Basal-Area Growth and Reproductive Responses of Thurber Needlegrass and Squirreltail to Weed Control and Nitrogen Fertilization

Publication Type:Journal Article
Year of Publication:1982
Authors:Eckert, Jr., RE, Spencer, JS
Journal:Journal of Range Management
Date Published:1982
ISBN Number:0022409X
Keywords:Corvidae, Corvus, Corvus corone
Abstract:Effects of weed control and added nitrogen were evaluated in terms of basal area growth, number of reproductive culms, seed yields, and test weight and germination of seed from individual plants of squirreltail (Sitanion hystrix) and Thurber needlegrass (Stipa thurberiana) from 1974 to 1979. Basal-area growth of Thurber needlegrass plants continued during the study period but at a reduced rate during dry years. Parts of squirreltail crowns died during dry periods. A reduction in competition by weed control and added nitrogen stimulated basal area growth of Thurber needlegrass, enhanced germination of squirreltail seed, and increased the number of reproductive culms and seed yield of both species, particularly in years of high precipitation. Germination of squirreltail was much greater than that of Thurber needlegrass. Results are discussed in relation to community ecology, range improvement practices, and seed production for commerce.
Short Title:Journal of Range Management
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith