1386. Turnix blanfordi.
The Burmese Button-Quail.
Turnix blanfordi, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxxii, p. 80 (1863) ; Blyth & Waid. Birds Burm. p. 151; Ogilvie Grant, Ibis, 1889, p. 466; id. Cat. B. M. xxii, p. 542. Turnix maculosa, apud G. R. Gray, Hand-l. B. ii, p. 270 ; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 452 ; Hume, Cat. no. 834 bis ; Hume & Marsh. Game B. xii, p. 183, pl.; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 196; Hume, ibid. p. 208; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 335; Hume, S. F. xi, p. 312.
This is but little more than a large race of T. tanki, hut, besides their greater size, adults are distinguished by being darker and by retaining a larger amount of black barring on the back; the sides of the crown, too, are darker. In immature birds the pale edgings to the dorsal feathers are conspicuous.
Upper mandible and tip of lower brown, remainder of bill, legs, feet, and claws yellow; irides white or yellowish white.
Length of female 7; tail 1.4; wing 4; tarsus 1.05; bill from gape .75. Males are smaller—length 6.5 ; tail 1.3 ; wing 3.6 ; tarsus .95.
Distribution. Throughout Burma, China, and the adjoining countries, but not, so far as is known, south of Tenasserim. To the north-west this species has been obtained in Assam, the Khasi hills, Hill Tipperah, and Chittagong.
Habits, &c. The present species, like its allies, is generally found in grass about clearings in forests, in gardens, &c. The eggs have not been obtained.
The last three species, T. tanki, T. albiventris, and T. blanfordi, are little more than races; but adults can be easily recognized, though younger birds are very much alike in plumage.