341. Yuhina diademata ampelina

(341) Yuhina diademata ampelina Rippon .
Yuhina diademata ampelina, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 318.
Yuhina diademata, ibid. vol. viii, p. 608.
Now that it is accepted that ampelina is a good subspecies, its area must be restricted to Yunnan, the Kachin Hills and Bhamo Hills, breeding from 5,500 feet at Sinlum Kaba probably up to 13,000, Lichiang, where it was obtained by Forrest.
Harington was the first collector to take the nest but, unfortu¬nately, only gives a very brief description of its nidification :— “I found several nests during my stay in the hills [Bhamo Hills], the first on the 16th April. All the nests I found were placed in bramble bushes within three to four feet of the ground, and were very flimsy affairs, being quite transparent, and were made entirely of black roots. Two seemed to be the usual complement of eggs ; I only found one nest with three.”
Later, other nests were taken by Pershouse and Grant in the same hills near Sinlum Kaba, and the former, in sending me nests and eggs, gives a rather fuller description of them than Harington does. He writes:—“Nests cup-shaped, made of grass, rootlets, and tendrils with a few pieces of bracken ; the outside is more or less covered with moss and spider-webs whilst the lining is of fern-stems and coarse black hair. One nest was placed between several dead upright brambles, about two feet from the ground, among long coarse grass, brambles, bracken etc. The nest measured about 4" x2.1/4" outwardly and 3" x 1.1/2" inwardly.” In a letter he adds :—“ The coarse black hair appears to be maidenhair fern rachae, whereas the rest of the nest is a dark reddish-brown, con¬trasting strongly.”
Other nests taken all agree very closely with those described above.
This species seems to breed from early April to the end of May. Grant took a nest with a complete clutch of eggs on the 10th of April, whilst Harington took one with two fresh eggs on the 30th May. Both these nests were taken at Sinlum Kaba, 5,500 feet altitude.
The eggs are, as Harington says, very like small eggs of the Magpie-Robin, without any gloss. The ground is a soft grey-green, blotched freely all over with fairly large-sized markings of brown. These are always more numerous at the larger end, but in very few eggs form definite caps. In some eggs the marks are smaller, more spots than blotches, and in these they are generally more numerous. In texture the eggs are fine and soft but have no gloss, in fact the texture is similar to that of the eggs of Fulvetta. In shape they are rather long, narrow ovals but blunt, not compressed at the smaller end.
Twenty-two eggs average 20.5 x 14.9 mm. : maxima 21.8 x 15.0 and 19.6 x 15.7 mm. ; minima 19.6 x 15.7 and 20.0 x 14.2 mm.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
341. Yuhina diademata ampelina
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Rippon's Yuhina
Yuhina diademata ampelina
Vol. 1
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith