351. Anorthura nepalensis.
The Nepal Wren.
Troglodytes nipalensis, Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 589 (1845); id. Cat. p. 158; Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 181 ; Jerd. B. I. i, p. 491; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 55; Hume, Cat. no. 333; Brooks, S. F. viii, p. 470. Anorthura nepalensis (Hodgs.), Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 277.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, nape, and upper back dark rufous-brown ; the remaining upper plumage, the tail, wing and its coverts the same, closely cross-barred with black ; lores, sides of the head, and a short supercilium mingled rufous-ashy and brown ; the whole lower plumage brown, greatly infuscated on the vent and sides of the body, every portion closely cross-barred with black, and with a tinge of fulvous suffusing the whole; the under tail-coverts with a few whitish dots.
The young resemble the adults, but at first have the upper plumage less barred.
Bill brown; legs horny brown; iris hazel-brown (Jerdon) ; legs pale reddish brown (Jerdon).
Length about 3.7; tail 1.3; wing 2.1; tarsus .7; bill from gape .7.
Distribution. I have examined specimens of this species from Sikhim and Nepal only. At Simla and in the Sutlej valley the next species occurs. The Nepal Wren is found at great elevations, Blanford stating that in Sikhim it was common above 10,000 feet.
Habits, &c. Blanford observed this species in Sikhim hunting over loose moss-covered stones, constantly entering the crevices between the blocks and emerging again at a considerable distance. He usually saw the birds in small families, three or four together, hunting on the ground and low bushes and with the same predilection for exploring hollows under stones. The nest of this species has not yet been found.