Red-headed Bullfinch - Pyrrhula erythrocephala


General Information


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Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch
Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala (Vigors, 1832)

Order : Passeriformes
Family : Fringillidae
Taxonomic Group : Passeriformes - Fringillidae ( Siskins, Crossbills and allies )
Vernacular Name : Lepcha (Sikkim): Kobyu



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Taxonomy



Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch
Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Order : Passeriformes Family : Fringillidae (Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies)
Range : Montane forests of n Pakistan, n India and se Tibet

This Species is Monotypic, No Subspecies


3rd Edition, 2003. Revised and Corrected per Corrigenda to December 31, 2006

Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch
Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala
SubFamily : Carduelinae


This Species is Monotypic, No Subspecies



IOC Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch
IOC Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala

Distribution :
Region : OR Range : Himalayas
Order : PASSERIFORMES Family : Fringillidae
Category : Finches



SYNOPIS NO : 2039

Scientific Name: Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Common Name: Redheaded Bullfinch



Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch
Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala (Vigors, 1832)
Birdlife Synonym :

BirdLife Redlist Status Year 2010: LC
BirdLife Species FactSheet for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

Taxonomy Treatment : R




IUCN Common Name (Eng) : Red-headed Bullfinch
Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala (Vigors, 1832)
IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

Species : erythrocephala
Genus : Pyrrhula
Family : Fringillidae Order : Passeriformes

IUCN RedList Status : LC

IUCN RedList Criteria Version : 3.1
IUCN RedList Year Assessed : 2008
IUCN RedList Petitioned : N



Family : FRINGILLIDAE

Scientific Name : Pyrrhula erythrocephala
Common Name : Red-headed Bullfinch



Bibliography


Bibliography of Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )
Number of Results found : 5

1. Krys Kazmierczak; Ber van Perlo , (2000), Red-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythrocephala), A FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRDS OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT; Yale University Press, : 300.


2. Salim Ali; S Dillon Ripley  , (1999), No. 2039. Redheaded Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythrocephala ) Vigors, Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, Volume 10 (Flowerpeckers to Buntings ): 211.


3. Carol Inskipp; Tim Inskipp; Richard Grimmett , (1999), Red-headed Bullfinch (Pyrrhula erythrocephala), HELM FIELD GUIDES - BIRDS of BHUTAN; A&C Black, : 180.


4. Wunderlich K; , (1992), Carpodacus rodochrous. Pyrrhula aurantiaca. Pyrrhula erythrocephala, Akademie Verlag Berlin, : .


5. Whymper SL; , (1910), Birds' nesting in Garhwal, Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 19:4: 990 - 991.



Book Excerpts



729. Pyrrhula erythrocephala, Vigors.

P. Z. S. 1831 - Gould, Cent. Him, Birds, pl. 32 - Birds of Asia, pt. IV. pl. 12 - Blyth, Cat. 667 - Horsf., Cat. 683.

The Red-headed Bull-finch.

Descr. - Malc, with the head dull crimson, continued round the sides of the neck, and more or less on the car-coverts ; a narrow band on the forehead, and round the base of the bill black, set off with whitish, passing into the red of the checks ; back, scapulars, and wing-coverts, dull reddish ashy; rump and upper tail-coverts pure white, the outermost feathers of the latter black; median coverts, wings, and tail, glossy black ; the greater coverts ashy, tipped with white ; chin whitish ; throat, breast, and upper part and sides of abdomen, the same red as the head, but somewhat paler, and tinged with orange ; lower part of abdomen pale greyish fawn, passing into white on the lower tail-coverts.

The female has the head and neck dull greenish yellow, the back browner than in the male, and the lower parts pale brown.

Bill black ; legs pale fleshy brown ; irides light brown. Length about 6 inches ; wing 3 1/8 ; tail 2 3/4.

This Bull-finch has much the form of the European bird, but the tad is slightly longer and more forked. It is found throughout the Himalayas, more common in the North-west, somewhat rare in the South-east. I procured it at Darjeeling, but it is rare there, and only a winter visitant; and Mr. Blyth had not previously seen
specimens from Sikim. At Mussooree, Hutton states it to be common in winter, feeding on the ground, as well as on berry bearing bushes, and it perches high on the top of trees.




746. Pyrrhula erythrocephala.

 

The Red-headed Bullfinch.

