339. Yuhina gularis gularis

(339) Yuhina gularis gularis Hodgs.
THE NEPAL STRIPE-THROATED YUHINA.
Yuhina gularis gularis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 317.
The distribution of this Babbler stretches from Nepal to Eastern Assam, North of the Brahmapootra. It is probably a breeder at high elevations, but there is very little authentic on record about its nidification. Stevens, referring to Sikkim, writes :— “3,800' (Shaw), a remarkable record in altitude, up to 10,000 feet on the Singile La Ridge, numerous at Kalo Pokhari at 10,000 feet in March.” Its normal lowest elevation is probably round about 6,000 feet.
It is a bird of forests ; Jerdon says of Pine forests, but Masson also found it breeding in dense evergreen forests.
Hume’s summary of Hodgson’s notes on its breeding is as follows :—“ The Stripe-throated Yuhina breeds from April to July, building a large massive nest of moss, lined with moss-roots, and wedged into a fork of a branch or between ledges of rocks, more or less globus. in shape, and with a circular aperture near the top on one side. A nest taken on the 19th July, near Darjiling, was quite egg-shaped, the long diameter being perpendicular to the ground and measured 6 inches in height and 4 inches in breadth, the aperture, 2 inches in diameter, being well above the middle of the nest ; the cavity was lined with fine moss-roots. The eggs are figured as rather elongated ovals, 0.8 x 0.56, with a pale buffy or cafe-au-lait ground-colour, thickly spotted with red or brownish- red, the markings forming a confluent zone about the large end.”
The above may or may not be correct, but eggs and nest are utterly unlike one sent me by Masson, taken above Darjiling at about 9,000 feet on the 4th May. This nest is a cradle of roots, well interlaced and put together but looking very fragile. The lining is of finer roots and rachides. The nest had been attached to the pendent roots of plants sticking through an overhanging bank. The bird, unfortunately, was shot at and missed. The four eggs the nest contained are rather like those of Yuhina nigri¬mentum, which are known beyond all doubt, but bear no resemblance whatsoever to those described by Hodgson. The ground-colour is a dingy grey-green, and they are speckled freely with dark reddish-brown, the markings coalescing to form broad rings or caps at the extreme larger end. The texture is brittle and glossless and the eggs measure between 17.0 x 12.3 and 17.5 x 12.8 mm.
* The status of this bird has undergone rapid and frequent changes. In 1923 Rothschild, in ‘Novitates Zoologicae,’ came to the conclusion that ampelina could not possibly be distinguished from the typical form, basing his assumption on the examination of a series of skins considerably greater than that originally available, though all, apparently, in worn plumage. Later Forrest obtained a further fine lot of skins in fresh plumage and Rothschild then decided that, when fresh and in perfect condition, the two forms were quite easily separable (see Nov. Zool. vol. xxxiii, p. 277, 1926).

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
339. Yuhina gularis gularis
Spp Author: 
Hodgs.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
339
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
296
Common name: 
Stripe Throated Yuhina
M_ID: 
25381
M_SN: 
Yuhina gularis gularis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
Term name: 
id: 
13532

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