2005. Turnix tanki tanki

(2005) Turnix tanki tanki Blyth.
The Indian LARGER Button-Quail.
Turnix maculatus tanki, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed* vol. v, p. 454.
This Button-Quail is found over the greater part of India but does not occur in Ceylon. It appears to be only a straggler into the Punjab during the rainy season. It is found throughout Bombay and North-West Provinces and thence everywhere East to Eastern Bengal and Assam, North of the Brahmapootra and West of the Dibong. South of the former and East of the latter river it is replaced by the next bird. South, Bourdillon found it breeding in South Travancore ; I have had birds and eggs sent from Mysore and also from Tinevelly in the South Madras Presidency. I do not think it occurs anywhere in the districts of Bengal East of the Bay, where it is replaced by blanfordi.
This bird breeds, generally speaking, after the rains break in June and most lay during August and September and on to November. A few birds lay .at other times. Bourdillon took eggs on the 3rd January ; there are some of Hume’s eggs in the British Museum taken in April and I have taken them in Tezpur in May and June. In Bihar, although Coltart and Inglis have taken eggs occasionally in the first half of the year, the vast majority of Quail breed from July to October.
I think these Button-Quails prefer wide stretches of grass-land to any other kind of country for breeding purposes but their nests have been found in all the different types of cover already enumerated.
* Peters (‘Check list,’ vol. ii, 1034) shows that maculatus is a synonym of maculosa (‘Avifauna Timor,’ 1914, p. 94) and, therefore, cannot be used.
The nest is quite typical and varies from no nest beyond a scrape to the well-made, semi-domed affair already described.
The eggs are also quite typical in all their variations and call for no further remark.
Sixty eggs average 22.8 x 17.9 mm. : maxima 24.4 x 19.0 and 24.2 x 19.1 mm. ; minima 20.1 x 17.1 and 22.0 x 16.8 mm.
There is nothing to record about their habits, display etc. which differs from those of the other species and subspecies of the genus.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 4. 1935.
Title in Book: 
2005. Turnix tanki tanki
Spp Author: 
Blyth.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
2005
Year: 
1935
Page No: 
287
Common name: 
Indian Larger Button Quail
M_ID: 
3865
M_SN: 
Turnix tanki tanki
Volume: 
Vol. 4
Term name: 
id: 
15194

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