18. Pale Thrush.
Turdus pallidus, Gmel. Syst, Nat. i. p. 32 (1788) ; Gould B. of E. ii. pl. 80 ; David and Oust. Ois. Chine, p. 151 ; Tacz. F. O. Rib. O. p. 309 ; (Seebohm) Cat. B. Br. Mus. p. 274 ; T. daulias Temm. Pl. Col. No. 515 (1831) ; id. and Schleg. Faun. Jap. Aves. p. 62, pl. 26.
Male ad. (Japan). Upper parts warm russet brown, crown olivaceous ; outer tail feathers with a large white terminal patch ; no superciliary stripe ; lores very dark ; sides of head, throat, breast, and flanks slaty grey, the last tinged with brown ; middle of throat marked with white ; middle of abdomen and under tail-coverts white ; axillaries greyish white ; beak brown ; the lower mandible yellowish white ; legs pale brown ; iris brown. Culmen 1.0, wing 4.9, tail 3.6, tarsus 1.2 inch. In the female the whole middle of the throat is white, and the sides of head and throat paler and brownish-tinged. The young bird is duller in colour, and the wing-coverts are white spotted.
Hab. Eastern Siberia and Japan ; Mongolia, Manchuria, and Corea on passage, and winters in China ; has occurred as far west as Assam.
In habits this Thrush resembles its allies and frequents wooded localities. It is, however, said to be very shy and wary. Its song which is generally uttered from some tree-top is said to be sweet in tone. It has been found breeding near the mouth of the Ussuri river in E Siberia ; its nest which is placed on the branches of a tree is constructed of dry roots of Vaccinium, dry herbs, grass, moss, and pine-needles, and lined with fine grass-bents. The eggs 4 to 5 in number are usually deposited in June, and are pale bluish green rather finely spotted with reddish brown and vary from 29.2 by 19. 5 to 32 by 20 mm. (1.15 by 0.77 to 1.26 by 0.79 inch.)
18. Turdus pallidus
18. Pale Thrush.