697. Turdus iliacus.
Turdus iliacus, Linn. Syst, Nat. i, p. 292 (1766) ; Blyth, Cat. p. 161; Jerd. B. 1. i, p. 532; Hume, Cat. no. 369; Seebohm, Cat. B. M. v, p. 189.
The Redwing Thrush, Jerd.
Coloration. The whole upper plumage and tail olive-brown ; the wings dark brown, all the feathers edged with olive-brown, the greater coverts most conspicuously so; a broad pale buff supercilium from the bill to the nape; lores black; ear-coverts brown streaked with buff ; chin, throat, and breast pale buff streaked with blackish ; middle of the abdomen white; sides of the abdomen white streaked with brown; flanks, axillaries, and under wing-coverts chestnut; under tail-coverts white, basally margined with brown.
The summer plumage, resulting from the wear of the feathers at their margins, does not differ very much from the winter plumage.
Bill dark brown ; legs pale ; iris brown (Seebohm). Length about 8.5; tail 3.3; wing 4.6; tarsus 1.2; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. I have not been able to examine any specimen of Redwing procured in India, and I admit the species on the authority of Jerdon, who states that at the time he wrote it had been lately found in the N. W. Himalayas, but very rarely. " But at Kohat," he adds, " as I am assured by Mr. Blyth, according to a very good observer, the late Lieut. Trotter, it is a regular winter visitant in large flocks."
The Redwing has even a larger range than the Fieldfare, being found in the Northern parts of Europe and Asia in summer from the Atlantic to the Pacific, and wandering south in the winter as far as Turkestan and Persia on the east, and Southern Europe on the west.