704. Zoothera monticola.
The Large Brown Thrash.
Zoothera monticola, Vigors, P. Z. S. 1831, p. 172; Gould, Cent. pl. xxii; Blyth, Cat. p. 160 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 192 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 509; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 33; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 49; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xlv, pt. ii, p. 72 ; Hume, Cat. no. 350. Geocichla monticola (Vig.), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 161.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage dark slaty, each feather narrowly but distinctly margined darker, giving a scaly appearance to the feathers; forehead and crown tinged with rufous; wings dark brown, the quills margined with fulvous-brown and the median and greater coverts tipped with ochraceous; sides of the head rufescent brown, with ochraceous shafts to the feathers; chin and middle of the throat white, each feather with a triangular brown tip; breast and sides of the throat dark olive-brown, with black subterminal spots, the feathers of the middle of the breast with a good deal of fulvous at their centres; abdomen white, irregularly spotted and barred with brown; under tad-coverts dark olive-brown, broadly tipped white; sides of the body dark olivaceous ; axillaries basally white, then black, and narrowly tipped white ; under wing-coverts black, tipped white; tail blackish, obsoletely cross-barred, and the outer feathers paler.
Legs and feet light brown; iris dark brown ; bill dark brown (Hume).
Length between 11 and 12 ; tail 3.5; wing 5.5; tarsus 1.3 ; bill from gape 1.8.
Distribution. The Himalayas from the Sutlej valley to the Daphla hills in Assam, where this bird is a permanent resident up to 10,000 feet.