Red-fronted Rosefinch - Carpodacus puniceus


General Information


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Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch
Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus (Blyth, 1845)

Order : Passeriformes
Family : Fringillidae
Taxonomic Group : Passeriformes - Fringillidae ( Siskins, Crossbills and allies )


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Taxonomy



Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch
Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus
Order : Passeriformes Family : Fringillidae (Siskins, Crossbills, and Allies)
Number of SubSpecies : 5

Taxon CategorySub Species / RaceRange
subspeciesCarpodacus puniceus kilianensisMts. of Kyrgystan and Tajikistan to sw Xinjiang and ne Ladakh
subspeciesCarpodacus puniceus humiiW Himalayas (Pakistan to Kumaon)
subspeciesCarpodacus puniceus puniceusCentral Himalayas (Nepal to se Tibet)
subspeciesCarpodacus puniceus sikangensisSW China (Minya Konka to Mula region of extreme w Sichuan)
subspeciesCarpodacus puniceus longirostrisW China (e Qinghai to Gansu and nw Sichuan)



3rd Edition, 2003. Revised and Corrected per Corrigenda to December 31, 2006

Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch
Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus
SubFamily : Carduelinae

Number of SubSpecies : 5

Sub Species / Race
Carpodacus puniceus kilianensis
Carpodacus puniceus humii
Carpodacus puniceus puniceus
Carpodacus puniceus sikangensis
Carpodacus puniceus longirostris



IOC Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch
IOC Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus

Distribution :
Region : OR Range : Himalayas
Order : PASSERIFORMES Family : Fringillidae
Category : Finches



SYNOPIS NO : 2029-2031

Scientific Name: Carpodacus puniceus
Common Name: Redbreasted Rosefinch



Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch
Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus((Blyth, 1845))
Birdlife Synonym :

BirdLife Redlist Status Year 2010: LC
BirdLife Species FactSheet for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Taxonomy Treatment : R




IUCN Common Name (Eng) : Red-fronted Rosefinch
Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus (Blyth, 1845)
IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Species : puniceus
Genus : Carpodacus
Family : FringillidaeOrder : Passeriformes

IUCN RedList Status : LC

IUCN RedList Criteria Version : 3.1
IUCN RedList Year Assessed : 2008
IUCN RedList Petitioned : N



Family : FRINGILLIDAE

Scientific Name : Carpodacus puniceus
Common Name : Red-fronted Rosefinch



Bibliography


Bibliography of Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )
Number of Results found : 8

1. Krys Kazmierczak; Ber van Perlo , (2000), Red-fronted Rosefinch (Carpodacus puniceus), A FIELD GUIDE TO THE BIRDS OF THE INDIAN SUBCONTINENT; Yale University Press, : 306.


2. Salim Ali; S Dillon Ripley  , (1999), No. 2031. Redbreasted Rosefinch (Carpodacus puniceus puniceus) (Blyth), Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, Volume 10 (Flowerpeckers to Buntings ): 199.


3. Salim Ali; S Dillon Ripley  , (1999), No. 2030. Redbreasted Rosefinch (Carpodacus puniceus humii) (Sharpe), Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, Volume 10 (Flowerpeckers to Buntings ): 198.


4. Salim Ali; S Dillon Ripley  , (1999), No. 2029. Redbreasted Rosefinch (Carpodacus puniceus kilianensis ) Vaurie, Handbook of the Birds of India and Pakistan; Oxford University Press, New Delhi, Volume 10 (Flowerpeckers to Buntings ): 197.


5. Carol Inskipp; Tim Inskipp; Richard Grimmett , (1999), Red-fronted Rosefinch (Carpodacus puniceus), HELM FIELD GUIDES - BIRDS of BHUTAN; A&C Black, : 178.


6. Banin, D. A. , (1982), [The distribution of the Red-breasted Rose Finch Pyrrhospiza punicea and the Redstart P. phoenicurus in Tien-Shan.], Ornithologia, 17: 156 - 157.


7. Masatomi H; , (1975), Some observations on birds at high altitude lake sides in Gosainkund, Central Nepal, Journal of the Bombay Natural History Society, 72:1: 46 - 55.


8. Sharpe RB; , (1888), Catalogue of the birds in the collection of the British Museum - Fringillidae, British Museum of Natural History London, UK, :12: .



Book Excerpts



747.   Pyrrhospiza punicea, Hodgson.

J. A. S., XIII, 953 - Blyth, Cat. 656 - Horsf., Cat. 694 -  Propyrrhula rubeculoides, Hodgs., P. Z. S., 1845.

The Large red-breasted Finch.

Descr. - Male, above nearly uniform dusky brown, the feathers margined with paler ; forehead and rump, with the cheeks, ear- coverts, and under parts, except the abdominal region, roseate in winter, brightening to rich crimson in the breeding season, and varying to orange saffron; flanks and abdomen colored like the back.

Bill dark horny ; feet dusky black. Length 7 1/2 to 8 inches ; wing 4 1/2 to 4 3/4 ; tail 3 1/8.

The female is devoid of the red, having the forehead, cheeks, fore-neck, and breast, more or less fulvescent, each feather marked with a blackish mesial streak, widening at the tip; belly and lower tail-coverts, dingy brown.

This fine Pinch has hitherto only been found in the higher regions of the Himalayas, bordering the Snows. 1 did not procure it in Sikim. It is probable, however, that this and others of the cold-weather visitants to Nepal and other parts of the Himalayas, are to be met with In the interior of Sikim, towards the Snows, my researches having been limited to British Sikim.

5th. True Finches.

The next bird, though somewhat allied to the preceding, is sufficiently marked to warrant its generic separation.   It has been  classed as a true Fringilla, and as a Carduelis. Its colors approximate it to the Rose-finches as well as to the Gold-finches; and Blyth Indeed notes that " it is a true Fringilla, allied to the Goldfinches, with affinities for the Red-finches."




Pyrrhospiza punicea, Hodgs.
The Red - breasted Rose - Finch.


Pyrrhospiza punicea, Hodgs., Jerd. B. Ind. ii, p. 406; Hume, Cat. no. 747.

The late Dr. Stoliczka remarked that this Finch " comes only occasionally in winter to Koteghur and Simla, but is more common eastwards ; in summer it is found in Spiti and Ladak on elevations of 13,000 to 17,000 feet, searching after food at the camping - grounds. I found the nest, made of coarse grass, in Rupshu, near the Thsomoriri (lake) on the ground, in a little bush of the Tibetan furze; eggs dirty white or greenish, with some dark brown spots."




852. Pyrrhospiza punicea, Hodgson,

 

J. A. S. B. xiii., p. 953; Jerd., B. Ind. ii., p. 406, No. 747 ; Hume, Str. F. 1879, p. 108 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii. p. 431. Propyrrhula rubeculoides, Hodgs., P. Z. S. 1845, p. 36. Pyrrhospiza Humii, Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xii., p. 433. -

The Large Red-breasted Finch.
 

Upper surface of the body dark brown, the feathers centred with blackish ; rump bright rose colour ; wing coverts like the back, the lesser coverts washed with reddish; the median and greater series with reddish brown and edged with pale brown; primary coverts and quills dark brown, narrowly edged with ashy brown ; upper tail coverts light brown ; forehead crimson ; crown of the head like the back, the feathers with blackish centres; lores dusky, with crimson tips ; eyebrows crimson ; ear coverts dark brown, streaked with blackish centres; cheeks and feathers below the eye crimson, the feathers with silvery white tips ; throat, foreneck and breast crimson, with silvery white centres to the feathers; abdomen earthy brown, centred with black; sides of the breast and body, also the flanks, dark brown, with blackish centres to the feathers ; under tail coverts rosy, with dark brown centres; under wing coverts ashy brown, washed with rosy and centred with black. Bill dark homy ; feet dusky black; irides brown.

Length. - 7.5 to 8 inches ; wing 4.5 to 4.75 ; tail 3.1.

The female is fulvescent brown throughout, with the feathers mesially streaked with black ; wing coverts and quills dark brown, with paler edges ; eyebrow and feathers round the eve ochreous buff, streaked with black; ear coverts the same; cheeks and under surface of the body ochreous buff ; from the throat below, streaked and spotted with black.

Hab. - Himalayas, from Nepaul to Sikkim.





753. Pyrrhospiza punicea.

 

The Red-breasted Rose-Finch.

Pyrrhospiza punicea, Hodgs. Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiii, p. 953 (1844); Blyth, Cat. p. 121; Horsf. & M. Cat. ii, p. 461; Jerd. B. I. ii, p, 406; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 60 ; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 66; Hume, Cat. no. 747; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 431; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 152. ? Pyrrhospiza humii, Sharpe, Cat. B. M. xii, p. 433.

The Large Red-breasted Finch, Jerd.
 

