Sykes's Nightjar - Caprimulgus mahrattensis


General Information


Caprimulgus mahrattensis

Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar
Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832)

Order : Caprimulgiformes
Family : Caprimulgidae
Taxonomic Group : Caprimulgiformes - Caprimulgidae ( Nightjars )
Vernacular Name : Baluchistan: Shapkor, Gujarat: Retalchhapo, Ran dasharadhiyu



Caprimulgus_mahrattensis_582273967.jpg Caprimulgus_mahrattensis_587709298.jpg



Taxonomy



Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar
Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Order : Caprimulgiformes Family : Caprimulgidae (Nightjars and allies)
Range : SE Iran to s Afghanistan, Pakistan and (?) nw India

This Species is Monotypic, No Subspecies


3rd Edition, 2003. Revised and Corrected per Corrigenda to December 31, 2006

Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar
Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis
SubFamily : Caprimulginae


This Species is Monotypic, No Subspecies



IOC Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar
IOC Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis

Distribution :
Region : EU Range : sc Asia
Non Breeding Range : India

Order : CAPRIMULGIFORMES Family : Caprimulgidae
Category : Nightjars



SYNOPIS NO : 674

Scientific Name: Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Common Name: Sykes's Nightjar



Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar
Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832)
Birdlife Synonym :

BirdLife Redlist Status Year 2010: LC
BirdLife Species FactSheet for Sykes's Nightjar ( Caprimulgus mahrattensis )

Taxonomy Treatment : R




IUCN Common Name (Eng) : Sykes's Nightjar
Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis (Sykes, 1832)
IUCN Redlist Species FactSheet for Sykes's Nightjar ( Caprimulgus mahrattensis )

Species : mahrattensis
Genus : Caprimulgus
Family : Caprimulgidae Order : Caprimulgiformes

IUCN RedList Status : LC

IUCN RedList Criteria Version : 3.1
IUCN RedList Year Assessed : 2008
IUCN RedList Petitioned : N



Family : CAPRIMULGIDAE

Scientific Name : Caprimulgus mahrattensis
Common Name : Sykes's Nightjar



Bibliography


Currentlly No Literature Avialable

Book Excerpts



113. Caprimulgus Mahrattensis, Sykes.

Cat. 31 - Gould, Birds of Asia, pl. - C. arenarius, Blyth -  Horsf., Cat. 135.

Sykes' Night-jar.

Descr. - Pale ashy-grey, variegated and waved with brown and ferruginous; the breast, the three outer quills in the centre, and the two lateral tail-feathers on each side, marked with white. Length 8 3/4 , tail5 1/2.

Such is Sykes' description of his species. I lately obtained a specimen of a Caprimulgus of this group from the banks of the Ganges near Caragola, which appears to be the present species, and which corresponds pretty closely with a figure of a Goat- sucker among Sir A. Burnes's drawings, from the banks of
the Indus.

The general colour of this bird is a pale sandy-grey, very sparingly spotted with black on the head ; wing-coverts, tertiaries, and scapulars, with some pale fulvous markings; the quills are brown, grey at the tip, with pale mottled fulvous bands, and a large pale fulvous spot on the first three primaries, on the inner web only of the 1st, on both webs of the 2nd and 3rd, and albescent within; tail with the centre feathers pale grey, finely vermiculated, and with a few very narrow, interrupted zigzag bands of black ; the outer tail-feathers are more or less mottled, less prominently banded with black, and with a broad fulvous tip; beneath, the prevalent tint is pale fulvous, mixed with gey mottlings, pale cross lines, and a square triangular fulvous spot on the breast; the under tail-coverts are pure pale fulvous.

Length 9 1/4 inches; wing barely 7 ; extent 22 ; tail 4 1/4 ; tarsus reddish-yellow.
Sykes's specimens were found on the Western Ghats; and according to Horsfield it is also found in Afghanistan. Bonaparte erroneously puts my Indicus, or rather Kelaarti, as synonymous with Sykes's Mahrattensis.
4th Group. -  Both the outer tail-feathers entirely white, and the tarsus naked.




Caprimulgus mahrattensis, Sykes.

 

113. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 198; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 455 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 381; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 107.

Sykes Night-jar.

Length, 8.75 to 9.5; wing, 6.75 to 7; tail, 4.5 to 5.5.

Pale ashy-grey, variegated and waved with brown and ferruginous ; the breast, the three outer quills in the centre, and the two lateral tail feathers on each side marked with white. This Night-jar occurs pretty well throughout the district, and is a permanent resident at all events in Sind, where it breeds in February and March, laying two eggs, upon the bare ground.





Caprimulgus mahrattensis, Sykes. 
Sykes's Nightjar.


Caprimulgus mahrattensis, Sykes, Jerd. B. Ind. i, p. 197; Hume, Cat. no. 113.

Colonel Butler writes regarding this species:- " Mr. Doig found two nests in the E. Narra, Sind, on the 2nd May, 1878, containing fresh eggs. On revisiting the place on the 22nd July, our men found three or four more nests containing fresh eggs.   The nest simply consists of a slight depression in the ground, usually in low thick tamarisk-jungle on Kulher (salt) ground. The eggs, two in number, remind one more of the eggs of Pterocles exustus than any other eggs I know, but the markings are of a more marbled character. The ground-colour is greyish white, blotched, or perhaps marbled would be a better word, with primary markings of greyish or greenish olive, and secondary markings of pale inky grey. Some eggs are much more distinctly marked than others, but they all fade to a certain extent after they are blown.

" Mr. Doig had fresh eggs brought to him also on the 22nd and 28th June."

Mr. Scrope Doig writes from the Eastern Narra in Sind; -  "This Nightjar is the only permanent resident of the genus in these districts; G. unwini appears in September, as a migrant, but stays for a very short period. The eggs of C. mahrattensis are always two in number, of a light pale stone ground-colour, with large blotches of neutral tint; these latter fade considerably after the egg is blown. The nest, which is merely a slight hollow scraped in the ground, is nearly always situated on a bare piece of kulher ground, sometimes under a small bunch of grass, at others under a dry bramble, or at times right out in the open without any attempt at concealment. The size of the eggs varies from 1.1 to 1.2 in length, and from 0.75 to 0.85 in breadth, the average of twelve eggs being 1.13 in length and 0.8 in width."

He adds:- " On the 20th November, 1878, one of my men said he found a nest containing two eggs of this Nightjar, but that unfortunately, while crossing a bit of salt ground, he fell and broke them. The same man has before got me eggs of this bird, so that I conclude he really got them. It seems an unusual time for them to be breeding."

The eggs of this species are moderately elongated ovals, less cylindrical than those of many of its congeners, and more or less pointed towards the small end. The shell is extremely fine and smooth, and has a decided gloss; the ground-colour is greyish white, marbled and blotched with very pale grey or greyish lilac, and over this more or less spotted and blotched with pale sepia-brown, in some cases extremely pale and with the least possible olivaceous tinge.

The extent and intensity of these primary brown markings vary very much in every specimen; they are pale in all, but in some they are barely traceable. In some eggs the grey markings occupy the greater portion of the surface of the egg, in others the groundcolour has the faintest ivory tinge.

Numerous eggs measure from 1.08 to 1.21 in length by 0.76 to 0.85 in breadth.




974. Caprimulgus mahrattensis (Sykes),

 

Jerd. in. Lid. Orn. p. 24 pl. ; Gould, B. Asia ; Jerd., i. p. 197, No. 113; Hume, Str. F. i, 167 ; iii. pp. 206, 381, 455 ; iv- PP. 254, 501 ; vii. p. 1.81; viii. p. 372; ix. p. 381.; Murray, Hdbk., Zool., &c., Sind„p. 127, -

Sykes' Night-Jar.
 

General colour pale sandy-grey, variegated with pencillings of dusky and ferruginous; head very sparingly streaked and spotted; breast with a white spot; wing coverts, scapulars and tertiaries with buffy spots ; primaries with a white spot on the outer webs of the three exterior feathers, mottled grey at the tip and with fulvous bands ; tail pale grey ; the central feathc rs finely vermiculated; the rest with zigzag pencillings or bands of black''; tipped fulvous and spotted on the two lateral feathers with white , under tail coverts fulvous.

Length. - 8.75 to 9.5 inches ; wing 6.75 to 7 ; tail 4.5 to 5.

Hab. - India generally and Ceylon. A permanent resident in Sind, breeding on the plains in February and March. A resident also of Kutch, Kattiawar, N. Guzerat and Jodhpore. Occurs in the Punjab (Dera Ghazi Khan), Beloochistan and the Deccan





1089. Caprimulgus mahrattensis.

 

Sykes's Nightjar.

Caprimulgus mahrattensis, Sykes, P. Z. S. 1832, p. 83; id. J. A. S. B. iii, p. 422; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 114; Blyth, Ibis, 1862, pp. 304, 386; Jerdon, B. I. i, p. 197; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xii, pt. 2, p. 232 ; Hayes Lloyd, Ibis, 1873, p. 406; Hume, S. F. i, p. 167; iii, p. 455; id. Cat. no. 113 ; C. H. T. & G. F. L. Marshall, S. F. iii, p. 331; Fairbank, S. F. iv, p. 254; Blanford, Fast. Pers. ii, p. 128 ; Butler, S. F. vii, p. 181; ix, p. 381; Doig, S. F. viii, p. 372 ; Barnes, Birds Bom. p. 92; id. Jour. Bom. N. H. Soc. iv, p. 8, pi. fig. 113 (egg); Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. iii, p. 49; Hartert, Cat. B. M. xvi, p. 561. Caprimulgus arenarius, Blyth, J. A. 8. B. xv, p. 21 (1846).

Coloration. Male. General tint of the upper parts sandy grey, mottled and vermiculated with but few and small black streaks and spots, none on the back, whilst those on the head and scapulars consist of transverse spots, each produced in the middle down the shaft of a feather, the rest of the feather buff; sometimes there is a collar of buff spots, but this is often inconspicuous; much buff on the wing-coverts ; a large white spot on the middle of the first three primaries ; middle tail-feathers pale buffy grey, with distinct but very broken and irregular blackish cross bars ; two outermost pairs with pure white ends 1 1/4-11/2 inches long; lower parts fulvous grey with dusky mottling, a white spot on the throat, and the abdomen distinctly barred; lower tail-coverts buff, without bars.

The female has the white tips to the outer rectrices shorter than in the male, and often sullied and mottled; the spots on the primaries are generally buff.

Legs and feet pale fleshy brown; claws black; bill and irides dark brown (Hume).

Length about 9; tail 4.2 ; wing 7 ; tarsus, only feathered at the base, .8.

Distribution. Throughout North-western India, extending westward to Afghanistan and Baluchistan, eastward to Upper Bengal (Jerdon obtained a specimen near Caragola, south of Purneah) and south to Belgaum, but rare except in Sind and the neighbouring provinces.

Habits, &c. This Nightjar is chiefly met with on sandy ground. It breeds in Sind about May and June, and perhaps at other seasons. The eggs are pale grey or greyish lilac, spotted and blotched with pale sepia-brown, and measure about 1.13 by .80.





(1628) Caprimulgus mahrattensis.

 

Sykes's Nightjar.

Caprimulgus mahrattenssis Sykes, P. Z. S., 1S32, p. 83 (Mahrattas); Blanf. & Oates, iii, p. 184.

Vernacular names. Chippak, Chappa (Hind.).

Description. - Male. Whole upper plumage, wings and tail sandy-grey, finely vermiculated with wavy bars of light brown ; on the head, scapulars and, sometimes, the lower back are a few small arrow-heads of black and on the scapulars a few broader bars of black with spots of pale buff; wing-quills brownish-black, mottled at the tips and with a broad band of white across the centre of the first four; in some the white is obsolete on the outer web of the first and on the fourth primary; tail barred with black and with broad white tips to the outer two pairs; a small white patch on the throat; chin, breast and upper flanks vermiculated fulvous, grey and brown changing to fulvous with narrow bars of black on the abdomen, axillaries and under wing-coverts; vent and under tail-coverts pale fulvous.

Some specimens show a hind collar of fulvous markings, in some this is only indicated and in others quite absent.

Colours of soft parts. Iris dark brown; bill brown, pinkish at the base, commissure and gape; legs and feet pale fleshy-brown with black claws.

Measurements. Wing 157 to 173 mm.; tail 100 to 104 mm.; tarsus about 18 mm.; culmen about 7 to 8 mm.

Female. Similar to the male but with the wing-spots smaller and tinged with fulvous and the tail-spots fulvous and often a little vermiculated with brown.

Distribution. Sind, Afghanistan, Baluehistan and North-West India, straggling as far East as Purnea in Western Bengal.

Nidification. Sykes's Nightjar breeds in Sind, Baluchistan and the North-West Frontier from March to June, laying two eggs either on bare, or nearly bare, patches of ground in the cultivated districts or on sandy and stony desert ground with little or no cover beyond a few stunted tamarisk bushes. Rattray took many eggs on the Afghan frontier laid on absolutely bare stony hillsides and these he says, although sometimes more or less sheltered by rocks, were never under bushes. The eggs are easily distinguishable from all other Indian Nightjars', being white in ground-colour, marbled densely all over with light grey so that practically no ground shows at all. On the other hand, they have no marks which stand out more boldly or richly than the others. Twenty-two eggs average 28.7 x 21.1 mm.: maxima 30.5 x 21.9 and 28.9 x 2.20 mm.; minima 27.4 x 20.4 and 28.1 x 20.3 mm.

Habits. This Nightjar is very common in Sind, extending thence through the drier hotter parts of the North-West, being common as far as Ferozepore where Betham found it breeding freely. It is found in the most sandy and desert country but is more numerous in partly cultivated land. Bell describes its call as " a continuous soft purring note, softer and in a higher key than that of Turnix pugnax, while when disturbed it utters a cluck-cluck." Like all Nightjars it is said to sometimes perch on trees.





Caprimulgus mahrattensis Sykes.

 

Caprimulgus mahrattensis Sykes, P. Z. S., 1832, p. S3 : Mahrattas, Dukhun.

Caprimulgus asiaticus minor Parrot, Orn. Monatsb., 1907, p. 170: Ceylon.





Museum Collections


Number of Museum Specimen Records Found : 8 for Caprimulgus mahrattensis

No. Museum Species Collection Deatils Collector Date of Collection Record Locality GBIF Portal Link
1Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard UniversityCaprimulgus mahrattensisMCZ BIRDS 157656Ticehurst, C. B.1919-10-08 00:00:00.0SpecimenSibi Baluchistan Pakistan Asia Minor Southern Asia Link
2University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 77663Koelz, Walter N1934-02-02 00:00:00.0SpecimenKhinjar Lake Sind Pakistan Southern Asia Link
3University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 77664Koelz, Walter N1934-02-03 00:00:00.0SpecimenKhinjar Lake Sind Pakistan Southern Asia Link
4University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 77665Koelz, Walter N1934-02-10 00:00:00.0SpecimenKhinjar Lake Sind Pakistan Southern Asia Link
5University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 77666Koelz, Walter N1934-02-26 00:00:00.0SpecimenKhinjar Lake Sind Pakistan Southern Asia Link
6University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 77574Koelz, Walter N1934-02-27 00:00:00.0SpecimenKhinjar Lake Sind Pakistan Southern Asia Link
7Santa Barbara Museum of Natural HistoryCaprimulgus mahrattensisSBMNH AV 97021935-05-13 00:00:00.0SpecimenCharikar; Kodiman Parvan Afghanistan Southern Asia Link
8University of Michigan Museum of ZoologyCaprimulgus mahrattensisUMMZ Bird 142598RupChand, Thakur1946-11-14 00:00:00.0SpecimenBheraghat Central Provinces India Southern Asia Link

Biodiversity occurrence data provided by: (Accessed through GBIF Data Portal, 2009-08-06)


Data Providers
  • Museum of Comparative Zoology, Harvard University ( 1 Records )

  • Santa Barbara Museum of Natural History ( 1 Records )

  • University of Michigan Museum of Zoology ( 6 Records )


Sound/Call


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Cite this website along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2014 Caprimulgus mahrattensis - Sykes, 1832 (Sykes's Nightjar ) in Deomurari, A.N. (Compiler), 2010. AVIS-IBIS (Avian Information System - Indian BioDiversity Information System) v. 1.0. Foundation For Ecological Security, India retrieved on 07/25/2014
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