596. Oreoeincla dauma neilghiriensis

(596) Oreocincla dauma neilghiriensis Blyth.
Oreocincla dauma nilgiriensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. ii, p. 159.
Oreocincla dauma neilghiriensis, ibid. vol. viii, p. 625.
The Nilgiri Mountain-Thrush is found breeding in practically all the mountains of Southern India from the Nilgiris to Central Travancore, keeping above 2,000 feet and generally above 4,000, whence it is found up to the highest summits. Rhodes Morgan obtained several nests on the Nilgiri Hills, and Terry found one built in low trees in well-wooded sholas between 6 and 15 feet from the ground. Later Cardew and Howard Campbell took a good many nests and Betham also secured one or two. All describe the nests as being built between 5 and 20 feet (Betham) from the ground on trees standing well back from the edge of sholas. Usually they are placed in upright forks, but Betham describes one as built in the fork of a horizontal branch. The nest is a bulky but fairly compact cup measuring, according to Terry, “3.75 inches across and 1.75 inches deep inside, 6 inches across and 3 inches deep outside.” These measurements are exceeded considerably by a nest taken by Betham said to be 8 inches across by 4.1/4 inches deep. The chief article used in its construction is green moss outwardly, more or less mixed with fine twigs, roots, leaves and grass ; inside this is a layer of leaves and coarse grasses and, finally, the true lining of fine roots. In the nest taken by Terry a certain amount of fern was used in the base, and doubtless this is used when convenient, just as are the other materials.
All the eggs so far recorded of which I know have been taken between the 15th May and the 11th June but Morgan says that it “breeds from March to June.”
The normal clutch of eggs seems to be two only, very rarely three being laid and, occasionally, only one. In colour they are a dull clay-brown, sometimes very faintly tinged with olive, and freckled or feebly blotched with pale reddish. As a series they differ from those of the preceding bird in being darker, duller and browner and more feebly marked. I have, however, seen but a small series, and a larger one would probably show greater variation.
Ten eggs average 32.5 x 23.2 mm. : maxima 35.1 x 23.2 and 31.4 x 23.5 mm. ; minima 30.6 x 23.3 and 32.0 x 23.0 mm.
Unlike its Himalayan cousin, the present bird is said to be very shy, hard to catch a glimpse of when on the nest, and very loth to return when once it has been disturbed.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 2. 1933.
Title in Book: 
596. Oreoeincla dauma neilghiriensis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nilgiri Small Billed Mountain Thrush
Nilgiri Thrush
Zoothera neilgherriensis
Vol. 2

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith