86. Trochalopterum melanostigma.
The Chestnut-headed Laughing-Thrush.
Garrulax melanostigma, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxiv, p. 268 (1855). Trochalopteron melanostigma (Blyth), Blyth, Birds Burm. p. 108; Wardlaw Ramsay, Ibis, 1877, p. 464; Hume & Dav. 8. F. vi, p. 291; Hume, Cat. no. 415 ter; Oates, B. B. i, p. 39: Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 364.
Coloration. Forehead, lores, chin, and cheeks black, the black of the lores extending slightly over the eye; a short supercilium, the ear-coverts and the sides of the nape silvery grey streaked with black; crown of the head bright chestnut, contracting to a point on the nape; back, rump, lesser wing-coverts, and the upper tail-coverts olive-brown, tinged with ochraceous on the back; greater wing-coverts olive-brown, tipped with ferruginous; primary-coverts black; the outer webs of the primaries and secondaries and almost the whole of the tertiaries olive-yellow; tail olive-yellow; throat and upper breast ferruginous, extending in a paler form to the breast and centre of the abdomen; sides of the abdomen, flanks, and under tail-coverts olive-grey.
Legs, feet, and claws very pale brown to reddish brown; bill black ; iris brown or hazel-nut brown (Hume Davison).
Length 10.5; tail 4.4; wing 4.1; tarsus 1.5; bill from gape 1.2.
Distribution. Karennee at 5000 feet; the pine forests of the Salween river; Muleyit mountain in Tenasserim from 3000 feet to the summit.
Habits, &c. According to Mr. Davison these birds keep in parties of six or eight, feeding chiefly on the ground and keeping much in the brushwood. They are neither very noisy nor very silent; they utter from time to time a fine whistling call. They appear to feed exclusively on insects.