Upupa ceylonensis, Reich.
255. :- Upupa nigripennis, Gould. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. I, p. 392; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Fathers, Vol. III, p. 462 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 391.
THE INDIAN HOOPOE.
Length, 10.5 ; expanse, 18 ; wing, 5 to 5.5 ; tail, 4 ; tarsus, 0.87; bill at front, 1.8.
Bill blackish, paler at base ; irides brown ; legs dusky-plumbeous.
Very similar to the last, but smaller, and distinguished by the generally-darker hue of the rufous of the head and crest, and there is no white on the crest, the white wing-bands being also smaller and less conspicuous; the hind-neck and interscapulars are deeper rufous, inclining to brown and less to ashy ; the rump is dusky-black, with a downy-white ending to the feathers; the chin is rufous, and this color extends along the abdomen to the vent with only a few dusky streaks on the lower abdomen; vent and under tail-coverts white.
With the. exception of Sind, the Indian Hoopoe is a not uncommon permanent resident throughout the district.
They nest from February to May, in holes in trees, banks, or walls under the rafters of houses, and such like places ; the eggs are five or six in number, and are of a pale greyish-blue color, sometimes olive-brown or dingy olive-green and intermediate shades; In shape, they are lengthened ovals, occasionally pointed at both lends. They measure 0.97 inches in length by 0.66 in breadth.