AVIS-IBIS

Birds of Indian Subcontinent

Breeding success of a Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor population

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1994
Authors:Wiktander, U, Nilsson, SG, Olsson, O, STAGEN, ANDERS
Journal:Ibis
Volume:136
Issue:3
Date Published:1994
ISBN Number:1474-919X
Keywords:Dendrocopos, Dendrocopos minor, Dryobates, Dryobates minor, Mino, Picidae, Picoides, Picoides minor, Sweden, Xylocopus, Xylocopus minor
Abstract:We made intensive observations of 50 pairs of Lesser Spotted Woodpecker Dendrocopos minor in southern Sweden from 1989 to 1992. Between 7% and 22% of the pairs each year defended a territory but laid no eggs. Overall, 76% of the pairs laying eggs raised fledglings, but this proportion was only 33% in 1991 when the weather was cold and wet. The mean clutch size (5.9) and brood size (4.5) in successful nests did not vary significantly between years. Incubation time was 1 day longer in 1991 (11–12 days) than in 1990 and 1992 (10–11 days). Number of young fledged per nesting attempt (3.5) and per pair (2.7) in the population also varied significantly between years. The initiation of egg laying varied between years but coincided each year remarkably well with the date when oak came into leaf. Breeding success is discussed, and comparisons are made with other hole-nesting species.
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.1111/j.1474-919X.1994.tb01101.x
Short Title:Ibis
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