701. Oreocincla mollissima

701. Oreocincla mollissima.

The Plain-backed Mountain-Thrush.

Turdus mollissimus, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xi, p. 188 (1842). Oreocincla mollissima (Blyth), Blyth, Cat. p. 160 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 193; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 533; Stoliczka, J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 36; Hume, Cat. no. 370; id. S. F. xi, p. 132; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 108. Geocichla mollissima (Blyth), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v. p. 159.

Phanaiok-kiok-pho, Lepch.; Teliakanrim, Bhut.

Coloration. The whole upper plumage rich olive-brown; wings dark brown, the feathers all broadly edged with olive-brown, the median and greater coverts very narrowly and indistinctly tipped with fulvous; the four middle tail-feathers olive-brown, the next three pairs blackish faintly tipped with white, the outermost pair black on the basal two thirds of the inner web, olive-brown elsewhere and tipped with white ; a ring of fulvous feathers round the eye; sides of the head mingled black and fulvous ; chin, throat, breast, and sides of the body ochraceous, each feather with a terminal black band; abdomen white, with similar bands; under tail-coverts greenish brown streaked with white; axillaries white broadly tipped with black ; under wing-coverts black, broadly tipped with white.

The young after the first autumn moult appear to be tinged with rufous, and to have the spots on the wing-coverts larger than in the adult.

Legs and feet yellowish fleshy; claws horny brown ; bill dull black; base of lower mandible pale fleshy brown; iris deep brown (Hume).

Length about 11; tail 3.8 to 4.2; wing 5.5 to 6; tarsus 1.4 ; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. I have examined specimens of this Thrush from numerous localities in the Himalayas from Chamba to Darjiling, and from no other part. Godwin-Austen records it from the Khasi hills, and Hume is under the impression that he recognized this species in Manipur, but he was unable to secure a specimen.

This Thrush ascends the Himalayas up to 6000 or 8000 feet in summer, and probably descends to the lower valleys in winter.

Habits, &c. The eggs of this species are described as being white marked with two shades of red, and measuring about 1.35 by .88.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
701. Oreocincla mollissima
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Plain Backed Mountain Thrush
Plain-backed Thrush
Zoothera mollissima
Vol. 2

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