Coloration. Male. The forehead and a broad but short supercilium crimson, each feather tipped with black or dusky; crown, nape, back, and scapulars black, each feather margined with light brown ; rump rosy red with dusky tips ; upper tail-coverts brown, with black shafts ; wing-coverts dark brown with pale brown margins, the lesser series washed with rosy; quills and tail dark brown, very narrowly margined paler; a streak behind the eye and the sides of the neck and of the body pale brown, streaked with dark brown; cheeks, ear-coverts, chin, throat, and breast crimson, most of the feathers with white terminal shaft-streaks; abdomen ashy brown, sparingly streaked with black; under tail-coverts brown, margined with pink.

Female. The whole upper plumage, wings and tail, sides of the head and neck dark brown, each feather margined with pale brown and those of the rump with dull greenish; lower plumage pale fulvous with narrow black streaks, the breast more or less suffused with buff.

Bill horny brown.

Length 7.5; tail 3.2 ; wing 4.4; tarsus .9 ; bill from gape .6.

Sharpe has separated as a subspecies, under the name of P. humii, a pale race of this bird with the red parts of the head and breast rosy, not crimson, and the brown of the back quite pale. The frontal band is also much broader, extending back as far as the middle of the eye. The female has the rump-feathers broadly margined with olive-yellow. In the British Museum there is a pair of these birds procured in Kansu; one bird from Tibet; another from the " Borenda Pass ; " and a fifth from Kotgarh. Altogether I am not satisfied that this race, as found in the Himalayas, is worthy of separation from P. punicea.

Distribution. The Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikhim, at elevations of from 10,000 to 17,000 feet, according to season, and extending into Tibet and Western China.

Habits, &c. Stoliczka found this Finch in Spiti and Ladak searching after food at the camping-grounds, and he also records the finding of a nest made of coarse grass and placed in a furze bush. The eggs were dirty white or greenish with some dark brown spots.





(1054) Pyrrhospiza punicea humii.

 

The Western Bed-breasted Rose-Finch.

Pyrrhospiza humii Sharpe, Cat. B. M., xii, p. 433 (1888) (N.W. Himalayas). Pyrrhospiza punicea. Blanf. & Oates, ii, p. 211 (part).

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description. Both sexes differ from the Eastern Bed-breasted Rose-Finch in being much paler in colour everywhere.

Colours of soft parts. " Iris hazel; bill light horny-brown, krwer mandible whitish; tarsus black " ( Whitehead).

Measurements the same as in the preceding race ; wing 102 to 115 mm.

Distribution. From Gilgit, throughout Kashmir to Simla States and Garhual.

Nidification. Whymper found this fine Finch breeding in Garhwal in the Nila Valley, but the nests ail had young. Later, Ward's collectors took two nests on the 7th June and 16th July at Chusal, Ladakh, each with two eggs. These are blue, or blue-green in ground-colour with a few spots of black about the larger end and measure about 25.0 x 17.2 mm. The nests were rather shallow cups of roots and coarse grass placed in scrubby thorn-bushes close to the ground. Stoliczka found it breeding in Rupshu, Ladakh, at about 14,000 feet and Whitehead found a nest being built on a ledge of rock at about 14,000 feet in the Khagan Valley.

Habits. This is a Finch of high elevations about which very little is known. In Summer it is found between 12,000 and 17,000 feet and in Winter between 9,000 and 12,000 feet. Stoliczka said that in Spiti and Ladakh it was observed "searching after food in the old camping grounds," presumably prospecting droppings for grain. Whitehead found it common between 12,000 and 14.000 feet in a " wild precipitous valley'" in the Khagan District, feeding largely on flowers and buds and the male singing short snatches of a soft, erratic, warbling song, Its call-note he remarks sounds like "are you quite ready."





(1053) Pyrrhospiza punicea punicea.

 

The red-Breasted Rose-Finch.

Pyrrhospiza punicea Hodgs., J. A. S. B , xiii, p. 953 (1844) (Nepal) ; Blanf. & Oates, ii, p 211 (part).

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description. - Adult male. Forehead and short, broad supercilium glistening crimson; rump rosy-red; remaining upper plumage, wing-coverts and tail dark brown, each feather edged with light brown and the lower wing-coverts washed with crimson ; lores and a streak through the eye brown, streaked with darker brown; cheeks, ear-coverts, chin, throat and upper breast, sometimes extending on to the lower breast and abdomen, crimson, most, of the feathers with white centres and brown bases ; abdomen and posterior flanks brown, streaked with blackish ; under tail-coverts brown, broadly edged with rosy-white.

