF was abruptly activated, although the proteasome activity detectable in the oocyte cytosol extracted by ultracentrifugation reached the lowest level during this period. These results suggest the requirement of 26S proteasome for at least two stages of oocyte maturation, the early stage before GV migration and the later stage, including MPF activation immediately before GVBD.Abstract Diisopropyl fluorophosphate (DFP), a serine protease inhibitor, inhibited the activity of 26S proteasome in goldfish oocytes and arrested the oocytes at two distinct stages of maturation. One was prior to the migration of germinal vesicle (GV) toward the animal pole, and the other was between the attachment of GV to the oocyte plasma membrane and GV breakdown (GVBD). The first DFP-sensitive period corresponded to the period during which the activity of proteasomes increased, but maturation-promoting factor (MPF) was still inactive. During the second DFP-sensitive period, MPF was abruptly activated, although the proteasome activity detectable in the oocyte cytosol extracted by ultracentrifugation reached the lowest level during this period. These results suggest the requirement of 26S proteasome for at least two stages of oocyte maturation, the early stage before GV migration and the later stage, including MPF activation immediately before GVBD.
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.2108/zsj.14.347
Short Title:Zoological Science
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith