Turnix dussumierii, Tem.
835. :- T. syksii, A. Smith. :- Jerdon's Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 600 ; Butler, Guzerat ; Stray Feathers, Vol. IV, p. 9 ; Deccan, Stray Feathers, Vol. IX, p. 424 ; Murray's Vertebrate Zoology of Sind, p. 217 ; Game Birds of India, Vol. II, p. 193 ; Swinhoe and Barnes, Central India ; Ibis, 1885, p. 132.
THE SMALL BUTTON QUAIL.
Length, 5.2 to 5.7 ; expanse, 9.2 to 10.7 ; wing, 2.76 to 3.0 ; tail, 1.25 to 1.5 ; bill from gape, 0.5 to 0.56 ; tarsus, 0.7 to 0.75 ; weight, 1 1/16 oz. to 1 1/4 oz.
Bill from leaden-white to plumbeous ; irides light yellow to straw-white ; legs and feet pale fleshy-white.
Head brown, black barred, with a pale supercilium and central stripe ; upper parts chesnut-brown, each feather finely barred with black, and edged with yellowish-white, conspicuously on the scapulars and part of the back and on the wing-coverts so broadly as to appear entirely yellowish-white with chesnut, black-edged spots; quills dusky-brown ; rump and upper tail-coverts dark-brown, closely barred with black, and with faint whitish edges to the feathers ; throat whitish, with a few blackish specks on the sides ; breast pale ferruginous, with the sides of the neck and breast with dark-brown drops and lunules ; abdomen whitish.
The Lesser Button Quail is more or less common throughout our limits. It does not appear to ascend the hills to any great height.