Totanus stagnatilis, Bechst. Orn. Taschenb, ii. p. 292 ; Naum. viii. p. 171, Taf. 202 ; Gould, B. of E. iv pl. 314 ; Dresser, viii. p. 151, pl. 566 ; David and Oust. p. 463 ; Seebohm, B. Jap. Emp. p. 322 ; Sharpe, Cat. B. Br. Mus. xxiv. p. 422 ; Tacz. F. O. Sib. O. p. 864 ; Blanf, F. Brit. Ind. Birds, v. p. 263.
Chevalier stagnatile, French ; Chorlito, Span. ; Albastrello, Ital. ; Teich- Wasserlaufer, German ; Prudovoi-Ulit, Russ. ; Chota-gotra, Hindu.
Male ad. (Hungary). Upper parts greyish brown tinged with buff, mottled and streaked, except on the wing-coverts, with black ; lower ack. rump, and upper tail-coverts white, the last spotted and barred with black ; middle tail-feathers greyish brown with darker bars, the rest chiefly white ; quills brown, the secondaries externally margined with white ; under parts white ; the cheeks, ear-coverts, and upper breast minutely dark spotted ; and the flanks irregularly barred ; bill dark brown, but greenish at the base below ; legs olivaceous ; iris dark brown. Culmen 1.7, wing 5.3, tail 2.5, tarsus 2.0 inch. Sexes alike. In winter the upper parts are brownish grey, somewhat marked with white, the wing-coverts darker under parts and axillaries pure white.
Hab. Central and Southern Europe, chiefly in the eastern portions ; a rare straggler to the north central parts of Europe, but has occurred in Heligoland ; Africa in winter, as far south as the Orange River ; Asia, east to Japan, north to Dauria ; in winter ranging to Manchuria, Burma, India, Ceylon, the Malay Archipelago, and Australia.
In general appearance and habits it is a miniature Green-shank. It frequents inland ponds, rivers, and marshes, and is as a rule not a shy bird, but sprightly and elegant in its movements. It usually breeds near, but occasionally at some distance from water, in grassy places, its nest resembling that of its congeners, and its eggs, 4 in number, are usually laid in June or July, and are ochreous buff, sometimes with a faint olivaceous tinge, with pale purplish brown shell-markings and rich dark brown surface spots and blotches, and measure about 1.49 by 1.11.
1087. Totanus stagnatilis