96. Trochalopterum fairbanki.
The Palni Laughing-Thrush.
Trochalopterum fairbanki, Blanf. J. A. S. B. xxxvii, pt. ii, p. 175, pl. xvii a (1868); Jerd. Ibis, 1872, p. 306; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 413; Fairbank, S. F. v, p. 404; Hume, S. F. vii, p. 30; id. Cat. no. 423 bis; Sharpe, Cut. B. M. vii, p. 374; Davison, S. F. x, p. 879; Oates in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. i, p. 64.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, and nape black, or intensely dark brown ; a broad white supercilium extending to the nape; lores and a band behind the eye black; ear-coverts and sides of head grey; sides of neck ashy; upper plumage, wings, and tail olive-brown tinged with rusty, especially on the upper tail-coverts; chin, throat, and breast ashy, streaked with white; remainder of lower plumage bright rufous.
Iris dark red, red-brown (Fairbank).
Length about 8.5 ; tail 3.7 ; wing 3.5 ; tarsus 1.3 ; bill from gape .95.
Distribution. The Palni and Anamulli hills in South Travancore above 3000 feet.
Habits, &c. Breeds on the Palnis in May. A nest found in this month, at an elevation of 6500 feet, was placed in a crotch of a tree at about ten feet from the ground. The eggs are blue, marked in various ways with red and brown. One egg measured 1.0 by .8.