Pyrrhula erythrocephala, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 174; Gould, Cent. pl. 32; Blyth, Cat. p. 123; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 454 ; Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 389; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 59; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 64 ; Hume, Cat. no. 729; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 457.

Coloration. Male. A broad black band round the base of the bill, followed by a pale zone which is succeeded on the crown, nape, and hind neck by vermilion, and on the sides of the head, sides of the neck, throat, breast, and upper abdomen by paler red; back, scapulars, lesser and median wing-coverts ashy grey; rump white, with a narrow black bar between it and the lower back; greater wing-coverts black, broadly tipped with ashy grey; quills, upper tail-coverts, and tail black; lower abdomen pale ashy, passing to pure white on the under tail-coverts; under wing-coverts and axillaries white.

Female. A broad black band round the base of the bill, followed by a pale zone which is succeeded by yellowish green on the crown, nape, and hind neck, and by drab-brown on the entire lower plumage except the abdomen, under tail-coverts, axillaries, and under wing-coverts, which are white ; back, scapulars, lesser and median wing-coverts drab-brown ; greater coverts black, broadly tipped with drab-brown ; quills, upper tail-coverts, and tail black ; rump white.

The young males are at first like the female, and gradually assume the plumage of the adult male by a slow change of colour in the feathers.

Bill black; legs pale fleshy brown ; iris light brown (Jerdon).

Length about 5.5 ; tail 2.6; wing 3.1; tarsus .65 ; bill from gape .45.

Distribution. The Himalayas from Chamba and Southern Kashmir to Bhutan. Stoliczka states that this species breeds near Kotgarh between 6000 and 8000 feet, and Blanford met with it in Sikhim at 11,000 feet.





854. Pyrrhula erythroeephala, Vigors,

 

P. Z. S. 1831, p. 174; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 457 ; Gould, Cent. Him. B. pl. 32 ; id., B. Asia, pl. 35; Gray and Mitch., Gen B. ii., p. 387; Bp. Consp. Av. p. 525; Jerd. B. Ind. ii. p. 389. -.

The Red-headed Bullfinch.
 

Head dull crimson, continued round the sides of the neck and more or less on the ear coverts ; lores, feathers below the eye, eyelids, forepart of cheeks, chin and a narrow band on the forehead and round the base of the bill black, set off with whitish passing into the red of the hinder cheeks; back, scapulars and wing coverts dull reddish ashy; rump, upper tail coverts and tail purplish black, the outermost feathers of the latter black ; median coverts, .wings and tail glossy black; greater coverts ashy terminally and purplish black basally; lower throat ashy grey tinged with red ; sides of the neck and body, foreneck and breast pale vermilion ; abdomen ashy grey, white towards the vent and on the under tail coverts; thighs ashy grey; under tail-coverts white ; under wing coverts and" axillaries whitish, the latter more ashy and with a reddish tinge. Bill black ; legs pale fleshy brown.

Length. - 5.4 inches ; wing 3 to 3.2 inches; tail 2.4; tarsus 0.7 ; culmen 0.4.

The female has the head and neck dull greenish yellow, the back browner than in the male, and the lower parts pale brown.

Bill black ; legs pale fleshy brown; irides light brown.

Length.- 6 inches ; wing 3.1 to 3.2 ; tail 2.75.

Hab. - The Himalayas ; Jerdon says more common in the N. West, some­times rare in the S. East. He procured it at Darjeeling, where it is only a winter visitant. It has also been recorded from Sikkim and from Mussoorie, where, according to Blyth (Jerd.), it feeds on the ground, as well as on berry bearing bushes, and perches high on the top of trees. Kotegurh, Simla and Nepaul are other recorded localities.





(1044) Pyrrhula erythrocephala..

 

The Red-headed Bullfinch.

Pyrrhula erythrocephala Vigors, P.Z. S., 1831, p. 174 (Himalayas - Simla-Almora District,) ; Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 205.

Vernacular names. Kobyn (Lepcha).

Description. - Adult male. A broad ring of black round the base of the bill and a narrow ring round the eye; next this a narrow pale grey ring shading into deep orange or rufous vermilion on the head and neck; back, scapulars, lesser, median and terminal half of greater coverts grey; base of greater coverts and rest of wing, upper tail-coverts and tail glossy black ; on the chin the pale ring shades into paler, duller red on the sides of the head and neck, throat, breast and flanks ; this shades again into ashy-white on the lower abdomen; under wing-coverts, axillaries and under tail-coverts white.

