982. Andalucian Hemipode.
Turnix sylvatica (Desfont), Mem. de l'Acad. Roy. des Sc. Paris, 1787, p. 500, pl. xiii. ; Dresser, vii. p. 249, pl. 494 ; Ogilvie Grant, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxii. p. 537 ; Saunders, p. 506 ; T. andalusica (Gmel.), Syst. Nat. i. p. 766 (1788) ; T. africana, Bonn. Tabl. Encycl. Meth. i. p. 6 (1790) ; Gould, B. of Gt. Brit. iv. pl. 16 ; Hewitson, Ibis, 1859, pl. ii. figs. 4, 5 (eggs) ; Hemipodius tachydromus, Temm. Pig. and Gall. iii. p. 626 (1815) ; Gould, B. of E. iv. p. 264.
Toirao do mato, Portug. ; Torillo, Span. ; Quaglia tridattila, Ital. ; Semmana, Arab. ; Zerquil, Moor.
Male ad. (Spain). Head blackish brown marked with reddish brown, and with a central brownish buff streak ; cheeks, sides of head, and upper throat buffy white, barred with black, upper parts blackish brown trans¬versely marked with chestnut and black ; wing-coverts ochreous chestnut, blotched and spotted with black, and broadly marked with buffy white ; quills blackish brown externally edged with buffy white ; sides of throat, neck, and flanks buffy white, each feather with a large blackish brown crescentic mark ; middle of throat warm pale ferruginous, fading to buffy white towards the abdomen ; under tail-coverts warm ochreous ; bill dull fleshy becoming blackish at the tip ; legs light brown, the hind toe wanting ; iris light brown. Culmen 0.5, wing 3.3, tail 1.7, tarsus 1.0 inch. The female is larger, has the nape nearly uniform dull light red, and the under parts are richer coloured.
Hab. Portugal, Spain, has once occurred in Italy, but is fairly common in Sicily, and is said to be very rare in Southern France ; North Africa. Of very doubtful occurrence in Britain.
Frequents dense bush-covered localities, where it hides and is very difficult to flush, being as a rule very shy and wary. Its ordinary note is crroou, crroou, crroou, but in the early morning and late in the evening both sexes utter a deep mournful note like the distant bellowing of a bull. Throughout its range it appears to be resident. It feeds on seeds of various kinds, and insects. It is monogamous, and makes its nest, which is a scantily lined depression in the ground, under shelter of a bush in some dense thicket. Its eggs, which are deposited late in June or early in July, 4 to 6 in number, are greyish or buffy white rather closely marked with pale purplish grey shell spots and dark brown or purplish brown surface blotches, and measure about 1.0 by 0.78.
982. Turnix sylvatica
982. Andalucian Hemipode.