White-tailed Eagle - Haliaeetus albicilla


General Information


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Common Name : White-tailed Eagle
Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla (Linnaeus, 1758)

Order : Falconiformes
Family : Accipitridae
Taxonomic Group : Falconiformes - Accipitridae ( Hawks, Kites and Eagles )


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Taxonomy



Common Name : White-tailed Eagle
Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla
Order : Falconiformes Family : Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
Range : Locally in Palearctic, sw Greenland, w Iceland and w Alaska

This Species is Monotypic, No Subspecies


3rd Edition, 2003. Revised and Corrected per Corrigenda to December 31, 2006

Common Name : White-tailed Sea Eagle
Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla
SubFamily : Accipitrinae

Number of SubSpecies : 2

Sub Species / Race
Haliaeetus albicilla albicilla
Haliaeetus albicilla groenlandicus



IOC Common Name : White-tailed Eagle
IOC Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla

Distribution :
Region : EU Range : widespread
Order : ACCIPITRIFORMES Family : Accipitridae
Category : Kites, Hawks & Eagles
Note: Raptor families Cathartidae, Accipitridae, Sagittariidae, and Pandiondae are in the Order "Accipitriformes" because falcons (Falconidae) are separated as the Order Falconiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)


SYNOPIS NO : 172a

Scientific Name: Haliaeetus albicilla
Common Name: Whitetailed Eagle



Common Name : White-tailed Eagle
Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla ((Linnaeus, 1758))
Birdlife Synonym :

BirdLife Redlist Status Year 2010: LC
BirdLife Species FactSheet for White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla )

Taxonomy Treatment : R




IUCN Common Name (Eng) : White-tailed Eagle, Grey Sea Eagle
Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla (Linnaeus, 1758)
IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for White-tailed Eagle, Grey Sea Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla )

Species : albicilla
Genus : Haliaeetus
Family : Accipitridae Order : Falconiformes

IUCN RedList Status : LC

IUCN RedList Criteria Version : 3.1
IUCN RedList Year Assessed : 2008
IUCN RedList Petitioned : N



Family : ACCIPITRIDAE

Scientific Name : Haliaeetus albicilla
Common Name : White-tailed Eagle



Bibliography


Bibliography of White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla )
Number of Results found : 100

This is latest 100 Papers. To see Complete Bibliography of White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) Use Species Bibliography Module

1. Zucca M; , (2009 ), [Scarce migrant birds in France in 2006], Ornithos, 16:1: 2 - 49.


2. Zaun BJ; , (2009 ), First modern record of the White-tailed Eagle in Hawaii, Western Birds, 40:1: 35 - 38.


3. Krone O;Berger A;Schulte R; , (2009 ), Recording movement and activity pattern of a Whtie-tailed Sea Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) by a GPS datalogger, , : 273.


4. Johnson JA;Tingay RE;Culver M;Hailer F;Clarke ML;Mindell DP; , (2009 ), Long-term survival despite low genetic diversity in the critically endangered Madagascar Fish-eagle, Molecular Ecology, 18:1: 54 - 63.


5. Evans RJ;Wilson JD;Amar A;Douse A;Maclennan A;Ratcliffe N;Whitfield DP; , (2009 ), Growth and demography of a re-introduced population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla, Ibis, 151:2: 244 - 254.


6. RICHARD J. EVANS, JEREMY D. WILSON, ARJUN AMAR, ANDREW DOUSE, ALISON MACLENNAN, NORMAN RATCLIFFE, D. PHILIP WHITFIELD , (2009), Growth and demography of a re-introduced population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla, Ibis, 151:2: 244 - 254.


7. Whitfield DP;Duffy K;McLeod DRA;Evans RJ;MacLennan AM;Reid R;Sexton D;Wilson JD;Douse A; , (2009), Juvenile Dispersal of White-Tailed Eagles in Western Scotland, Journal of Raptor Research, 43:2: 110 - 120.


8. Whitfield DP;Douse A;Evans RJ;Grant J;Love J;McLeod DRA;Reid R;Wilson JD; , (2009), Natal and breeding dispersal in a reintroduced population of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla, Bird Study, 56:2: 177 - 186.


9. Popov VV; , (2008 ), [Winter record of the White-tailed Eagle in the Irkutsk District], Raptors Conservation, 13: 88.


10. Kuznetsov AV;Babushkin MV; , (2008 ), [Distribution and number of the White-tailed Eagle in the Vologodskoe Poozerie and southeast Prionezhie regions], , : 13.


11. Karyakin IV;Pazhenkov AS; , (2008 ), [The White-tailed Eagle in the Samara District, Russia], Raptors Conservation, : .


12. Izzard M;Izzard L;Yeoman J; , (2008 ), White-tailed Eagles catching Greylag Goose, British Birds, 101:6: 326.


13. Isakov GN;Yakovlev VA; , (2008 ), [White-tailed Eagle in the Republic of Chuvashia, Russia], Raptors Conservation, 13: 28 - 30.


14. Holling M;Rare Breeding Birds P; , (2008 ), Rare breeding birds in the United Kingdom in 2005, British Birds, 121:6: 276 - 316.


15. Helander B;Bignert A;Asplund L; , (2008 ), Using raptors as environmental sentinels: monitoring the White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in Sweden, Ambio, 37:6: 425 - 431.


16. Hailer F;Helander B;Folkestad AO;Ganusevich S;Garstad S;Hauff P;Koren C;Masterov VB;Nyg rd T;Rudnick J;Shiraki A;Skarphedinsson K;Volke V;Wille F;Vil C; , (2008 ), Phylogeography of the White-tailed Eagle, a generalist with large dispersal capacity, Journal of Biogeography, 34:7: 1193 - 1206.


17. Gjershaug JO;K l s JA;Nyg rd T;Hertzke D;Folkestad AO; , (2008 ), Monitoring of raptors and their contamination levels in Norway, Ambio, 37:6: 420 - 424.


18. Fasungova L;Literak I;Sycha O;Novotny L;Grymova V;Kubicek O;Smid B;Kulich P; , (2008 ), Pinching off syndrome in two White-tailed Sea Eagles ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) in the Czech Republic, Journal of Raptor Research, 42:1: 65 - 66.


19. Elliot B;Thomson I;Ashworth E; , (2008 ), Help stop the killing now, Scottish Bird News, 90: 10 - 11.


20. de Roder FE;Bijlsma RG; , (2008 ), [Third breeding case of White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in The Netherlands], De Takkeling, 16:1: 188 - 198.


21. de Roder F;Bijlsma RG;Klomp J; , (2008 ), [Second breeding case of White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in The Netherlands], De Takkeling, 16:2: 100 - 123.


22. Carter I;Newbery P;Grice P;Hughes J; , (2008 ), The role of reintroductions in conserving British birds, British Birds, 101:1: 2 - 25.


23. Bijlsma RG;Zoun P; , (2008 ), [Raptor persecution in The Netherlands in 2007], De Takkeling, 16:1: 56 - 64.


24. Bevanger J;Clauesen S;Dahl EL;Flagstad O;Follestad A;Gjershaug JO;Halley D;Hanssen F;Hoel PL;Jacobsen KO;Johnsen L;May R;Nyg rd T;Pedersen HC;Reitan O;Steinheim Y;Vang R; , (2008 ), Pre- and post-construction studies of conflicts between birds and wind turbines in coastal Norway. Progress report 2008, Trondheim, Norway Norwegian Institute for Nature Research, : 1 - 55.


25. Bekmansurov RH; , (2008 ), [The birds of prey in the NP 'Nizhnyaya Kama'], Raptors Conservation, 13: 41 - 47.


26. Balmer D;Betton K; , (2008 ), Around the region, Sandgrouse, 30:2: 214 - 224.


27. Bakka SV;Kiseleva NY; , (2008 ), [The White-tailed Eagle in the N. Novgorod District, Russia], Raptors Conservation, 13: 21 - 27.


28. Sulawa J;ppen K;Hauff P;Krone O; , (2008 ), [The influence of lead poisoning on the population dynamics of the White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) in ; German y], Bleivergiftungen bei Seeadlern: Ursachen und L sungsans tze: Anforderungen an bleifreie B chsengeschosse [Lead poisoning in sea eagles: causes and approaches -- requirements for lead-free rifle bullets] Berlin Leibniz-Instit t f r Zoo- und Wildtierforschuçä´ç, : 58.


29. Scholz F;Krone O; , (2008 ), [Land use and habitat choice of White-tailed Eagles ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) in ; German y], Bleivergiftungen bei Seeadlern: Ursachen und L sungsans tze: Anforderungen an bleifreie B chsengeschosse [Lead poisoning in sea eagles: causes and approaches -- requirements for lead-free rifle bullets] Berlin Leibniz-Instit t f r Zoo- und Wildtierforschuçä´ç, : .


30. Nadjafzadeh M;Krone O; , (2008 ), [Nahrungsspektrum und Fressverhalten des Seeadlers ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) in Norddeutschland], Bleivergiftungen bei Seeadlern: Ursachen und L sungsans tze: Anforderungen an bleifreie B chsengeschosse [Lead poisoning in sea eagles: causes and approaches -- requirements for lead-free rifle bullets] Berlin Leibniz-Instit t f r Zoo- und Wildtierforschuçä´ç, : 31.


31. Lehikoinen A;Christensen TK;st M;Kilpi M;Saurola P;Vattulainen A; , (2008), Large-scale change in the sex ratio of a declining eider Somateria mollissima population, Wildlife Biology, 14:3: 288 - 301.


32. Ravn Merke F;Mosbech A; , (2008), Diurnal and Nocturnal Feeding Strategies in Common Eiders, Waterbirds, 31:4: 580 - 586.


33. Fasungova L;Literak I;Sychra O;Novotny L;Grymova V;Kubicek O;Smid B;Kulich P; , (2008), Pinching Off Syndrome in Two White-Tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in the Czech Republic, Journal of Raptor Research, 42:1: 65 - 66.


34. Yalden DW; , (2007 ), The older history of the White-tailed Eagle in Britain, British Birds, 100:8: 471 - 480.


35. Struwe-Juhl B;Gr nkorn T; , (2007 ), [Results of colour ringing White-tailed Sea Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla in Schleswig-Holstein: site fidelity, movements, dispersal, age of first breeding, age structure and breeding of siblings], Vogelwarte, 128:3: 117.


36. Smith C; , (2007 ), White-tailed Eagles return to eastern Scotland, Scottish Bird News, 86: 12.


37. Mitropolskiy MG;Kashkarov RD; , (2007 ), Winter observations of the Greater Spotted Eagle and White-tailed Eagle in southern Tashkent District, Uzbekistan, Raptors Conservaton, 8: 78.


38. Mason P; , (2007 ), The older history of the White-tailed Eagle in Britain, British Birds, 100:12: 758.


39. Jeromin K;Koop B;Verndt RK;nther G;Mitchke A; , (2007 ), [Ornithological report for Schleswig-Holstein 2002], Corax, 20:4: 389 - 431.


40. Horv th Z; , (2007 ), Further observations on Common Buzzard ( Buteo buteo ) chick found in a White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) nest, Aquila, 113: 179 - 180.


41. Hauff P; , (2007 ), [Seeadler besiedeln die Niederlande], Falke, 54:3: 104 - 107.


42. Hauff P;Mizera T;Chavko J;Danko S;Ehmsen E;Hudec C;Probst R;Vera F; , (2007 ), [Verbreitung und Dichte des Seeadlers Haliaeetus albicilla in sieben L ndern MItteleuropas], Vogelwarte, 45:4: 376 - 380.


43. Goriup P;Baboianu G;Chernichko J; , (2007 ), The Danube Delta: Europe's remarkable wetland, British Birds, 100:4: 194 - 213.


44. Foggitt G;Foggitt A; , (2007 ), White-tailed Eagle catching Eurasian Teal in flight, British Birds, 100:10: 824.


45. Dementavicius D; , (2007 ), White-tailed Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) in Lithuania: population numbers and trends 1900-2007, Acta Zoologica Lituanica, 17: 281 - 285.


46. de Haan P; , (2007 ), [White-tailed Eagles in the border zone of Groningen and Drenthe], De Takkeling, 15:1: 85 - 86.


47. Buczek T;Keller M;Rozycki AL; , (2007 ), [Breeding birds of prey Falconiformes in the Lasy Parczewskie Forest: fluctuations in numbers and changes in distribution in the spans of 1991-1993 and 2002-2004], Notatki Ornitologiczne, 48:4: 217 - 231.


48. bor G; , (2007 ), [Effects of the 200th flood prevention inundation measures on the birdlife of the southern and western parts of Hortobagy], Aquila, 113: 21 - 38.


49. Bijlsma RG; , (2007 ), [Trends and breeding performance of raptors in The Netherlands in 2006], De Takkeling, 15:1: 7 - 38.


50. Bijlsma RG; , (2007 ), [Behaviour of adult White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicills towards mobbing raptors], De Takkeling, 15:3: 206 - 209.


51. Berndt RK; , (2007 ), [The breeding birds of Schleswig-Holstein 1800-2000 -- development, present situation and perspectives], Corax, 20:4: 325 - 387.


52. Balmer D;Betton K; , (2007 ), Around the region, Sandgrouse, 29:2: 122 - 128.


53. Anon; , (2007 ), White-tailed Eagles arrive, Wings, 46: 15.


54. Ma lK;Altenkamp R;Brunnberg L;a ungovA L;Freymann H;FrA lich K;Kollmann R;Krone O;LiterA-k I;Mizera T;Sa mmer P;Schettler E; , (2007), Pinching Off Syndrome In Free-ranging White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus Albicilla) In Europe: Frequency And Geographic Distribution Of A Generalized Feather Abnormality, Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 21:2: 103 - 109.


55. Ma lK;Altenkamp R;Brunnberg L; , (2007), Morbidity of Free-ranging White-tailed Sea Eagles (Haliaeetus albicilla) in Germany, Journal of Avian Medicine and Surgery, 21:4: 265 - 274.


56. Kreuzberg-Mukhina E; Lanovenko Y , (2007), The ornithological regime in the Sudochie wetland, Uzbekistan., Sandgrouse, 29: 149 - 166.


57. Goriup P; Baboianu G; Chernichko J , (2007), The Danube Delta: Europe's remarkable wetland., British Birds, 100: 194 - 213.


58. van Lent T; , (2006 ), [White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla kleptoparasitizing Osprey Pandion haliaetus ], De Takkeling, 14:3: 206.


59. Svetlakov AN; , (2006 ), White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in southern Pribolonie, Russian Journal of Ornithology, 15:334: 998.


60. Semago LL; , (2006 ), Migrations and wintering of the Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos and White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in Upper Pridonie, Russian Journal of Ornithology, 15:332: .


61. Pitches A; , (2006 ), Reintroduction of White-tailed Eagle to England, British Birds, 99:3: 165.


62. Pitches A; , (2006 ), Windfarms and White-tailed Eagles, British Birds, 99:3: 165.


63. Pestov MV; , (2006 ), Breeding of the White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla on the pylons of electric transmission lines in the Astrakhan region, Russian Journal of Ornithology, 15:310: 173.


64. Korepov MV; , (2006 ), [New records of breeding of the Booted Eagle and the White-tailed Eagle in the natural boundary 'Schuchy Gory,' Russia], , : 67.


65. Koppen U; , (2006 ), [Ringing and colour-marking of White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla in eastern ; German y -- results, experiences and new tasks], , : 117.


66. Hauff P;Mizera T; , (2006 ), [Distribution and density of White-tailed Sea Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla in ; German y and Poland: a current atlas-map], Vogelwarte, 44:2: 134 - 136.


67. Hailer F;Helander B;Folkestad AO;Ganusevich SA;Garstad S;Hauff P;Koren C;Nyg rd T;Volke V;Vil C;Ellegren H; , (2006 ), Bottlenecked but long-lived: high genetic diversity retained in White-tailed Eagles upon recovery from population decline, Biology Letters, 2: 316 - 319.


68. de Roder FE;Bijlsma RG; , (2006 ), [First breeding of White-tailed Eagle Hieraaetus albicilla in The Netherlands], De Takkeling, 14:3: 209 - 231.


69. ck Fn;Frey H; , (2006 ), [Eagles and vultures: lead poisoning as a cause of death], Falke, 53:7: 208 - 213.


70. Chen CSC; , (2006 ), Spring raptor migration survey at GuanYinShan 2002-2005, in Abstracts of the 3rd Symposium on Ecology of Raptors in Taiwan, Taipei, Taiwan, Raptor Research of Taiwan, 6: 41 - 43.


71. Bjilsma RG;van den Berg A; , (2006 ), [Feather abnormalities in nesting raptors], De Takkeling, 14:3: 194 - 198.


72. Berezovikov NN; , (2006 ), The White-tailed Eagle Haliaetus albicilla at the sites of autumn concentration of waterfowl on the lakes of northern Kazakhstan, Russian Journal of Ornithology, 15:335: 1028 - 1030.


73. Voronina TV;Kurochkin EN; , (2006 ), [The time budget of the Steller's Sea Eagle and White-tailed Eagle in the captive keeping of Moscow Zoo], Ornithological studies in Northern Eurasia. Abstracts of XII International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia Stavropol Stavropol University Press;, : 122.


74. Stjernberg T;Koivusaari J;Hogmander J;Ollila T;Ekblom H;Koskmies P;Lapshin NV; , (2006 ), Population trends and breeding success of the White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla in Finland, 1970-2005, Status of raptor populations in eastern Fennoscandia: Proceedings of the Workshop, Kostomuksha, Russia, November 8-10, 2005 Petrozavodsk, Russia Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science and Finnish-Russia Working Group on Nature Conservaçä´ç, : 151.


75. Mnatsekanov RA;Kurochkin EN; , (2006 ), [The changes in the breeding range of White-tailed Eagle in the north-western Caucasia], Ornithological studies in Northern Eurasia. Abstracts of XII International Ornithological Conference of Northern Eurasia Stavropol Stavropol University Press;, : 366.


76. Kuznetsov AV;Babushkin MV;Koskmies P;Lapshin NV; , (2006 ), The White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and the Osprey Pandion haliaetus in the Vologda Lake District and southeastern Onego area, Status of raptor populations in eastern Fennoscandia: Proceedings of the Workshop, Kostomuksha, Russia, November 8-10, 2005 Petrozavodsk, Russia Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science and Finnish-Russia Working Group on Nature Conservaçä´ç, : 80.


77. Koryakin AS;Boyko NS;Koskmies P;Lapshin NV; , (2006 ), The White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and the Common Eider Somateria mollissima in the Gulf of Kandalaksha, White Sea, Status of raptor populations in eastern Fennoscandia: Proceedings of the Workshop, Kostomuksha, Russia, November 8-10, 2005 Petrozavodsk, Russia Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science and Finnish-Russia Working Group on Nature Conservaçä´ç, : 49.


78. Gilyazov AS;Koskmies P;Lapshin NV; , (2006 ), Population of diurnal raptors (Falconiformes) in the Lapland Nature Reserve and adjacent areas: dynamics in 1930-2005, Status of raptor populations in eastern Fennoscandia: Proceedings of the Workshop, Kostomuksha, Russia, November 8-10, 2005 Petrozavodsk, Russia Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science and Finnish-Russia Working Group on Nature Conservaçä´ç, : 37 - 43.


79. Babushkin MV;Koskmies P;Lapshin NV; , (2006 ), Species diversity, population and ecology of raptors on the northeastern shore of the Rybinsk Reservoir, Status of raptor populations in eastern Fennoscandia: Proceedings of the Workshop, Kostomuksha, Russia, November 8-10, 2005 Petrozavodsk, Russia Karelian Research Centre of the Russian Academy of Science and Finnish-Russia Working Group on Nature Conservaçä´ç, : 10 - 22.


80. Wallace DIM; Bradshaw C; Rogers MJ , (2006), A review of the 1950-57 British rarities., British Birds, 99: 460 - 464.


81. Craig Robson , (2005), White-tailed Eagle (Haliaeetus albicilla), BIRDS OF SOUTH-EAST ASIA; New Holland Publishers Ltd, : 57.


82. Zhimulev IF; , (2005 ), Interesting notes on the birds of prey near Novosibirsk, Raptors Conservation, 3: 67 - 68.


83. Pestov MV;Novgorod N; , (2005 ), Nesting of the White-tailed Eagle on powerlines in the Astrahan district, Russia, Raptors Conservation, 3: 65.


84. Marzano G; , (2005 ), Presenza invernale di aquila di mare Haliaeetus albicilla nel Salento (Puglia), Avocetta, 29:1: 46.


85. Machac K; , (2005 ), [The White-tailed Eagle ( Jaliaeetus albicilla ) in the Tachov District], Otus, 3: .


86. Lin FT; , (2005 ), [Observations of a White-tailed Sea Eagle ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) at TsuiFeng Lake, Ilan, from 2002 to 2005], Raptor Research of Taiwan, : - 45.


87. Kuznetsov AV; , (2005 ), Behaviour of the White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla and corvids in conditions of spring food shortage in Darwin Nature Reserve, , : 646.


88. Jakubiec Z;Peterson U; , (2005 ), Relationships between White-tailed Eagles ( Haliaeetus albicilla ) and White Stork ( Ciconia ciconia ), Buteo, 14: 51 - 52.


89. Horvath Z;Pint r T; , (2005 ), [Nest site selection of Hungarian White-tailed Eagles Haliaeetus albicilla according to a survey made in 2000], Aquila, 112: 23 - 32.


90. Hailer F;Gautschi B;Helander B; , (2005 ), Development and multiplex PCR amplification of novel microsatellite markers in the White-tailed Sea Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla (Aves: Falconiformes, Acciptridae), Molecular Ecology Notes, 5: 938 - 940.


91. Gwiazdowicz DJ;Bloszyk J;Mizera T;Tryjanowski P; , (2005 ), Mesostigmatic mites (Acari: Mesostigmata) in White-tailed Sea Eagle nests, Journal of Raptor Research, 39:1: 60 - 65.


92. Grubac BR; , (2005 ), Artifical feeding places and the conservation of vultures and other scavenging birds in Serbia, Vulture News, 51: 10 - 24.


93. Grell MB;Heldbjerg H;Rasmussen B;Stabell M;Tofft J;Vikstrom T; , (2005 ), [Rare and threatened breeding birds in Denmark, status 1998-2003], Dansk Ornitologisk Forenings Tidsskrift, 98:2: 45 - 100.


94. Golovatin MG;Paskhalny SP; , (2005 ), [Distribution, number and ecology of White-tailed Eagle in the north of west Siberia], Berkut, 14:1: 59 - 70.


95. Gavrilyuk MN;Grishchenko VN;Yablonovska-Grischtschenko ED; , (2005 ), [New data about rare and insufficiently known birds of central Ukraine], Berkut, 14:1: 28 - 37.


96. Dittberner W; , (2005 ), [Summer observations on the Curonian Spit in Lithunia], Ornithologische Mitteilungen, 57:7-8: 276 - 280.


97. de Roder FE; , (2005 ), [Immature White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla snatches prey from Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis ], De Takkeling, 13:1: 80 - 81.


98. de Jonge M; , (2005 ), [Observations on White-tailed Eagles Haliaetus albicilla wintering in the Oostvaardersplassen in 2004], De Takkeling, 13:2: 107 - 111.


99. de Jonge M; , (2005 ), [White-tailed Eagle Haliaeetus albicilla pair summering in the Oostvaardersplassen], De Takkeling, 13:3: 172 - 173.


100. Boschert M; , (2005 ), [Occurence and population trends of rare and scarce breeding birds in ; German y 1997-2003], V gelwelt, 126:1: 1 - 51.



Book Excerpts



Haliaetus albicilla, Lin.

 

42bis. :- Murray's- Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 83; Hume's Scrap Book, p. 253.

The European White-tailed Sea Eagle.

Length, 36 ; expanse, 72 ; wing 24; tail, 11.5 ; tarsus, 4.

Length, 40; expanse, 80 ; wing, 27.5 ; tail, 12; tarsus, 4.5.

Male. :- The cere and bill are pale yellow ; the irides bright yellow; the tarsi and toes gamboge; the claws black with a tinge of greyish-blue ; the plumage of the head, neck, forepart of the back and breast, with the upper wing-coverts greyish-yellow; the feathers all greyish-brown at the base, of the other parts greyish-brown, edged with yellowish-grey; the scapulars and feathers of the rump glossed with purple, those of the abdomen, tibiae, and subcaudal region inclining to chocolate-brown ; the quills and alular feathers brownish-black, with a tinge of grey; the inner secondaries inclining to greyish-brown ; the shafts of all white towards the base ; the lower surface of the quills and the larger coverts tinged with greyish-blue ; upper tail-coverts and the tail are white, (generally freckled with dusky grey at the base); the down on the breast is pale grey, that on the sides darker.

Female. :- The female does not differ from the male in color, and her superiority in size is often not remarkable.

Young. :- The bill is brownish-black; the cere greenish-yellow ; the feet yellow; the claws black ; the bases of all the feathers are brownish-white ; their middle parts light reddish-brown ; their tips only blackish-brown; the head and nape are dark brown; each feather with a minute brownish-white spot on the tip; on the middle of the back and on the wings light reddish-brown is the prevalent color; the black tips of comparatively small extent; on the third part of the back there is much white, that color extending further from the base; the quills and larger wing-coverts are blackish-brown, with a tinge of grey; the tail feathers brownish-white in the centre, black towards the margins, with irregular white dots ; the lower parts are of the same color as the back, or are pale reddish-brown, marked with longitudinal streaks and spots of dark brown; the lower wing-coverts brown; the tail-coverts white, with light-brown tips.

Progress towards Maturity. :- In the second year the young exhibits little difference, being, however, of a darker tint on the back and wings. An individual at this age has the bill brownish-black, tinged with blue; its base and the cere greenish-yellow; the iris hazel-brown; the feet gamboge; the claws brownish-black; the head and nape are dark brown; the base of all the feathers, on the upper parts, is white ; on the hind-neck and foreparts of the back that color, tinged with yellowish-brown, prevails, a lanceolate of obovate deep brown spot, being on each feather towards the end ; on the middle of the back the brown prevails, on the hind part white, and the rump and upper tail-coverts are light brown, tipped darker; the scapulars are dark brown with a purplish tinge; the wing-coverts dark brown at the end, but most of the larger pale brown in the greater part of their extent; the quills black, with a purplish-grey tinge, the secondaries gradually becoming more brown, and all faintly variegated with light grey and brown on the inner webs; the tail is brownish-black, with a tinge of grey, and more or less finely mottled with whitish ; the lower parts may be described as brownish-white, longitudinally streaked with dark brown, there being a lanceolate patch of the latter on each feather ; the lower wing-coverts and feathers of the legs dark brown ; the lower surface of the quills bluish-grey; the lower tail-coverts white, tipped with brown ; the down on the breast pure white.

Remarks. :- In this species the bill and iris change from dusky-brown to pale yellow, and the plumage, at first white at the base, and dark brown at the end, gradually loses its white, while the dark parts become paler and more extended, the final coloring being more uniform.

The tail forms no exception, for its basal white also diminishes but the white, which is gradually substituted for the brownish-black, spreads from near the end to the base. :- Macgillivray.

The European White-tailed Sea Eagle occurs along the banks of the Indus; they are mostly immature specimens.





47. Haliaetus albicillus,

Linn. Syst. Nat. i. p. 123; Sharpe, Cat. Acc. p. 302. H. albicilla. Leach. Syst. Cat. Mam. fc, B. M. p. 9 ; Gould. Birds Eur. p. 10; McGillivray, Brit. B. iii. p. 221 ; Shelley, Birds of Egypt, p. 204 ; Hume, S. Feathers, i. p. 159; id. Rough Notes, p. 257; S. Feathers, vii. 341 ; Murray, Hdbk. Zool. &c. Sind, p. III. Falco albicilla, Gm. Syst. Nat. i. p. 253. Aquila albicilla. Pall. Zoogr. Rosso. As. i. p. 345. Haliaetus pelagicus, Hume, Rough Notes, ii. p. 252. Halijetus brooksi, Hume, His, 1870, p. 438 ; Murray, Vert. Zool- Sind, p. 83,-

The European White-tailed Sea Eagle.

Male.- The legs and feet bright orange yellow. Gape and portion of cere yellow, the upper portion being yellowish brown. Bill blackish horny ; head, nape, cheeks, ear-coverts and sides of the neck hair brown, all the feathers white at their bases, in some for the basal half, in others for fully the basal two-thirds, but very little of the white showing through, the feathers being densely set; all the feathers of these parts long and linear, those of the occiput especially; the back of the neck, the whole of the back and rump, scapulars and wing coverts, except the greater primary coverts, as well as the feathers of the breast and abdomen a warm buffy fawn colour, changing to white at their bases, and more or less broadly tipped with hair brown ; the longer scapulars and the upper tail coverts,-which latter are very broad and come down to within some four inches of the tip of the tail,-a mixture of yellowish and hair brown, mottled and freckled with white and yellowish white; tail, which is very wedge-shaped, dark brown, mottled all over with dingy yellowish white, which colour pre­dominates on the inner webs ; the quills, winglet, and greater primary coverts chocolate brown; the second to the 5th primaries conspicuously emarginate on the outer web, and with a grey silvery tinge above the emarginations ; the 1st to the 5th primaries conspicuously notched on the inner webs ; the chin and throat pale buffy brown, the feathers whitish at the base and darker at the tips ; the flanks and thigh coverts pale yellowish brown, the feathers tipped darker ; the lower tail coverts dingy white, broadly tipped with brown, which in the longer ones is a dark hair brown: in the shorter a dull yellowish brown ; wing lining a sort of umber brown, the bases of all the feathers paler, some of them fawn-coloured and some white.

Female,-The legs, feet, cere and gape a sort of brownish yellow ; the upper mandible and claws blackish horny ; the tip of the lower mandible yellowish horny; the whole of the head, nape, sides of the neck, cheeks, chin and throat pale yellowish brown ; the feathers white, tipped with yellowish brown, which, owing to the feathers being closely set, is the predominant colour, especially on the top of the head ; the ear coverts a darker brown ; the whole of the back of the neck, back, rump and upper tail coverts, breast, sides, abdomen, vent, and lower tail coverts white, comparatively narrowly tipped with yellowish brown; and many of the feathers, with a narrow, linear, ovate, hair brown shaft spot near the tip. As in the male, the upper tail coverts are ovate lanceolate, very broad and long, and reach to within less than six inches of the end of the long wedge-shaped tail; most of the scapulars and the tail feathers are a mixture of dull dark and pale dingy yellowish brown, everywhere mottled and freckled with dirty white, which occupies almost the whole of the inner webs of the lateral tail feathers ; the wing coverts, except the greater primary coverts, are wood brown, showing little or nothing of the white bases ; most of the tertiaries are mottled white and dingy yellowish brown, like the tail; the secondaries are a dull, slightly rufous brown, much mottled on the inner webs with white, and the primaries are dark chocolate brown, greyish above the emarginations; some of the primary greater coverts are dark chocolate brown and others are a pale rufous brown. (Str. F, vii. 341.)

The following is McGillivray's description quoted in Stray Feathers:-

Male.-The cere and bill are pale yellow ; the iris bright yellow ; the tarsi and toes gamboge; the claws black with a tinge of greyish blue ; the plumage of the head, neck, forepart of the back and breast with the upper wing coverts greyish yellow, the feathers all greyish brown at the base; of the other parts greyish brown, edged with yellowish grey; scapulars and feathers of the rump glossed with purple ; those of the abdomen, tibia and sub caudal region inclin­ing to chocolate brown; the quills and alular feathers brownish black, with a tinge of grey, the inner secondaries inclining to chocolate brown; the shafts of all white towards the base; the lower surface of the quills and the large coverts tinged with greyish blue ; the upper tail coverts and the tail are white (generally freckled with dusky grey at the base); the down on the breast pale grey, that on the sides darker.

Length, to end of tail, 36 inches ; extent of wing 72 inches; bill along the ridge 3.41, along the edge of lower mandible 3; its height 1.41; wing from flexure 24 inches ; tail 11.4 ; tarsus 4.

The female does not differ from the male in colour, and her superiority in size is often not very remarkable. Length, to end of tail, 40 inches; extent of wing 10; bill along the ridge 3.91; along the edge of lower mandible 3.33; its height 1.66 ; wing from flexure 27.5 ; tail 12 inches ; tarsus 4.5 inches,

Hab.-Sind, Punjab, N.-W. Provinces, Oudh, Beloochistan Coast, and Persia. On the Indus and the larger lakes or dhunds throughout Sind, espe­cially on the Munchur Lake it is very common; also on the Jhelum, Chenab and Sudej rivers. Sharpe gives its habitat as Greenland, Iceland, Faroe Islands, the whole of Europe and Northern Asia, Kamschatka and Japan, extending into China as far as Amoy.

The Erne or European White-tailed Sea Eagle is a bird of a very imposing aspect. It often assumes many elegant attitudes, especially when excited. Its habitat is always either near the sea on rocky prominences, or inland on the larger lakes, where it feeds upon fish, plunging into the water after the manner of the osprey. Aquatic birds also form part of its food. Of its breeding in India there is no information. Morris in his British Birds says it builds in March and sits very close, but is by no means so courageous as the Golden Eagle in defending its brood. The nest is about five feet wide, flat, and has only a slight hollow in the middle. It is a mass of stick, heather or seaweed, as the case may be, and lined with any soft material as grass, wool or feathers. It is placed on some precipice, or in the hollow of a crag or rock overhanging the sea, or else in some inland fastness. The eggs, one or two in number, are about 3 X 2 1/4 inches, white or yellowish white, thickly sprinkled over with reddish spots.




1225. Haliaetus albicilla.

 

The White-tailed Sea-Eagle.

Vultur albicilla (errore albiulla), Linn. Syst. Nat. p. 123 (1766). Haliaetus albicilla, Leach, Syst. Cat. Mamm. &c. B. M. (1816) p. 9; Hume, Ibis, 1870, p. 438; 1871, p. 404; S. F. i, p. 159; vii, p. 341; id. Cat. no. 42 bis ; Jerdon, Ibis, 1871, p. 336; Blyth, His, 1872, p. 87 ; A. Anderson, P. Z. S. 1872, p. 78; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 302 ; Murray, Vert. Zool. Sind, p. 83; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 40. Haliaetus pelagicus, Hume, Rough Notes, p. 253 ; nec Pallas. Haliaetus brooksi, Hume, Rough Notes, p. 255 (1870); id. Ibis, 1870, p. 438.

Coloration. Upper plumage brown ; the head, neck, and smaller coverts paler, sometimes almost whity brown, with narrow dark shaft-stripes; quills blackish; lower parts paler than upper, palest on the chin, throat, and fore-neck, many feathers with pale tips; tail white except at the extreme base.

The young are brown, sometimes very dark, sometimes pale; the basal portion of all feathers fulvous or white, and usually exposed, on the lower parts especially; tail-feathers white, more or less mottled and edged with brown.

Cere and bill yellow in adults; cere yellowish brown, bill black in young birds; iris yellow (brown in the young); feet yellow. There is a slight ruff of lanceolate feathers, far less distinct than in H. leucoryphus, and the end of the tail is wedge-shaped, the middle feathers being considerably longer than the outer.

Length of a female 34 inches; tail 13 ; wing 26; tarsus 4.5; bill from gape 3. Males are rather less, wing 24.5.

Distribution. All Europe and Northern Asia, also Greenland. In India this bird appears to be a cold-weather visitant to the Punjab, North-west Provinces, and Sind.

Habits, &c. Very similar to those of other fishing Eagles. In India this species has been observed to haunt large marshes. It feeds mainly on fish.





(1777) Haliaetus albicillus.

 

The White-tailed Sea-Eagle.

Falco albicilla Linn.,Syst. Nat., 10th ed. i, p. 89 (1758) (Sweden). Haliaetus albicillus. Blanf. & Oates, iii, p. 369.

