AVIS-IBIS

Birds of Indian Subcontinent

Absence of Edge Effects on Nest Predation in the Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis in the Primeval Forest of Białowieża National Park, NE Poland

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:2008
Authors:Stański, T, Walankiewicz, W, Czeszczewik, D
Journal:Acta Ornithologica
Volume:43
Issue:1
Date Published:2008
ISBN Number:0001-6454
Keywords:Dendrocopos, Dendrocopos major, Ficedula, Ficedula albicollis, Muscicapa, Muscicapa albicollis, Muscicapidae, Picidae, Picoides, Picoides major, Poland
Abstract:Abstract. Nest predation is a major factor limiting breeding bird populations in primeval tree stands. Factors such as food limitation, availability of nesting sites or competition are not so important. Nest predation is usually more common along the edges of forests than in their interiors. The aim of this study was to determine how breeding losses in the secondary cavity-nester Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis that bred in natural holes varied with distance from the forest edge in primeval stands of the Bia?owie?a National Park (NE Poland). A comparison of the breeding losses along the edges and in the interiors revealed no statistical differences. The main nest predators were the forest species Apodemus flavicollis, Martes martes. and Dendrocopos major. It is better to keep forest tracts unfragmented, with a belt of bushes and thickets or woodland in an early successional stage along the edge. This would protect forest birds from predators living in open habitats.Abstract. Nest predation is a major factor limiting breeding bird populations in primeval tree stands. Factors such as food limitation, availability of nesting sites or competition are not so important. Nest predation is usually more common along the edges of forests than in their interiors. The aim of this study was to determine how breeding losses in the secondary cavity-nester Collared Flycatcher Ficedula albicollis that bred in natural holes varied with distance from the forest edge in primeval stands of the Bia?owie?a National Park (NE Poland). A comparison of the breeding losses along the edges and in the interiors revealed no statistical differences. The main nest predators were the forest species Apodemus flavicollis, Martes martes. and Dendrocopos major. It is better to keep forest tracts unfragmented, with a belt of bushes and thickets or woodland in an early successional stage along the edge. This would protect forest birds from predators living in open habitats.
URL:http://dx.doi.org/10.3161/000164508X345374
Short Title:Acta Ornithologica
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith