89. Trochalopterum affine.
The Black-faced Laughing-Thrush.
Garrulax affinis, Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xii, p. 950 (1843); id. Cat. p. 97. Pterocyclus affinis (Hodgs.), Horsf. & M. Cat. i, p. 207. Trochalopteron affine (Hodgs.), Jerd. B. I. ii, p. 45; Blanf. J. A. S. B. xli, pt. ii, p. 46 ; Hume, Cat. no. 419; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vii, p. 357.
Coloration. Forehead, crown, and nape dark brown tinged with rufous, paler on the forehead; lores and sides of head black ; cheeks and a large patch behind the ear-coverts white, extending to the sides of the neck where it becomes pale rufous ; hind neck rufous-brown, blending with the darker brown of the head; back and scapulars rufous-brown, each feather broadly terminated with pale grey; rump olive-brown; upper tail-coverts ferruginous; tail slaty blue, three quarters of all the outer webs and of the inner webs of the middle pair of feathers overlaid with bright golden yellow ; wing-coverts rufous ; primary-coverts black ; winglet and tertiaries slaty blue ; the outer webs of the primaries and secondaries bright golden yellow on the greater portion of their Length, slaty blue elsewhere ; chin black; throat rufous-brown ; breast paler rufous, each feather narrowly edged with grey ; remainder of lower plumage rufous-brown.
Bill black ; feet reddish brown ; iris brown (Jerdon); iris olive (Blanford).
Length about 10 ; tail 5.2 ; wing 4.1 ; tarsus 1.5 ; bill from gape 1.
Distribution. Nepal, Sikhim, and Bhutan at high elevations, being found from 8000 to 13,000 feet.
Habits. Blanford observes that this species is subalpine; it ranges much above all other forms. He found it in rhododendron scrub and on the skirts of the pine woods in Sikhim.