Costs of Wintering Starlings and Red-Winged Blackbirds at Feedlots

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1968
Authors:Besser, JF, De Grazio, JW, Guarino, JL
Journal:The Journal of Wildlife Management
Date Published:1968
ISBN Number:0022541X
Keywords:Agelaius, Agelaius phoeniceus, Icteridae, Sturnidae, Sturnus, Sturnus vulgaris, Turdidae, Turdus, Turdus iliacus, Turdus maximus, Turdus merula
Abstract:The cost of cattle rations eaten by birds at feedlots near Denver, Colorado, during the wintering season was estimated to be about $84.00 per 1,000 starlings (Sturnus vulgaris) and $2.00 per 1,000 red-winged blackbirds (Agelaius phoeniceus).
Short Title:The Journal of Wildlife Management
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