Birds of Indian Subcontinent

Additional Data on the Occurrence of the Plantaris Muscle in the Hawaiian Finches (Carduelinae: Drepanidini)

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2009
Authors:Olson, SL
Journal:The Wilson Journal of Ornithology
Date Published:2009
ISBN Number:15594491
Keywords:Carduelinae, Chlorodrepanis, Chlorodrepanis kauaiensis, Chlorodrepanis stejnegeri, Fringillidae, Hemignathus, Hemignathus kauaiensis, Hemignathus parvus, Loxops, Loxops coccineus, Loxops mana, Loxops parvus, Loxops stejnegeri, Magumma, Magumma parva, Magumma parvus, Manucerthia, Manucerthia mana, Oreomystis, Oreomystis mana, Paroreomyza, Viridonia, Viridonia kauaensis, Viridonia parva, Viridonia parvus, Viridonia stejnegeri
Abstract:New data are presented on the phylogenetically informative plantaris muscle in the Drepanidini. The primitive condition (presence) corroborates the basal placement of the creepers of the genera Oreomystis and Paroreomyza. The derived condition of the plantaris (absence) was found in the Hawaii Creeper (Loxops mana), previously considered by some to be congeneric with Oreomystis, and agrees with other evidence placing that species in Loxops. The Hawaii Akepa (L. coccineus), Anianiau (L. parvus), and Kauai Amakihi (L. stejnegeri) also lack the plantaris. This condition still appears to define a monophyletic group within the Drepanidini.
Short Title:The Wilson Journal of Ornithology
Taxonomic name: 
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith