Tail rounded, of eighteen feathers. Males have an inflatable air-sac and an elongated tuft of feathers on each side of neck. Three species.
T. americanus. Male 16 1/2". Female 16". The Prairie Hen. Above barred brown and black. Below barred black and white. Neck-feathers three inches long, the longer ones parallel-edged with rounded tips. Chest feathers white with two brown bars. Outer tail black, tipped white.— Female: Ear-tufts short and outer tail barred rufous. In migration the females only are believed to change their quarters. Mississippi. Eleven to fourteen eggs, buff, faintly dotted brown.
T. cupido. The Heath-Hen, similar to T. americanus, but smaller. Longer feathers of ear-tufts lanceolate and pointed. Massachusetts.
T. pallidicinctus. The Lesser Prairie-Hen, Longer feathers of ear-tufts parallel-edged with square tips. Chest-feathers white with three brown bars. S.W. Kansas and Texas.