667. Merula simillima

667. Merula simillima.

The Nilgiri Blackbird.

Turdus simillimus, Jerd. Madr. Journ. L. S. x, p. 253 (1839). Merula simillima (Jerd.), Blyth, Cat. p. 162 ; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 401; Jerd. B. 1. i, p. 524 ; Hume, N. & E. p. 232 ; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 403; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 251; Hume, Cat. no. 360; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 88.

Coloration. Male. Forehead, crown, and nape black ; the whole upper plumage and the outer webs of the feathers of the wings and tail dark ashy brown; the whole lower plumage, axillaries, and under wing-coverts dark brown, the feathers indistinctly edged paler.

Female. The whole upper plumage, including the forehead, crown, and nape, dark ashy brown ; the whole lower plumage, including the axillaries and under wing-coverts, brownish grey, some of the feathers of the abdomen with whitish shafts ; chin and throat streaked with dark brown.

Iris brown; bill reddish orange; orbital skin and eyelids yellow ; legs orange-yellow (Wardlaiv Ramsay).

Length about 10.5 ; tail 4.2 ; wing 5 to 6.2; tarsus 1.25; bill from gape 1.2.

Distribution. A resident on the higher portions of the Nilgiri hills, the Brahmagiris in Coorg, and the Palni hills.

Habits, &c. Frequents dense woods, occasionally entering gardens. Breeds from March to May, constructing a massive cup-shaped nest of ferns, grass, moss, and roots, more or less plastered together with mud, in a branch of a tree up to 20 feet from the ground. The eggs, usually four or five in number, are greenish marked with brownish red, and measure about 1.17 by .86.

The Fauna Of British India including Ceylon and Burma
OATES EW. The Fauna of British India, including Ceylon and Burma. Vol.2 1890.
Title in Book: 
667. Merula simillima
Book Author: 
Eugene William Oates, Edited by William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nilgiri Black Bird
Indian Blackbird
Turdus simillimus
Vol. 2
Term name: 

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