Vernacular names. None recorded.

Description. Whole head, neck and upper breast pale fulvous-brown or whity-brown, the bases darker and showing through and the shafts black; remainder of upper parts dark brown ; wing-coverts brown with pale edges, these covering almost the whole visible portions of the inner lesser coverts and decreasing in extent outwardly, often disappearing entirely on the outermost and on the primary coverts; quills blackish-brown ; the innermost secondaries edged with whitish like the scapulars and interscapulars; tail white generally more or less mottled with brown at the base; lower parts brown, the feathers of the lower breast with a good deal of pale edging or mottling.

Colours of soft parts. Iris yellow, brown in the young; bill and cere yellow, more brown in young birds and quite blackish-brown in the youngest; feet yellow. The feathers of the hind-neck and breast are long and lanceolate but do not form a ruff as in leucoryphus.

Measurements. wing 593 to 632 mm.; tail 285 to 325 mm.; tarsus about 85 mm.; culmen about 61 mm., wing 640 to 686 mm.; tail 318 to 352 mm.; culmen about 65 mm.

Young birds are brown, varying much in depth of colour; the bases of the feathers are pale fulvous or whitish and show through more or less everywhere but especially on the lower parts; tail white more or less mottled and edged with brown, this colour predominating in the youngest birds; the wing-coverts are mostly rufous-fulvous with dark brown tips and the lower parts often look as if fulvous broadly streaked with dark brown.

Distribution. All Europe and Northern Asia, Greenland, etc. A Winter visitor to India, extending to the Punjab, North-West Provinces and Sind. It breeds as far East and South as Mesopotamia and Persia.

Nidification. In Northern Europe the White-tailed Sea-Eagle breeds in April, sometimes in the end of March or early May. In South Europe it breeds in February and in Mesopotamia, North and Western Persia in January and February. The nest is a huge affair ©f sticks, branches and other rubbish, lined with gra^s, wool, etc. In North Europe it is nearly always placed on cliffs but elsewhere often in trees, sometimes on the ground and sometimes on ledges on clay banks of rivers. The eggs number one to three and are pure white, very rarely showing any pigmentation, though often much stained. One hundred " eggs average 73.9 x 57.8 mm.: maxima 84.4 X 60.7 and 82.0 x 63.5 mm.; minima 66.0 x 54.0 and 68.0 x 53.0 mm. (Witherby).

Habits. This grand Eagle, magnificent as it is in its leisurely soaring flight is not nearly so fine a bird when at rest, sitting for hours on some rocky headland or high tree, hunched up and motionless until once more hunger urges it to action. It feeds largely on fish but also eats carrion and will kill and devour duck and sea-birds of all sorts and also hares, rabbits, etc. In Mesopotamia and Persia it keeps to the larger rivers, lagoons and to the sea-coast and is in some parts quite a common bird. It has not much pluck in spite of its size and power, and Buxton records a pair of Kites appropriating a completed nest of the Sea-Eagles without protest from them. The call is described by Wither by as " a querulous chatter, insignificant for so large a bird."





Haliaeetus albicilla Linn.

 

Falco albicilla Linn., Syst. Nat., 10th ed., vol. i, p. 89, Jan. 1758 : Sweden, Europe.

Falco ossifragus id., ibid., p. 124, 1766 : Sweden, Europe.

Falco albicaudus Gmelin, Syst. Nat., vol. i, pt. i, p. 258, 1788: Sweden, Europe.

Falco hinnularius Latham, Index Orn., vol. i, p. 15, 1790; new name for F. albicaudus Gmelin.

Haliaetus nisus Savigny, Descr. Egypte, Hist. Nat., vol. i, p. 26, 1809 : New name only.

Falco pygargus Daudin, Traite d'Orn., vol. ii, p. 62, 1800; new name only.

Aquila borealis Brehm, Ornis, vol. i, p. 1, 1824: North Europe.

Haliaetos orientalis Brehm, Handb. Vogel Deutschl., p. 15, 1831: Germany.

Haliaetos islandicus id., ibid., p. 16, 1831: Island.

Haliaetos graenlandicus, cinereus, and funereus Brehm, Vogelfang, p. 7, 1855 (the last two ex Ruppell MS.): Europe, Asia and N. Africa.

Haliaetus brooksi Hume, Ibis, 1870, p. 438 : Upper India.

Haliaetus hypoleucus Ridgway, Proc. U.S. Nat, Mus., vol. vi, p. 90, 1844: Bering Islands.





Museum Collections


No Data Avialbale for Haliaeetus albicilla

Sound/Call


2 calls found for Haliaeetus albicilla



Remarks: Call of a chick from a nest or an adult from the surroundings.
Call Type: call (A)


Remarks: song of pair in duet, male dominating, female in background - harsh
Call Type: song of pair (B)

The Bird Calls are embedded through xeno-canto.org See Terms of Use xeno-canto.org


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Cite this website along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2014 Haliaeetus albicilla - Linnaeus, 1758 (White-tailed Eagle ) in Deomurari, A.N. (Compiler), 2010. AVIS-IBIS (Avian Information System - Indian BioDiversity Information System) v. 1.0. Foundation For Ecological Security, India retrieved on 07/26/2014
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