458. Troglodytes troglodytes nipalensis

(458) Troglodytes troglodytes nipalensis Blyth.
THE NEPAL WREN.
Troglodytes troglodytes nipalensis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed. vol. i, p. 445.
This little race of our British Wren is found in Nepal and Sikkim to Bhutan. Garhwal seems to be the meeting place of this and the Kashmir neglectus, but two birds obtained by Whymper were undoubtedly nipalensis. On the other hand, Osmaston considered two specimens obtained by himself to be referable rather to neglectus.
Its breeding range is between 11,000 and 13,000 feet, elevations higher than those at which the Kashmir Wren breeds, though this is sometimes found at 10,000 feet. Stevens records it as resident from 9,000 to 12,000 feet in Sikkim and “numerous at this extreme limit in winter.” Stevens describes its haunts as “the rocky beds of mountain streams, fallen decaying trees in the Pine-forests ; equally at home amongst the snow in inhospitable depths of the forests or the precincts of the flimsy dwellings of the shepherds.” The only note of this Wren’s breeding is that by Whymper (Journ. Bomb. Nat. Hist. Soc. vol. xvii, p. 818, 1907):—“I take this to be the species, or rather race, of Wren inhabiting these parts as, although neither pale nor rufous, it is decidedly inclined to be dark and the hind toe and claw are large, measuring 6 of an inch. Two nests were found with eggs and one with three young birds, all in crevices of Birch-trees, from 20 to 30 feet up, a decidedly different situation to all the nests of the Kashmir Wren I have seen or heard of. The nests were large and domed, made of moss, grass and leaves and thickly lined with feathers. The eggs were white with a few red specks.”
Three sets of eggs, which I owe to Whymper’s kindness, in my collection are two each of five and one of six. Two of these are the nests he refers to above as taken in crevices in Birch-trees, and the third was one taken in a tumbledown “chappa” or shepherd’s hut, all at about 11,000 feet in the Dundar and Nila Valleys between the 6th and 26th June ; as, however, Whymper also found young in nests in early June we may accept late May and all June as the normal breeding season.
The eggs are a pure, rather chalky white with a few red specks at the larger end, in one or two eggs stippled faintly and sparsely over the whole surface, in one or two absent altogether.
Seventeen eggs average 17.4 x 12.7 mm. : maxima 18.0 x 13.1 mm. ; minima 16.4 x12.8 and 17.4 x 12.2 mm.
Compared with those of T. t. neglectus, the Kashmir bird, these eggs are a good deal bigger.

BookTitle: 
The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Reference: 
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 1. 1932.
Title in Book: 
458. Troglodytes troglodytes nipalensis
Spp Author: 
Blyth.blyth.
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
CatNo: 
458
Year: 
1932
Page No: 
418
Common name: 
Nepal Weren
M_ID: 
26123
M_SN: 
Troglodytes troglodytes nipalensis
Volume: 
Vol. 1
id: 
13638

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