Colours of soft parts. Iris brown or hazel; bill black; legs and feet pale flesh-colour or fleshy-brown.

Measurements. Total length about 140 mm.; wing 76 to 79 mm.; tail 60 to 64 mm.; tarsus 18 to 19 mm.; culmen 9 to 10 mm.

Female. Crown and neck yellowish green; under tail-coverts white, remainder of lower plumage drab or greyish brown, generally albescent on the centre of the abdomen and vent; wings, rump, tail and face black as in the male.

Young males are like the female but are suffused with yellow below, this yellow gradually deepening with age until the adult red breast is attained together with the deep rufous-vermilion head.

Distribution. Himalayas from Chamba and Southern Kashmir 1o Bhutan and the hills North of the Brahmaputra. Birds from Nepal eastwards appear to average darker than those from the Western Himalayas; the red of the head and breast is richer and deeper, whilst in the females the lower parts are browner and the green crown deeper and brighter. There is, however, so much individual variation and so much overlapping that I refrain from giving the Eastern form a name.

Nidification. Whymper found this Bullfinch breeding in some numbers in Kuman between 9,000 and 12,000 feet. The, nests are made externally of fine twigs, inside which is a thick layer of white beard-moss and then the true lining of coarse roots. The eggs number three or four and are a very pale blue, marked with blotches and specks of reddish-brown or purple-brown and with secondary marks of lavender-pink and pale grey. In a few eggs these are sparsely scattered everywhere but in most form a ring round about the larger end and are scarce elsewhere. They average about 20.8 x 14.7 mm.: maxima 22.4 x 15.0 and 21.2 x 15.2 mm.; minima 19.7 x 14.1 mm.

They are late breeders, all Whymper's eggs having been taken after the middle of August.

Habits. In Summer this Bullfinch frequents the higher ranges from 8,000 to 12,000 feet or higher, but in Winter it comes much lower. Whistler obtained it as low down as 5,000 feet at Dharmsala, whilst Stevens says it occurs as low as 3,600 feet (Dikchu-Singhik) in the interior valleys of Sikkim and down to 5,500 to 6.000 feet in the outer valleys. It associates in flocks of some size, feeding on berries and seeds and it appears to be especially fond of the seeds of the nettle. Like all our Indian Bullfinches it frequently descends to the ground to search for its food. They are tame, confiding birds and have very pleasant notes becoming a sweet song in the breeding-season. During the Summer they keep almost entirely to deep forest, preferably Pine, Cedar and Deodar.





Pyrrhula erythrocephala Vigors.

 

Pyrrhula erythrocephala Vigors, P. Z. S., 1830-31, p. 172, Mch. 2, 1832: Himalayas.





THE RED-HEADED BULLFINCH
Pyrrhula erythrocephala Vigors


Description:-
Length 5.5 inches. Male: A broad band of black round the base of the bill and extending round the eye; head and neck rich reddish-brown, paler on the throat and breast; back ash-grey ; rump white margined in front by a black band. The upper tail coverts and tail glossy black ; wings black with a band of greyish-brown ; abdomen greyish-white. In worn plumage the red of the head is tinged with yellow. Female : Similar to male, but the head and neck are yellowish-green and the lower parts brown or drab.

Iris light brown ; bill black ; legs pale fleshy-brown.

Field Identification:-
A low monosyllabic call note. The black wings and tail and white rump are characteristic of all bullfinches. The white rump especially catches the eye at once when the birds are in flight. The red head in the male and yellowish-green of the female are characteristic of this species.

Distribution:-
Himalayas from Kishtwar to Bhutan. In the breeding season this Bullfinch is found in silver fir, spruce, and deodar forests from 9000 to 12,000 feet where some birds remain throughout the year, while others in the autumn wander down to the valleys to about 6000 feet and occasionally as low as 3500 feet. It is common in winter in the vicinity of Simla, Naini Tal, Mussoorie and Darjeeling. Another species is the slightly larger Brown Bullfinch (P. nipalensis) ranging from Kangra to Bhutan at an elevation of from 6500 to 11,ooo feet in summer ; at other seasons between 5000 and 7000 feet. The general colour is ashy-brown with black wings, tail and rump ; this last has a white cross-band. The sexes are alike, except that in the male the outer edge of the innermost feather of the wing is crimson, while in the female it is yellow.

Habits, etc:-

In the non-breeding season this Bullfinch is found in small parties, not infrequently of one sex. Its food consists of seeds and fruits of trees, shrubs and herbaceous plants. Small parties may sometimes be seen feeding on the seeds of rank nettles on the hillsides. At the end of April or May the birds pair and at this season frequent willows, attracted by the catkins. It is very tame and utters a low musical whistle similar to the British bird.

The Red-headed Bullfinch is a late breeder and the eggs are laid as a rule in August. The nest is built on a branch of a tree some distance from the ground, and is the usual Bullfinch type ; thin twigs and moss, lined with fine roots.

The eggs vary from three to four in number, and resemble those of a Greenfinch more than the common Bullfinch. They are a dull grey-white with a faint tinge of green, marked with small specks and blotches of brown or red-brown, some almost dark grey.

The egg measures about o.8 by o.6 inches.




Museum Collections


Number of Museum Specimen Records Found : 19 for Pyrrhula erythrocephala

No. Museum Species Collection Deatils Collector Date of Collection Record Locality GBIF Portal Link
1Field MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaFMNH Birds 3837Specimeneast India Southern Asia Link
2Cornell University Museum of VertebratesPyrrhula erythrocephalaCU CUMV-Bird 185771899-03-10 00:00:00.0SpecimenChakrata Uttar Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
3Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.043512C. M. Inglis1905-08-09 00:00:00.0SpecimenPhalut Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
4Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.043511C. M. Inglis1905-08-14 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
5University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 81062Koelz, Walter N1933-01-02 00:00:00.0SpecimenBanjar Kulu Himachal Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
6University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 81063Koelz, Walter N1933-01-03 00:00:00.0SpecimenBanjar Kulu Himachal Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
7University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 81064Koelz, Walter N1933-01-04 00:00:00.0SpecimenBanjar Kulu Himachal Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
8University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 81065Koelz, Walter N1933-11-28 00:00:00.0SpecimenBathad Kulu Himachal Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
9University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 81066Koelz, Walter N1933-11-28 00:00:00.0SpecimenBathad Kulu Himachal Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
10University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 113818Fleming, Robert L1942-02-04 00:00:00.0SpecimenMussoorie, Top Tiba Uttar Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
11Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.023102R. Brocke1950-03-22 00:00:00.0SpecimenMussooree Dehra Dun District Uttar Pradesh State India Southern Asia Link
12University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 234479Fleming, Robert L1951-02-27 00:00:00.0SpecimenMussoorie Uttar Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
13University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyPyrrhula erythrocephalaUMMZ Bird 234480Fleming, Robert L1952-06-05 00:00:00.0SpecimenMussoorie, Dhodi Tal Uttar Pradesh India Southern Asia Link
14Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088119R. A. Paynter1958-07-19 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
15Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088123R. A. Paynter1958-07-19 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
16Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088120R. A. Paynter1958-07-21 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
17Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088121R. A. Paynter1958-07-21 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
18Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088124R. A. Paynter1958-07-21 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link
19Yale University Peabody MuseumPyrrhula erythrocephalaYPM ORN ORN.088122R. A. Paynter1958-07-22 00:00:00.0SpecimenSandakphu Peak Darjeeling District West Bengal State India Southern Asia Link

Biodiversity occurrence data provided by: (Accessed through GBIF Data Portal, 2009-08-06)


Data Providers
  • Cornell University Museum of Vertebrates ( 1 Records )

  • Field Museum ( 1 Records )

  • University of Michigan Museum of Zoology ( 8 Records )

  • Yale University Peabody Museum ( 9 Records )


Sound/Call


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Links



Avibase - The World Bird Database for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

BirdLife Species FactSheet for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

Biodiversity Heritage Library for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

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Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) CANADA for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

NCBI Molecular Data for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

Pubmed Literature for Red-headed Bullfinch ( Pyrrhula erythrocephala )

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Cite this website along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2014 Pyrrhula erythrocephala - Vigors, 1832 (Red-headed Bullfinch ) in Deomurari, A.N. (Compiler), 2010. AVIS-IBIS (Avian Information System - Indian BioDiversity Information System) v. 1.0. Foundation For Ecological Security, India retrieved on 08/29/2014
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