Birds of Indian Subcontinent

Genetic vs. morphological differentiation of Old World buzzards (genus Buteo, Accipitridae)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2004
Authors:Kruckenhauser, L, Haring, E, PINSKER, WILHELM, Riesing, MJ, Winkler, H, Wink, M, Gamauf, A
Journal:Zoologica Scripta
Date Published:2004
ISBN Number:1463-6409
Keywords:Accipitridae, Buteo, Buteo buteo
Abstract:Kruckenhauser, L., Haring, E., Pinsker, W., Riesing, M. J., Winkler, H., Wink, M. & Gamauf, A. (2004). Genetic vs. morphological differentiation of Old World buzzards (genus Buteo, Accipitridae). — Zoologica Scripta, 33, 197–211. Here, a comprehensive phylogenetic investigation of Old World buzzards of the buteo–vulpinus complex and related taxa using morphological and genetic markers is presented. The morphometric analysis proved useful to discriminate taxa. Nevertheless, phylogenetic relationships cannot be resolved with these characters. Sequence comparisons between the control region and the pseudo-control region revealed that the latter is the most variable section of the mitochondrial genome. Consequently it was used as a marker sequence. In the genetic analysis, almost no sequence variability was found among taxa comprising the buteo–vulpinus complex as well as Buteo rufinus and Buteo oreophilus, suggesting gene flow and/or incomplete lineage sorting. Thus, rapid morphological differentiation in adaptation to different environments was not accompanied by genetic differentiation of the mitochondrial genomes of these taxa. In contrast, the East Palearctic taxa are well differentiated genetically. The ‘superspecies’ concept and taxonomic consequences of our results are discussed.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith