705. Zoothera marginata.
The Lesser Brown Thrush.
Zoothera marginata, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xvi, p. 141 (1847); id. Cat. p. 160; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 192; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. ii, p. 268 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 226; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 100 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 246; Hume, Cat. no. 350 bis ; Bingham, S. F. viii, p. 195, ix, p. 177; Oates, B. B. i, p. 8; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 124 ; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 109. Zoothera monticola, Bl., apud Gadw.-Amt. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 142 (fide Wald. in Bl. Birds Burm. p. 100 n). Geocichla marginata (Blyth), Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 162,
Coloration. The whole upper plumage olive-brown tinged with rufous, especially on the outer webs of the quills, all the feathers margined darker, causing a scaly appearance; tips of the median and greater coverts ochraceous; tail brown, indistinctly cross-rayed, and the outer feathers paler; sides of the head mixed fulvous and dark brown; chin, throat, middle of breast, and abdomen white, with brown tips and margins; sides of the throat, breast, and body dark olive-brown, the feathers of the sides of the throat and upper breast with darker centres; under tail-coverts pale buff, the feathers broadly margined with olivaceous at the sides; axillaries basally white, then black; under wing-coverts basally black, and then white.
Bill very dark horny brown, lower mandible reddish from angle of gonys to base; iris dark brown; legs and feet dark brown (Hume Coll.).
Length about 10; tail 3 ; wing 4.9 ; tarsus 1.1; bill from gape 1.5.
Distribution. Sikhim; Bhutan ; the whole of the Eastern portion of the Empire from the Brahmaputra river to the extreme south of Tenasserim. This species is probably a permanent resident throughout its range.
Habits, &c. Mr. Gammie found the nest of this Thrush in Sikhim at the end of May—a cup composed of moss and fibres and placed on a low branch of a tree. The eggs were three in number, and one of these is described by Hume as being very pale greenish white much marked with ferruginous-brown and pinky purple. It measured 1.05 by .79.