83. Turnix pugnax.
THE INDIAN BUSTARD QUAIL.
Gulu, India; Durwa, Rutnagiri; Karehaki, Mysore; Timok (Lepcha); Ngon, Burma.
Male 5 1/2" to 6 1/3"; 1 1/2 to 2 oz. Female 6" to 6 1/2": 1 1/2 to 2 1/4 oz. Legs plumbeous.
Bill dark slaty. No rufous collar.— Male: Chin and throat white. Chest barred black and buff. Above rufous.— Female: Chin and throat black. Above rufous, mottled black, margined pale buff.
T. pugnax is figured by Hume (H. & M. ii. 169), and be also represents the Burmese form (T. plumbipes) as a separate species (H. & M. ii. 177). Ogilvie-Grant also describes this species as T. taigoor, and calls the Island Bustard Quail from Ceylon and Java T. pugnax (O.G. ii. 265-268). Blanford unites all these, the range being from Sind (see illustration), India, Ceylon, Burma, Malay Peninsula, and Java, to S. China. Three or four eggs (0.93 x 0.79), pale lilac, with brown specks and blotches. (J. 832. B. 1382. O. 9. O.G. ii. 265. H. & M. ii. 169.)
Also T. fasciata. The Philippine B.Q. Male 5.2", like T. pugnax. Female 6", but with well-defined rufous collar.
T. rufilatus. The Celebean B.Q. Male 5.6", like T. pugnax, but with chest barred black and white. female 6.6", with chin and throat white, barred black.
T. powelli. The Sumbawa B. Q. Like T. rufilatus, but the male has no rufous on belly, thighs, and under tail-coverts, and the female has them whitish.
B. Mid-breast not cross-barred black. Throat never black. Sexes similar. Mid-tail lengthened, pointed, and edged white or buff. Plumage above edged white or buff, giving the back a scaly appearance.
Mid-breast and belly spotless; sides spotted or barred black.