Breeding bird communities of broadleaved plantation and ancient pasture woodlands of the New Forest

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1992
Authors:Smith, KW, Burgess, DJ, Parks, RA
Journal:Bird Study
Volume:39
Date Published:1992
ISBN Number:0006-3657
Keywords:Coloeus, Coloeus monedula, Corvidae, Corvus, Corvus monedula, Cyanistes, Cyanistes caeruleus, Erithacus, Erithacus rubecula, Fringilla, Fringilla coelebs, Fringillidae, Merula, Muscicapidae, Paridae, Parus, Parus ater, Parus caeruleus, Parus major, Periparus, Periparus ater, Phoenicurus, Phoenicurus phoenicurus, Phylloscopidae, Phylloscopus, Phylloscopus trochilus, Trochilus, Turdidae, Turdus, Turdus maximus, Turdus merula, Turdus viscivorus
Abstract:To compare the breeding bird communities, counts were made at a total of 408 points in 482 ha of oak plantations and 641 ha of ancient pasture woodlands of the New Forest. Thirty-three species were recorded in each woodland type and the overall breeding bird density was similar in each, with Blue Tit and Chaffinch the most abundant species. Measurements at each point showed significant habitat differences between the 2 woodland types although there was much overlap and, particularly in the plantations, considerable variation in structure. The habitat variables were used to distinguish those points where the structure was typical of the plantations from those where the structure was more characteristic of the pasture woodlands. Seven species were more numerous in areas where the structure was typical of the plantations (Blue Tit, Chaffinch, Robin, Treecreeper, Coal Tit, Blackbird and Mistle Thrush) and three species (Great Tit, Willow Warbler and Jackdaw) were more numerous in typical pasture woodlands. Estimates of the volume of dead wood were made at each point but, with the possible exception of Redstart, no species were found to be strongly associated with this.To compare the breeding bird communities, counts were made at a total of 408 points in 482 ha of oak plantations and 641 ha of ancient pasture woodlands of the New Forest. Thirty-three species were recorded in each woodland type and the overall breeding bird density was similar in each, with Blue Tit and Chaffinch the most abundant species. Measurements at each point showed significant habitat differences between the 2 woodland types although there was much overlap and, particularly in the plantations, considerable variation in structure. The habitat variables were used to distinguish those points where the structure was typical of the plantations from those where the structure was more characteristic of the pasture woodlands. Seven species were more numerous in areas where the structure was typical of the plantations (Blue Tit, Chaffinch, Robin, Treecreeper, Coal Tit, Blackbird and Mistle Thrush) and three species (Great Tit, Willow Warbler and Jackdaw) were more numerous in typical pasture woodlands. Estimates of the volume of dead wood were made at each point but, with the possible exception of Redstart, no species were found to be strongly associated with this.
URL:http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/00063659209477110
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith