Upupa epops, Lin.
254. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 390; Butler, Guzerat Stray Feathers, Vol. III, p. 462 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 391; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind; p. 120; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India Ibis, 1885, p. 64.
THE EUROPEAN HOOPOE.
Length, 12 to 12.5; wing, 5.5; tail, 4 ; tarsus, 0.8; bill at front, 1.75 to 2.
Bill black; reddish at base; irides red-brown; legs brownish: black.
Head, with the feathers of .the crest, pale cinnamon-rufous, tipped with black, and with a white space between the black and rufous on the median and posterior feathers; hind-neck, ;sides of neck, interscapulars, and shoulders of the wings, pale fawn, passing into brownish-ashy; the middle of the back banded white and black; the upper tail-coverts white at the base, ended with black; wings black; the coverts black, with two large white bars ; the primary quills with a white spot or bar near the tip, on the first on the inner web only, on the others upon both webs; the secondaries and tertiaries with three, and finally four, white bands; tail with a broad white oblique band, about the middle; beneath the chin whitish; the throat and breast pale rufous-fawn, ashy on the sides of the breast; abdomen white, with black streaks and dashes ; under tail-coverts white.
The European Hoopoe is a common cold weather visitant, throughout our limits.