Turnix joudera, Hodgs.
834. :- T. dussumieri, Tem. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 599 ; Butler, Guzerat; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 8 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 424; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 216 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 187 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, p. 132.
THE LARGE BUTTON QUAIL.
Length, 5.87 to 6.12 ; expanse, 10.0 to 11.0 ; wings, 3.0 to 3.25 ; tail, 1.12 to 1.5 ; tarsus, 0.8; bill from gape, 0.62 to 0.69 ; weight, 1 2/16 to 1 5/16 oz.
Bill yellow, dusky on culmen and at tip ; hides yellowish-white ; legs deep yellow.
Crown light brown, with blackish margins to the feathers ; a central stripe on the crown ; the supercilia and ear-coverts light fulvescent ; nape bright ferruginous ; back ashy-brown, tending to rufous, the feathers with dark cross bars, most marked on the lower back and rump ; scapulars and some of the nearest dorsal plumes with edgings of creamy-yellow; wing-coverts light sandy-brown, with a small black spot near the tip which is margined with pale yellowish ; quills earthy-brown, the primaries narrowly edged with yellowish-white ; chin and upper part of throat white ; the rest of the lower parts ferruginous, deepest on the breast and upper part of the abdomen.
The Large Button Quail is uncommon, but occurs in Sind, Guzerat, Rajputana, Kutch, and portions of the Deccan ; it is; however, very rare in the latter. It breeds during July and August ; the nest, composed of blades of grass, being partially dome-shaped, and is placed at the foot of a tuft of coarse grass, (I have occasionally found the nest unsheltered). The eggs, four in number, are peg-top shape, yellowish-white in color, thickly speckled, spotted, and blotched with brownish-black, and occasional markings of inky-purple and dingy-yellow, the whole tending to form a cap or zone at the larger end.
They measure 0.87 inches in length by 0.75 in breadth.