667. Merula simillima

667. Merula simillima.

The Nilgiri Blackbird.

Turdus simillimus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. x, p. 253 (1839). Merula simillima (Jerd.), Blyth, Cat. p. 162 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 401; Jerd. B. 1. i, p. 524 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 232 ; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 403; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 251; Hume, Cat. no. 360; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 88.

Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, and nape black ; the whole upper plumage and the outer webs of the feathers of the wings and tail dark ashy brown; the whole lower plumage, axillaries, and under wing-coverts dark brown, the feathers indistinctly edged paler.

Female. The whole upper plumage, including the forehead, crown, and nape, dark ashy brown ; the whole lower plumage, including the axillaries and under wing-coverts, brownish grey, some of the feathers of the abdomen with whitish shafts ; chin and throat streaked with dark brown.

Iris brown; bill reddish orange; orbital skin and eyelids yellow ; legs orange-yellow (Wardlaiv Ramsay).

Length about 10.5 ; tail 4.2 ; wing 5 to 6.2; tarsus 1.25; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. A resident on the higher portions of the Nilgiri hills, the Brahmagiris in Coorg, and the Palni hills.

Habits, &c. Frequents dense woods, occasionally entering gardens. Breeds from March to May, constructing a massive cup-shaped nest of ferns, grass, moss, and roots, more or less plastered together with mud, in a branch of a tree up to 20 feet from the ground. The eggs, usually four or five in number, are greenish marked with brownish red, and measure about 1.17 by .86.

BookTitle: 
The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
Reference: 
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
667. Merula simillima
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
CatNo: 
667
Year: 
1890
Page No: 
133
Common name: 
Nilgiri Black Bird
M_ID: 
27330
M_CN: 
Indian Blackbird
M_SN: 
Turdus simillimus
Volume: 
Vol. 2
Term name: 
id: 
915

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