Lobivanellus indicus, Bodd.
855. :- L. goensis, Gm. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 648 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 14 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 427; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 229; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India; Ibis, 1885, p. 133.
THE RED-WATTLED LAPWING.
Tituri, Hin. –
Length, 12.8 ; expanse, 30; wing, 9.5 ; tail, 4.5 ; tarsus, 3 ; bill at front, 1.4.
Bill red, tipped black ; eyelids and wattles lake-red; irides red-brown ; legs bright yellow.
Head, back of neck, face, chin, throat, and breast, glossy black; ear-coverts white, continued in a stripe down the sides of the neck and round to the nape; back, scapulars, wing-coverts,, and tertiaries, pale brownish-green, the wing-coverts glossed with purple ; a white band on the wing formed by the greater-coverts and partly by the secondaries ; primaries and most of the secondaries black; winglet black; tail white with a black band near the tip, the central feathers tipped brown; beneath from the breast white.
The Red-wattled Lapwing is a common permanent resident throughout the region.
It breeds from March to August, but April, May, and June are the favorite months. The eggs are laid in a small depression on the ground, are always four in number, and are of the typical Plover type, broad at one end, and much pointed towards the other. The ground color varies from a pale olive-green to a reddish-buff; the markings are deep brown or black, and there are spots, clouds and blotches, distributed more or less thickly over the whole surface, and besides this, there are often underlying clouds and spots of pale inky-purple.
They average 1.64 inches in length by about 1.2 in breadth.