Colours of soft parts. Iris brown; bill horny to dark brown; legs and feet brown, generally with a fleshy tinge.

Measurements. Total length about 190 to 210 mm.; wing 102 to 117 mm.; tail 74 to 83 mm ; tarsus 23 to 24 mm.; culmen about 14 to 15 mm.

Female. Whole head and upper plumage dark brown, each feather margined with pale yellowish brown, the edges to those on the rump being yellowish green; lower plumage pale dull fulvous streaked with dark brown and a little more buS on the breast.

Young birds are like the female but darker and without the green wash on the rump.

Distribution. Nepal, Sikkim; Chambi Valley, Tibet; S.E. Tibet and hills North of the Brahmaputra.

Nidification. Not known.

Habits. Very little recorded but probably similar to those of the much better-known race nest described.





Pyrrhospiza punicea humii Sharpe.

 

Pyrrhospiza humii Sharpe, Cat. Birds Brit. Mus., vol. xii, p. 433, 1888: N. W. Himalayas.





Pyrrhospiza punicea Blyth.

 

Pyrrhospiza punicea punicea Blyth.

 

Pyrrhospiza punicea Blyth, J. A. S. B., vol. xiii, p. 953, 1844 or 1845, ex Hodgs. MS : Himalayas.

Propyrrhula rubecoloides Blyth, J. A. S. B., vol. xv, p. 37, 1846.





Museum Collections


Number of Museum Specimen Records Found : 10 for Carpodacus puniceus

No.MuseumSpeciesCollection DeatilsCollectorDate of CollectionRecordLocalityGBIF Portal Link
1University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 81067Koelz, Walter N1933-07-10 00:00:00.0SpecimenZankskar, Lagong Kashmir India Southern AsiaLink
2University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 81068Koelz, Walter N1933-07-10 00:00:00.0SpecimenZankskar, Lagong Kashmir India Southern AsiaLink
3University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 81069Koelz, Walter N1933-07-22 00:00:00.0SpecimenJag Ladakh Kashmir India Southern AsiaLink
4University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 81070Koelz, Walter N1933-07-23 00:00:00.0SpecimenZankskar, Rangdum Kashmir India Southern AsiaLink
5University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 81071Koelz, Walter N1933-07-23 00:00:00.0SpecimenZankskar, Pensi La Kashmir India Southern AsiaLink
6University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 176288Koelz, Walter N1948-06-17 00:00:00.0SpecimenSumto, Rahlam Pass Kumaon [Uttar Pradesh] India Southern AsiaLink
7University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 176289Koelz, Walter N1948-06-17 00:00:00.0SpecimenSumto, Rahlam Pass Kumaon [Uttar Pradesh] India Southern AsiaLink
8University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 176290Koelz, Walter N1948-06-22 00:00:00.0SpecimenRahlam Kumaon Uttar Pradesh India Southern AsiaLink
9University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCarpodacus puniceus humiiUMMZ Bird 176291Koelz, Walter N1948-07-13 00:00:00.0SpecimenBedang Kumaon [Uttar Pradesh] India Southern AsiaLink
10Yale University Peabody MuseumCarpodacus puniceus puniceusYPM ORN ORN.016032T. Mattos1951-01-19 00:00:00.0Specimen Kumaon Uttar Pradesh State India Southern AsiaLink

Biodiversity occurrence data provided by: (Accessed through GBIF Data Portal, 2009-08-06)


Data Providers
  • University of Michigan Museum of Zoology ( 9 Records )

  • Yale University Peabody Museum ( 1 Records )


Sound/Call


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Links



Avibase - The World Bird Database for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

BirdLife Species FactSheet for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Biodiversity Heritage Library for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Discover Life Maps for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Entrez, The Life Sciences Search Engine for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

GBIF, Global Biodiversity Information Facility for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Google Images for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

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Google Websites for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS) CANADA for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

NCBI Molecular Data for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Pubmed Literature for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Catalogue of Life : Annual Checklist for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Tree Of Life for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

uBio Portal for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

uBio for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Wikipedia for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Xeno - Canto for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )

Zoonomen for Red-fronted Rosefinch ( Carpodacus puniceus )



Cite this website along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2014 Carpodacus puniceus - Blyth, 1845 (Red-fronted Rosefinch ) in Deomurari, A.N. (Compiler), 2010. AVIS-IBIS (Avian Information System - Indian BioDiversity Information System) v. 1.0. Foundation For Ecological Security, India retrieved on 09/02/2014
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