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Northern Goshawk - Accipiter gentilis


General Information


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Common Name : Northern Goshawk
Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758)

Order : Falconiformes
Family : Accipitridae
Taxonomic Group : Falconiformes - Accipitridae ( Hawks, Kites and Eagles )
Vernacular Name : Sindh: Zorree(M), Shahbaaz(F), Hindi: Jarra(M), Baaz(F), Gujarat: Baaj, Moto shakro, F: Baaz, M: Zurra



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Taxonomy



Common Name : Northern Goshawk
Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis
Order : Falconiformes Family : Accipitridae (Hawks, Eagles, and Kites)
Number of SubSpecies : 8

Taxon Category Sub Species / Race Range
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis gentilisEurope and extreme nw Africa
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis arrigoniiCorsica and Sardinia
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis buteoidesN Eurasia (Sweden to Lena River); winters to central Asia
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis albidusNE Siberia to Kamchatka Peninsula
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis schvedowiNE Asia to central China; winters to n Indochina
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis fujiyamaeJapan
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis atricapillusNorth America south to s US and w Mexico
subspeciesAccipiter gentilis laingiSW Canada (Queen Charlotte Islands and Vancouver I.)



3rd Edition, 2003. Revised and Corrected per Corrigenda to December 31, 2006

Common Name : Northern Goshawk
Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis
SubFamily : Accipitrinae

Number of SubSpecies : 10

Sub Species / Race
Accipiter gentilis buteoides
Accipiter gentilis albidus
Accipiter gentilis schvedowi
Accipiter gentilis fujiyamae
Accipiter gentilis gentilis
Accipiter gentilis marginatus
Accipiter gentilis arrigonii
Accipiter gentilis atricapillus
Accipiter gentilis laingi
Accipiter gentilis apache



IOC Common Name : Northern Goshawk
IOC Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis

Distribution :
Region : NA, MA, EU Range : widespread
Order : ACCIPITRIFORMES Family : Accipitridae
Category : Kites, Hawks & Eagles
Note: Raptor families Cathartidae, Accipitridae, Sagittariidae, and Pandiondae are in the Order "Accipitriformes" because falcons (Falconidae) are separated as the Order Falconiformes (Hackett et al. 2008)


SYNOPIS NO : 136

Scientific Name: Accipiter gentilis
Common Name: Goshawk



Common Name : Northern Goshawk
Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis ((Linnaeus, 1758))
Birdlife Synonym : Goshawk (6); Eurasian Goshawk (7)

BirdLife Redlist Status Year 2010: LC
BirdLife Species FactSheet for Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis )

Taxonomy Treatment : R




IUCN Common Name (Eng) : Northern Goshawk, Eurasian Goshawk, Goshawk
Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis (Linnaeus, 1758)
French Name : Autour Des Palombes
IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Northern Goshawk, Eurasian Goshawk, Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis )

Species : gentilis
Genus : Accipiter
Family : Accipitridae Order : Falconiformes

IUCN RedList Status : LC

IUCN RedList Criteria Version : 3.1
IUCN RedList Year Assessed : 2008
IUCN RedList Petitioned : N



Family : ACCIPITRIDAE

Scientific Name : Accipiter gentilis
Common Name : Northern Goshawk



Bibliography


Bibliography of Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis )
Number of Results found : 100

This is latest 100 Papers. To see Complete Bibliography of Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis ) Use Species Bibliography Module

1. Curnutt J; , (2010), The Northern Goshawk: A Technical Assessment of Its Status, Ecology, and Management, The Auk, 126:4: 939 - 939.


2. Takaki Y;Kawahara T;Kitamura H;Endo K;Kudo T; , (2009 ), Genetic diversity and genetic structure of Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis ) populations in eastern Japan and central Asia, Conservation Genetics, 10:2: 269.


3. Moser BW;Garton EO; , (2009 ), Short-term effects of timber harvest and weather on Northern Goshawk reproduction in northern Idaho, Journal of Raptor Research, : 1.


4. Holling M;Rare Breeding Birds P; , (2009 ), Rare breeding birds in the United Kingdom in 2006, British Birds, 102:4: 158 - 202.


5. Amaral KF;Jorge W; , (2009 ), Chromosomes of the Order Falconiformes: a review, Ararajuba, 11:1: 65 - 73.


6. Kudo T; , (2009), Migration route and wintering area of Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis breeding in Hokkaido, northern Japan, Ornithological Science, 7:1: 99 - 102.


7. Asai S;Akoshima D;Yamamoto Y;Shigeta Y;Matsue M;Momose H; , (2009), Current status of the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in Japan based on mitochondrial DNA, Ornithological Science, 7:2: 143 - 156.


8. Moser BW;Garton EO; , (2009), Short-Term Effects of Timber Harvest and Weather on Northern Goshawk Reproduction in Northern Idaho, Journal of Raptor Research, 43:1: 1 - 10.


9. Shigeki Asai, Daisuke Akoshima, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Yoshimitsu Shigeta, Masahiko Matsue and Hiroshi Momose , (2009), Erratum: Current status of the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in Japan based on mitochondrial DNA [Ornithol. Sci. 7(2): 143-156 (2008)], Ornithological Science, 8:1: 91 - 91.


10. Olga Alexandrou1, Christos Vlachos2, Dimitrios Bakaloudis3 , (2008), Goshawks Accipiter gentilis nest-tree and stand preferences in the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest, north-eastern Greece, Avocetta, 32:1-2: 5 - 11.


11. Reiko Horie, Koichi Endo, Yuichi Yamaura and Kenichi Ozaki , (2008), Within-home-range habitat selection of male Northern Goshawks in central Japan, Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 57.2: 108 - 121.


12. Yandell B; , (2008 ), 12th report of the Kentucky Bird Records Committee, Kentucky Warbler, 84:3: 73 - 77.


13. Woodford JE;Eloranta CA;Craig KD; , (2008 ), Nest monitoring and prey of Northern Goshawks in Wisconsin, Passenger Pigeon, 70:2: 171 - 179.


14. Veldkamp R; , (2008 ), [Cormorants Phalacrocorax carbo and other large bird species as prey of goshawks Accipiter gentilis in De Wieden], De Takkeling, 16:1: .


15. van Uchelen E; , (2008 ), [Immature male goshawk Accipiter gentilis captures Carrion Crow Corvus corone on ice], De Takkeling, 16:2: .


16. Solonen T; , (2008 ), Larger broods in the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis near urban areas in southern Finland, Ornis Fennica, 85:4: 118.


17. Sklepowicz B; , (2008 ), Domestic fowl ( Gallus domesticus ) in the diet of Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis ) in Poland, Journal of Raptor Research, 42:1: 68.


18. Scott K; , (2008 ), Bird behavior: Northern Goshawk, Common Raven, and American Crow, Blue Jay, 66:2: .


19. Pot A;Blaauw R;Huizenga J;Sterken T; , (2008 ), Buzzards Buteo buteo and goshawks Accipiter gentilis in the Forest of Veenhuizen in 1983-2007: trends, breeding success and persecution, De Takkeling, 16:1: 234.


20. Mueller HC;Berger DD;Mueller NS;Kaspar JL; , (2008 ), Cyclic irruptions of Northern Goshawks at Cedar Grove, Wisonsin 1951-2004, Passenger Pigeon, : 275.


21. Lanzi A;Fontaqna R;Gianaroli M;Conventi L;Amorosi F; , (2008 ), [Goshawk Accipiter gentilis caught in traps for Hooded Crow Corvus corone cornix in the Modena Province], , : 115.


22. Kudo T; , (2008 ), Migration route and wintering area of Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis breeding in Hokkaido, northern Japan, , : 99.


23. Iankov P; , (2008 ), Atlas of breeding birds in Bulgaria, Sofia, Bulgaria Bulgarian Society for the Protection of Birds, : .


24. Horie R;Endo K;Yamaura Y;Ozaki K; , (2008 ), [Within-home range habitat selection of male Northern Goshawks in central Japan], Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 57:2: 108 - 121.


25. Holling M;Rare Breeding Birds P; , (2008 ), Rare breeding birds in the United Kingdom in 2005, British Birds, 121:6: 276 - 316.


26. Gschwandtner W; , (2008 ), [V gel ber 1500 m Seeh he ('Bergv gel') in Nordtirol, sterreich: Artenspektrum -- oberste Verbrietungsgrenzen Jahresbeobachtungen], Monticola, 10:Sonderheft: 2 - 48.


27. Grove G; , (2008 ), The 2008 Winter Raptor Survey in Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Birds, 22:1: 38 - 41.


28. Goodrich L; , (2008 ), Autumn raptor migration summary 2008, Pennsylvania Birds, 22:4: 200 - 206.


29. Goodrich L; , (2008 ), Spring raptor migration summary 2008, Pennsylvania Birds, 22:2: 89 - 93.


30. Golawski A;Kasprzykowski Z; , (2008 ), [Birds wintering in the open agricultural landscape of eastern Poland], Notatki Ornitologiczne, 49:3: 153 - 161.


31. Gibson DD;Heinl SC;Tobish TG; , (2008 ), Report of the Alaska Checklist Committee, 2003-2007, Western Birds, 39:4: 189 - 201.


32. Fuller RJ;Ausden M; , (2008 ), Birds and habitat change in Britain. Part I: a review of losses and gains in the twentieth century, British Birds, 101:12: 644 - 675.


33. Fiejen C;Fiejen HR; , (2008 ), A review of the breeding birds of Bhutan, Forktail, 24: 1 - 24.


34. Faanes CA; , (2008 ), The birds of Barron County, Wisconsin, Passenger Pigeon, 70:2: 103 - 170.


35. Etheridge B;Holling M;Riley H;Wernham C;Thompson D; , (2008 ), Scottish Raptor Monitoring Scheme Report 2005, Aberlady, Scotland, UK Scottish Ornithologists' Club, : .


36. Duckworth JW;Moores N; , (2008 ), A re-evaluation of the pre-1948 Korean breeding avifauna: correctng a 'founder effect' in perceptions, Forktail, 24: 25 - 47.


37. Currie N; , (2008 ), Connecticut's 2007 fall hawk migration, Connecticut Warbler, 27: 154 - 156.


38. Coiffait L;Clark JA;Robinson RA;Blackburn JR;Grantham MJ;Marchant JH;Barber L;de Palacio D;Griffin BM;Moss D; , (2008 ), Bird ringing in Britain and Ireland in 2007, Ringing & Migration, 24:2: 104 - 144.


39. Coiffait L;Clark JA;Robinson RA;Blackburn JR;Griffin BM;Risely K;Grantham MJ;Marchant JH;Girling T;Barber L; , (2008 ), Bird ringing in Britain and Ireland in 2006, Ringing & Migration, 24:1: 15 - 79.


40. Carter I;Newbery P;Grice P;Hughes J; , (2008 ), The role of reintroductions in conserving British birds, British Birds, 101:1: 2 - 25.


41. Burfield IJ; , (2008 ), The conservation status and trends of raptors and owls in Europe, Ambio, 37:6: 401 - 407.


42. Boele A;Hustings F;Koffijberg K;Van Turnhout C;Plate C; , (2008 ), [Population trends in wintering landbirds in The Netherlands 1980-2006; effects of region, habitat and migrtory behaviour], Limosa, 81:2: 50 - 61.


43. Bijlsma RG; , (2008 ), [Trends and breeding success of raptors in The Netherlands in 2007], De Takkeling, 16:1: 8 - 55.


44. Bijlsma RG; , (2008 ), [Raptors attacking people], De Takkeling, 16:1: 208 - 218.


45. Bijlsma RG;Zoun P; , (2008 ), [Raptor persecution in The Netherlands in 2007], De Takkeling, 16:1: 56 - 64.


46. Bier P;Rogan EC;Ingraldi MF;Rosenstock SS; , (2008 ), Does forest structure affect reproduction of Northern Goshawks in Ponderosa Pine forests?, Journal of Applied Ecology, 45:1: 342 - 350.


47. Bekmansurov RH; , (2008 ), [The birds of prey in the NP 'Nizhnyaya Kama'], Raptors Conservation, 13: 41 - 47.


48. Asai S;Akoshima D;Yamamoto Y;Shigeta Y;Matsue M;Momose H; , (2008 ), Current status of the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in Japan based on mitochondrial DNA, Ornithological Science, 7:2: 143 - 156.


49. Alexandrou O;Vlachos C;Bakaloudis D; , (2008 ), Goshawks Accipiter gentilis nest-tree and stand preferences in the Dadia-Lefkimi-Soufli forest, north-eastern Greece, Avocetta, 32:1: 5 - 11.


50. Hussell DJT;Ruelas Inzunza E;Bildstein KL;Smith JP;Veit RR; , (2008 ), Long-term monitoring: the Raptor Population Index in principle, State of North America's birds of prey Cambridge, MA and Washington, D.C. Nuttall Ornithological Club and American Ornithologists' Union;Series in Ornithology, : 151 - 163.


51. Harrower WL; , (2008 ), Nesting requirements of the Northern Goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis atricapillus ) in southeastern British Columbia, Victoria, British Columbia, Canada University of Victoria, M.Sc. thesis;, : .


52. Farmer CJ;Bell RJ;Drolet B;Goodrich LJ;Greenstone E;Grove D;Hussell DJT;Mizrahi D;Nicoletti FJ;Sodergren J;Bildstein KL;Smith JP;Ruelas Inzunza E;Veit RR; , (2008 ), Trends in autumn counts of migratory raptors in northeastern North America, 1974-2004, State of North America's birds of prey Cambridge, MA and Washington, D.C. Nuttall Ornithological Club and American Ornithologists' Union;Series in Ornithology, : 179 - 215.


53. Farmer CJ;Goodrich LJ;Ruelas Inzunza E;Smith JP;Bildstein KL;Veit RR; , (2008 ), Conservation status of North America's birds of prey, State of North America's birds of prey Cambridge, MA and Washington, D.C. Nuttall Ornithological Club and American Ornithologists' Union;Series in Ornithology, : 303 - 419.


54. Bildstein KL;Smith JP;Ruelas Inzunza E;Veit RR; , (2008 ), A brief history of raptor conservation in North America, State of North America's birds of prey Cambridge, MA and Washington, D.C. Nuttall Ornithological Club and American Ornithologists' Union;Series in Ornithology, : 5 - 36.


55. Bayard de Volo S; , (2008 ), Genetic studies of Northern Goshawks ( Accipiter gentilis ): genetic tagging and individual identification from feathers, and determining phylogeography, gene flow, and population hitory for goshawks in North America, Fort Collins, CO Colorado State Unviersity, Ph.D. dissertation;, : .


56. Zimmerman GS;Horton RR;Dessecker DR;GutiAcrrez RJ; , (2008), New Insight To Old Hypotheses: Ruffed Grouse Population Cycles, The Wilson Journal of Ornithology, 120:2: 239 - 247.


57. Reynolds RT;Graham RT;Boyce DA; , (2008), Northern Goshawk Habitat: an Intersection of Science, Management, and Conservation, Journal of Wildlife Management, 72:4: 1047 - 1055.


58. Sklepowicz Bo; , (2008), Domestic Fowl (Gallus domesticus) in the Diet of Northern Goshawks (Accipiter gentilis) in Poland, Journal of Raptor Research, 42:1: 68 - 69.


59. De Volo SB;Reynolds RT;Douglas MR;Antolin MF; , (2008), An Improved Extraction Method to Increase DNA Yield from Molted Feathers, The Condor, 110:4: 762 - 766.


60. Lierz M;Hafez HM; , (2008), Time-Dependent Recovery of Mycoplasma lipofaciens (Strain ML64) from Incubated Infertile Chicken Eggs and Dead in Shell Chicken Embryos, Avian Diseases, 52:3: 441 - 443.


61. Shigeki Asai, Daisuke Akoshima, Yoshihiro Yamamoto, Yoshimitsu Shigeta, Masahiko Matsue and Hiroshi Momose , (2008), Current status of the Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in Japan based on mitochondrial DNA, Ornithological Science, 7:2: 143 - 156.


62. Takuma Kudo , (2008), Migration route and wintering area of Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis breeding in Hokkaido, northern Japan, Ornithological Science, 7:1: 99 - 102.


63. JOHN T. NEVILLE , (2007), Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis, exploits a Beagle Hound, Canis familiaris, as a "beater" to catch a Snowshoe Hare, Lepus americanus, The Canadian Field-Naturalist, 121:3: 329 - 329.


64. Hiroshi Uchida, Shigeru Takayanagi, Shin Suzuki, Takao Watanabe, Yasuyuki Ishimatu, Isao Tanaka, Shin Aoyama, Hirofumi Nakamura, Masaaki Noumi, Hideaki Nakajima and Masazumi Sakurai , (2007), Breeding ecology of Northern Goshawk at hilly terrain area in central Japan, Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 56.2: 131 - 140.


65. Reiko Horie, Koichi Endo, Jun Nonaka and Kenichi Ozaki , (2007), Seasonal change in home range of male Northern Goshawk in central Japan, Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 56.1: 22 - 32.


66. Zolfaghari G;Esmaili-Sari A;Ghasempouri SM;Kiabi BH; , (2007 ), Examination of mercury concentration in the feathers of 18 species of birds in Southwest Iran, Environmental Research, 104: 258 - 265.


67. Uchida H;Takayanagi S;Suzuki S;Watanabe T;Ishimatsu Y;Tanaka I;Aoyama S;Nakamura H;Noumi M;Nakajima H;Sakurai M; , (2007 ), Breeding ecology of the Northern Goshawk in a hilly terrain area in central Japan, Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 56:2: 131.


68. Salafsky SR;Reynolds RT;Noon BR;Wiens JA; , (2007 ), Reproductive responses of Northern Goshawks to variable prey populations, Journal of Wildlife Management, 71:7: 367.


69. Probst R;Pavlicev M;Schmid R; , (2007 ), The home range and notes on a radio-tagged northeastern Siberian Northern Goshawk, Journal of Raptor Research, 41:4: 336.


70. Post W;Shea N; , (2007 ), Recovery of a banded Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis in South Carolina: first documentation of its occurrence in the state, Chat, 71:2: 30.


71. Nini G; , (2007 ), [Observations on Northern Goshawks breeding in Modena and Bologna Apennines], Picus, : .


72. Neville JT; , (2007 ), Northern Goshawk, Accipiter gentilis , exploits a beagle hound, Canis familiaris , as a 'beater' to catch a Snowshoe Hare, Lepus americanus, Canadian Field-Naturalist, : 329.


73. Morrison ML; , (2007 ), Status of the Northern Goshawk in the Spring Mountains, Nevada, Great Basin Birds, : - 69.


74. Kr ger O; , (2007 ), Long-term demographic analysis in goshawk Accipiter gentilis : the role of density dependence and stochasticity, , : 1432.


75. Jorgensen J;Rodriguez R;Jones L; , (2007 ), Variables associated with Northern Goshawk nesting on the Dixie National Forest, Utah Birds, 20:1: 2 - 8.


76. Johansen HM;Sel s V;Fagerland K;Johnsen JT;Sveen BA;Tapia L;Steen R; , (2007 ), Goshawk diet during the nestling period in farmland and forest-dominated areas in southern Norway, Ornis Fennica, 84:4: 181 - 188.


77. Jeromin K;Koop B;Verndt RK;nther G;Mitchke A; , (2007 ), [Ornithological report for Schleswig-Holstein 2002], Corax, 20:4: 389 - 431.


78. Horie R;Endo K;Nonaka J;Ozaki K; , (2007 ), Seasonal change in home range of male Northern Goshawk in central Japan, Japanese Journal of Ornithology, 56:1: 22 - 31.


79. Holling M;Rare Breeding Birds P; , (2007 ), Rare breeding birds in the United Kingdom in 2003 and 2004, British Birds, 100:6: 321 - 367.


80. Hirschfeld A; , (2007 ), [Illegale Verfolgung gesch zter Vogelarten in der Niederrheinischen Bucht -- ein Kavaliersdelikt?], Charadrius, 43: 22 - 34.


81. Hillis JP; , (2007 ), Rare breeding birds in Ireland 2005 and 2006, Irish Birds, 8:2: 249 - 262.


82. Hawks SE;Evans DL;Grier JW; , (2007 ), Determining the sources of Northern Goshawks passing through Duluth, Minnesota, Loon, 79:4: 187 - 193.


83. Hasselblad K;Bechard M; , (2007 ), Male Northern Goshawk home ranges in the Great Basin of south-central Idaho, Journal of Raptor Research, 41:2: 150 - 155.


84. Harriman B; , (2007 ), The breeding season for Wisconsin's birds, Passenger Pigeon, 69:1: 35 - 46.


85. Haensel J; , (2007 ), [Weibchen des Habichts Accipiter gentilis schl gt ber den Okerstausee/Harz ein beutetradendes Webchen des Sperbers Accipiter nisus ], Ornithologische Jahresberichte des Museums Heineanum, 25: 49 - 50.


86. Guglielmi R;Leardi A; , (2007 ), [Abundance and density of Accipitriformes and Falconiformes during the reproductive period in the Matese Regional Park (Campania)], Picus, 33:64: 119 - 124.


87. Goote H; , (2007 ), [Juvenile goshawk Accipiter gentilis successfully fostered], De Takkeling, 15:3: 210 - 221.


88. Giddings L; , (2007 ), The birds of San Juan County, Utah, Utah Birds, 20:2: 15 - 44.


89. Gibbons DWA;Anderson GOA;Bolton M;Bradbury RB;Eaton MA;Evans AD;Grant MC;Gregory RD;Hilton GM;Hirons GJM;Hughes J;Johnstone J;Newberry P;Peach WJ;Ratcliffe N;Smith KW;Summers RW;Walton P;Wilson JD; , (2007 ), The predation of wild birds in the UK: a review of its conservation impact and management, Royal Society for the Protection of Birds Report, 23: 1 - 55.


90. Fleishman E;Dobkin D; , (2007 ), Response of avian species richness to elevation in the central Great Basin, Great Basin Birds, 9: 8 - 20.


91. Etheridge B;Holling M;Riley HT;Wernham CV;Thompson DBA; , (2007 ), Scottish Raptor Monitoring Scheme Report 2005, Aberlady, Scotland Scottish Ornithologists' Club, : .


92. de Haan P; , (2007 ), [Breeding raptors in and near the city of Groningen in 2007], De Takkeling, 15:3: 247 - 252.


93. Currie N; , (2007 ), Connecticut's 2006 fall hawk migration, Connecticut Warbler, 27:2: 56 - 60.


94. Csaba K; , (2007 ), [Investigation of the nesting of honey buzzard ( Pernis apivorus ), Common Buzzard ( Buteo buteo ), goshawk ( Accipiter gentilis ) and raven ( Corvus corax ) in the Heves-Borsodi-dombs g between 1996-1998], Aquila, 113: 39 - 42.


95. Clark JA;Robinson RA;Adams SY;Grantham MJ;Risely K;Blamer DE;Blackburn JR;Griffin BM;Marchant JH;Kimmel V; , (2007 ), Bird ringing in Britain and Ireland in 2005, Ringing and Migration, 23:3: 156 - 192.


96. Chen CSC; , (2007 ), [Ground survey of raptor migation at Kenting National Park in Autumn 2006], Raptor Reseach of Taiwan, 7: 14 - 17.


97. Campora M; , (2007 ), [An update on the presence of Northern Goshawks Accipiter gentilis in the Ligurian Apennines], Picus, 33:63: 32.


98. Byholm P; , (2007 ), (Review of) The goshawk, by Robert E. Kenward, Ornis Fennica, 84:4: 189 - 190.


99. Byholm P;Nikula A; , (2007 ), Nesting failure in Finnish Northern Goshawks Accipiter gentilis : incidence and cause, Ibis, 149:3: 597 - 604.


100. Byholm P;Nikula A;Kentta J;Taivalm ki JP; , (2007 ), Interactions between habitat heterogeneity and food affect reproductive output in a top predator, Journal of Animal Ecology, 76:2: 392 - 401.



Book Excerpts



21. Astur Palumbarius, Lin.

Falco, apud Linnaeus - Pl. enl, 418, 423, 461 - Gould, Birds of Europe, pi. 17 - Blyth, Cat. 101 - Horsf., Cat. 51 - Jerdon, 2nd Suppl. Cat., 36, bis - F. Gallinarius, Gmel. - Baz, H. (the female) ; Jurra (the male) - Shahbaz, in Sindh - (The word Baz appears to be the same as the Bucharian or Persian Baz and Basi, being respectively the names given to the Peregrine Falcon by those people, according to Pallas.

The Goshawk.

Descr. - The young bird is brown above, the feathers edged with a paler hue on the head, indeed often rusty, with a dark central spot; nape whitish ; wings and tail light brown, the latter with an ashy tinge, banded with darker brown : beneath rusty white, with long dark-brown streaks throughout; under tail coverts white, with narrow stripes ; streak over the eye, and cheeks, also white with brown streaks.

The adult is uniform light brown above, with a greyish tinge;  beneath white, with cross bands of rich hair or yellowish brown, and the shafts dark ; the thigh coverts are also narrowly banded; the under tail coverts unspotted, white: the tail has three conspicuous broad brown bands, and a fourth indistinct one near the base.

Length of a female 24 inches ; wing 14 ; tail nearly 10. - Weight 21bs. 14oz.   The male is 20 inches long; wing 13; tail 9.

The Goshawk is found in the Himalayas, and I think also on the Neilgherries, though rare there. If it ever occurs in the plains, it is only a straggler, or a bird of passage. I saw, on more than one occasion on the Neilgherries, near the top of Dodabet, the highest hill of the group, a large bird of prey, dashing impetuously into a thick wood. Its manner of flight, and the way with which it dived into the wood, made me conclude at once that it was a Goshawk. The only other large bird of prey that I could have mistaken it for is the Buzzard, a bird of very different flight.

The Baz is the most highly esteemed bird of prey in India, and a trained bird used to be sold for a large sum in former days. They are caught when young, and sold on the skirts of the N. W. Himalayas, to falconers from different parts of India, for prices varying from 20 to 50 Rs. for the female, and from 10 to 20 or 30 for the male. The Baz is trained to strike the Houbara bustard, Kites, and Neophrons, Duck, and many other large water birds, as Cormorants, Herons, Ibises, &c. It is, however, chiefly trained to catch hares. For this purpose she is booted or furnished with leather leggings to prevent her legs being injured by thorns, as the hare generally drags the hawk some yards after being struck. She strikes with one leg only, and stretches the other one out behind to clutch grass, twigs, or any thing on the ground, to put the drag, as it were, on the hare. The Jurra is trained to strike partridges, rock pigeon, crows, teal, &c, &c. The Goshawk flies direct at its prey, and gets its speed at once; and if it does not reach  the quarry within a reasonable distance, say from 100 to 200 yards, it  generally gives up the chase; and either returns to the falconer's fist, or perches on some neighbouring tree, or on the ground.  In a wild state the Goshawk is said to be very destructive to pheasants and other game birds. It breeds on trees, laying from two to four eggs. It is found throughout the wooded parts of Europe and Asia, and is occasionally killed in Scotland. A nearly allied species is A. atricapilla of N. America, and other species are  found in all countries. One of the most remarkable is the white Goshawk, A. novae Hollandiae, pure white.*




14. Astur palumbarius,

Linn. S. N. i. p. 130; Temm. Man. d'Orn i. p. 55 ; Yarr. B. Birds, i. p. 57 ; Cuv. Regne. An. i. p. 320; Gray, Gen. B. i. p. 27 ; Jerd. B. Ind. i. p. 45, No. 21; Hume, Rough Notes, i. p. 112 ; Jerd. Ibis. 1871, p. 243; Sharpe, Cat. Acc. Br.Mus. vol. i. p. 95.-

The Goshawk.

Crown of the head, ear coverts and sides of neck dark brownish black ; hind neck slightly mottled with while; lores, checks, and super cilium white spotted with blackish. Chin and throat white streaked with dusky; breast greyish white, transversely waved with small bars of greyish black ; rest of the under surface white covered with transverse bars of greyish or ashy brown; under tail coverts white ; upper tail coverts and back dark bluish grey tinged with brown. Tail ashy brown, tipped with white and with four broad transverse bands of dark brown. Primaries brown, barred with darker brown; shafts reddish, the inner webs whitish towards the base; lower surface of the wing ashy grey; secondaries, tertiaries, and the greater and lesser wing coverts as the back; under wing coverts barred transversely with dusky. Cere yellow; bill bluish horn; irides bright yellow; legs and feet yellow; claws black.

Length.-18 to 19.5 inches; culmen 1.5 ; wing 12-2 to 12.5; expanse 43 to 45 inches; tail 9.0 ; tarsus 3.0.

Adult Female.-Similar to the male, but a little larger, and the back is of a browner tint, except in very old birds when there is scarcely any difference between them.

Length.-22 to 23 inches; wing 14; tarsus 3.4.

Hab.-Europe generally, wintering in E. Turkestan, Algeria, Palestine, Egypt, the Himalayas, and Northern China. In India it has been found in the Punjab and in the forests of Gurhwal in the N.-W. Provinces. Hodgson has collected specimens in Nepal. Mr. Hume says that Dr. Jerdon mentioned to him that it is occasionally taken in the plains of the Punjab during winter, and adds that he saw a pair in July that evidently had their nest in a wood in the Asrang Valley above Chini about 12,000 feet. Nothing certain is known of its breeding in India. Mr. Hume (Rough Notes) says, it breeds so far as he has been able to ascertain only in the higher regions of the Himalayas. He says a pair of young birds were brought to him late in July from near the Chor and the shikari asserted that he had taken them from a nest. Mr. Thomson too tells him that they breed from March to June, building on trees and laying 3-4 nearly pure white eggs, confining them­selves to the interior of the deep precipitous valleys lying close to the snowy peak.




Astur palumbarius (Linn.).
The Goshawk.


Astur palumbarius (Linn.), Jerd. B. Ind. i, p. 45; Hume, Rough Draft N. & E. no. 21.

The Goshawk breeds in India, so far as I have been able to ascertain, only in the higher regions of the Himalayas, in the immediate neighbourhood of the snows.

Two eggs of this species which I possess were found in a nest about 40 feet from the ground, in a deodar-tree in Bussahir, on the 15th of April, at an elevation of about 9000 feet. They are short, broad ovals, slightly compressed towards one end, glossless, of a greyish-white colour. They were much incubated, and one of them is a great deal mottled and spotted with faint brown stains, whether natural or the result of dirt during incubation, I do not know. Held up against the light, the shells are a bright sea-green. These eggs were taken by a native, whom I have always found reliable in the matter of eggs, and brought to me along with one of the parent birds, the female. I have myself no doubts as to their authenticity.

They measure 2.2 by 1.78 inch and 2.1 by 1.7 inch.

A pair of very young birds were brought late in July, while I was at Simla, for the Rajah of Putialla, from near the Chor, and the shikaree asserted that he had taken them out of a nest placed near the top of some kind of fir or pine tree.

Mr. R. Thompson, an enthusiastic falconer by the way, tells me that " they breed from March to June, building on trees a large circular nest of coarse twigs, in which they lay three or four nearly pure white eggs. They confine themselves peculiarly to the interior of the deep, precipitous, woody valleys, lying close to the snowy peaks. They usually, I am told, select a birch-tree, Alnus loojputtia, or Cupressus tomentosa, to build their nests on.

"During this period the birds are very daring, and will readily attack a man attempting to climb up to the nest. In these woods the Moonal Pheasant is very abundant, and no doubt affords capital quarry for these Hawks."




1243. Astur palumbarius.

 

The Goshawk.

Falco palumbarius, Linn. Syst. Nat. i, p. 130 (1766). Astur palumbarius, Cuv. Regne An. i, p. 320; Blyth, Cat. p. 23; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 41; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 45; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. 2, p. 13; Hume, Rough Notes, p. 112 ; id. N. & E. p. 24; id. Cat. no. 21; id. S. F. xi, p. 6; Jerdon, His, 1871, p. 243; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. i, p. 95 ; Gurney, Ibis, 1875, p. 353 ; Biddulph, His, 1881, p. 40; Scully, ibid. p. 419; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 118.

Baz , Jarra , H.

Coloration. In adult birds the upper parts are brown, with a more or less ashy tint, occasionally almost ashy grey ; the crown, area behind eye, ear-coverts, and sides of neck darker, sometimes almost black; forehead, lores, long supercilia, and nuchal patch uniting them behind streaked and mixed with white ; quills brown above, whitish below, with dark bars; tail light brown or brown mottled with white above, paler below, crossed by four broad dark brown bars and tipped buffy white; lower parts white, with blackish shafts and brown bars, which become narrower and more numerous in older birds; lower tail-coverts white unbarred.

Young birds are brown above, most of the feathers edged or tipped with buffy white ; crown, nape, and hind-neck with broad buff or pale rufous edges ; quills as in the adult, but with the barring more distinct above; tail with 5 dark cross-bars and tipped with buff; lower parts buff or pale rufous, with brown longitudinal oval spots, each having a black shaft-line in the middle. Nestlings are covered with pure white down.

Length of female 24 ; tail 11; wing 14 ; tarsus 3-3: of a male— length 20; tail 9.5; wing 12.5; tarsus 3.2.

Bill bluish horny; cere yellow, with a greenish tinge; iris and legs yellow.

Distribution. Europe generally; Northern and Central Asia. The Goshawk is found throughout the Himalayas, but not at low elevations except occasionally in winter. Hume obtained a specimen from the Khasi hills. Jerdon thought he had seen this bird on the Nilgiris, but it has not since been observed there or elsewhere in the Indian Peninsula.

Habits, &c. The Goshawk keeps to woods, and preys on pheasants, partridges, pigeons, and other birds and on small mammals. It breeds on trees in the Himalayas from March till June, making a large circular nest of coarse twigs, and laying 3 or 4 eggs, usually nearly pure white, but occasionally spotted or blotched.

The hen Goshawk is the favourite Hawk for sporting in India; many are brought from the Himalayas and Central Asia and trained to strike Houbara bustard, duck, bares, and sometimes partridges. It is flown from the hand, and flies directly at the quarry.





(1800) Astur gentilis gentilis.

 

The Goshawk.

Falco gentilis Linn., Syst. Nat., 10th ed. i, p. 89 (1758) (Dalecar-lian Alps). Astur palumbarius. Blanf. & Oates, iii, p. 397 (part.).

Vernacular names. Baz ,Jarra (Hind.).

Description. Edge of forehead, lores and supercilium white streaked with blackish : crown, sides of head and neck and nape ashy-black, the last much mottled with white where the white bases of the dark feathers show through ; upper plumage ashy-brown ; quills browner, the under surface whiter and the inner webs mottled with white and barred with darker brown bars, obsolete on the inner secondaries; tail dark ashy-brown, the central feathers with dark patches in the middle and the outer feathers mottled with white and with dark brown bars on the inner webs ; below pure white with narrow dark brown bars, the feathers of the chin, throat and breast dark-shafted.

Colours of soft parts. Iris golden-yellow ; bill dark plumbeous-slate, paler at the base and often yellow on the gape ; cere yellow, greenish above ; legs and feet yellow, claws black.

Measurements. , wing 305 to 330 mm. ; tail 210 to 230 mm.; tarsus 70 to 78 mm.; culmen 21 to 24 mm. wing 340 to 375 mm. (Witherby.)

Young birds have the upper parts light brown, each feather edged with whitish; the crown, neck and sides of the head with broad white or pale buff edges, making these parts much paler than the back; tail pale mottled brown with four or five broad bands of dark brown, edged whitish ; wing-quills more barred than m the adults, the bars extending also to the outer webs ; below pale buff or pale rufous boldly streaked throughout with dark brown.

Distribution. Europe to Western Siberia, Asia Minor and Palestine. In Winter South to Northern Africa and into the North-Western Himalayas.

Nidification. In Europe the Goshawk builds its own nest high up on trees, adding to it every year so that it eventually becomes an immense affair. It is built entirely of sticks, some small and some very large and is lined and edged with smaller twigs. The eggs, two to four in number, rarely five, are white or bluish-white, very rarely faintly marked with blotches of pale reddish. One hundred eggs average 58.0 x 45.2 mm. (Witherby). The breeding-season is April and May but D. Meinertzhagen took fresh eggs as late as the middle of June in Finland.

Habits. The Goshawk is a bird of forests and well-wooded districts, of powerful flight and great courage. It feeds on hares, rabbits, squirrels, game-birds of all kinds, as well as on rats, mice and small birds. It watches for its game from a fixed perch, whence it launches forth on its prey. Its call is a loud squeal or scream and it also has a short quick note which Hartert syllabifies as " gyak, gyak, gyak."





(1801) Astur gentilis schvedowi.

 

The Eastern Goshawk.

Astur palumbarius schvedowi Menzb., Orn. Georg. Eur. Buss, in Mem., p. 439 (188.2) (Transbaikalia) Astur palumbarius. Blanf. & Oates, iii, p. 397 (part.).

Vernacular names. Baz , Jarra (Hind.).

Description. Similar to the Common Goshawk but much darker, purer grey above, with very little or no tinge of brown except on the wing-quills.

Colours of soft parts as in the preceding bird.

Measurements. wing 290 to 323 mm.; 353 to 362 mm. A fine female obtained by La Touche in Chihli had a wing of 35S mm.

Young birds not distinguishable from those of A. g. gentilis.

Distribution. Northern and Central Asia from Transbaikalia to Japan, South to the Himalayas, the Tibetan plateau and the North-West Chinese ranges. In Winter Northern India, Burma and China.

Nidification. The Eastern Goshawk breeds from Japan to the Western Himalayas. Thompson told Hume "that they breed from March to June, building on trees a large circular nest of coarse twigs in which they lay three or four nearly pure white eggs. They confine themselves peculiarly to the interior of the deep, precipitous, woody valleys, lying close to the snowy peaks." Whymper found a nest with young during the end of March in the Garhwal hills, curiously enough, at an elevation of under 3,000 feet. The female Goshawk attacked a man most bravely who was sent up to look into the nest and was with great difficulty kept away, nearly knocking him out of the tree in one of her dashes. Two eggs brought to Hume by a native but believed to be authentic measure 55.9 x 45.3 and 55.3 x 43.1 mm. This Hawk breeds in Assam, as I once had a young one brought to me said to have been caught at 7,000 feet but we never found a nest.

Habits. Those of the species. In India they seem to feed much on various kinds of pheasants and pigeons.





Astur gentilis Linn.

 

Astur gentilis gentilis Linn.

 

Falco gentilis Linn., Syst. Nat., 10th ed., vol. i, p. 89, Jan. 1758: Sweden, Europe.

Falco palumbarius Linn., Syst. Nat., 12th ed., vol. i, p. 130, 1760.

Falco albescens Boddaert, Tabl. Pl. Enlum., p. 25, 1783. Falco dubius Sparrm., Mus. Carls., pl. 76, 1787.

Falco gallinarius Gmelin, Syst. Nat., vol. i, pt. i, p. 266, 1788. Falco naevius id., ibid.

Falco marginatus Lath., Ind. Orn., vol. i, p. 26, 1790. Falco incertus id., ibid., p. 32, 1790.

Accipiter astur Pallas. Zoogr. Rosso-Asiat., vol. i, p. 367, 1808.

Astur indicus Gray, Zool. Misc., p. 81, 1844.

Astur brachyrhynchus Brehm, Naumannia, 1855, p. 269.

Astur paradoxus id., ibid.





Astur gentilis schvedowi Menzbier.

 

Astur palumbarius schvedowi Menzbier, Mem. Sci. Univ. Imp. Moscow Hist. Nat., 1882, p. 439 : Transvaal.

Astur caesius Buturlin, Orn. Monatsb., 1907, p. 80: Kolyma.

Astur palumbarius khamensis Bianchi, Bull. B. O. C, vol. xvi, p. 70, 1906: Kham, Tibet.





Museum Collections


No Data Avialbale for Accipiter gentilis

Sound/Call


9 calls found for Accipiter gentilis



Remarks:
Call Type: Call (A)


Remarks:
Call Type: Call (A)


Remarks:
Call Type: call (A)


Remarks: Male in Spruce forest
Call Type: call (B)


Remarks: Ssp: atricapillus. calls from a female bird near a nest
Call Type: call (A)


Remarks: Young begging
Call Type: Call (B)


Remarks: Ssp: atricapillus. Recorded as bird made a pass about 20 ft from the mic.
Call Type: Call (A)


Remarks: Ssp: atricapillus. calls from a female bird near a nest
Call Type: call (A)


Remarks: Ssp: atricapillus. calls from a female bird near a nest
Call Type: call (A)

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Cite this website along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2014 Accipiter gentilis - Linnaeus, 1758 (Northern Goshawk ) in Deomurari, A.N. (Compiler), 2010. AVIS-IBIS (Avian Information System - Indian BioDiversity Information System) v. 1.0. Foundation For Ecological Security, India retrieved on 04/13/2014
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