12. THE NICOBAR BUTTON-QUAIL.
Turnix albiventris, Hume.
No bars across the breast. Tail-feathers plain, not margined, the middle pair neither lengthened nor pointed.
With a considerable amount of bright rufous on the upper plumage. Wing of male about 3 ; of female about 3 1/4- Inhabits the Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
MALE :—Without a rufous collar.
FEMALE :—With a rufous collar.
Vernacular Name:— Moot, Nicobarese.
The Nicobar Button-Quail occurs in the Nicobar Islands, where it was observed by Mr. Hume's party in the islands of Bompoka, Camorta and Tiressa; and in the Andaman Islands, where specimens were obtained at Port Blair and at Port Mouat in the South Andaman.
Mr. Hume observes that this Quail is never found in the forest, only in the open grassy uplands which constitute the distinctive character of the scenery of the Nicobars, or in gardens or cultivation surrounded by, or adjacent to, these."
Nothing has yet been ascertained about the nesting of this Quail.
The male and female of this species resemble respectively the male and female of the Indian Button-Quail, but the rufous of the upper plumage is very bright; the foreneck and middle of the breast in both sexes together with the collar of the female are rather bright chestnut.
Length about 6 ; wing of female about 3 1/4; wing of male about 3 ; tail rather more than 1 ; legs yellow; irides whitish; bill more or less yellow. Weight up to if oz.