701. Oreocincla mollissima

701. Oreocincla mollissima.

The Plain-backed Mountain-Thrush.

Turdus mollissimus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xi, p. 188 (1842). Oreocincla mollissima (Blyth), Blyth, Cat. p. 160 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 193; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 533; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 36; Hume, Cat. no. 370; id. S. F. xi, p. 132; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 108. Geocichla mollissima (Blyth), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v. p. 159.

Phanaiok-kiok-pho, Lepch.; Teliakanrim, Bhut.

Coloration. The whole upper plumage rich olive-brown; wings dark brown, the feathers all broadly edged with olive-brown, the median and greater coverts very narrowly and indistinctly tipped with fulvous; the four middle tail-feathers olive-brown, the next three pairs blackish faintly tipped with white, the outermost pair black on the basal two thirds of the inner web, olive-brown elsewhere and tipped with white ; a ring of fulvous feathers round the eye; sides of the head mingled black and fulvous ; chin, throat, breast, and sides of the body ochraceous, each feather with a terminal black band; abdomen white, with similar bands; under tail-coverts greenish brown streaked with white; axillaries white broadly tipped with black ; under wing-coverts black, broadly tipped with white.

The young after the first autumn moult appear to be tinged with rufous, and to have the spots on the wing-coverts larger than in the adult.

Legs and feet yellowish fleshy; claws horny brown ; bill dull black; base of lower mandible pale fleshy brown; iris deep brown (Hume).

Length about 11; tail 3.8 to 4.2; wing 5.5 to 6; tarsus 1.4 ; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. I have examined specimens of this Thrush from numerous localities in the Himalayas from Chamba to Darjiling, and from no other part. Godwin-Austen records it from the Khasi hills, and Hume is under the impression that he recognized this species in Manipur, but he was unable to secure a specimen.

This Thrush ascends the Himalayas up to 6000 or 8000 feet in summer, and probably descends to the lower valleys in winter.

Habits, &c. The eggs of this species are described as being white marked with two shades of red, and measuring about 1.35 by .88.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
701. Oreocincla mollissima
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
701
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
168
Common name: 
Plain Backed Mountain Thrush
M_ID: 
27058
M_CN: 
Plain-backed Thrush
M_SN: 
Zoothera mollissima
Volume: 
Vol. 2
id: 
955

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