(2146) Tringa glareola.
Tringa glareola Linn., Syst. Nat., 10th ed.,i,p. 149(1758) (Sweden). Totanus glareola. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 261.
Vernacular names. Chupka. Chobaha, Tutwari (Hind.); Chinna ulanka (Tel.).
Description. - Breeding plumage. A narrow supercilium and round the eye white ; a streak through the eye brown; upper plumage very dark brown, the feathers of the crown and hind-neck streaked with white; elsewhere spotted with white on the edges of the feathers, narrowly edged at the tip with whitish and with the terminal portion almost black ; upper tail-coverts white, some of the longest sometimes streaked with brown; tail banded dark brown and white, the brown in excess on the central, the white on the outermost, feathers: primaries, primary coverts and greater coverts blackish ; outer , secondaries and their coverts lighter brown, with very fine edges of white soon lost by abrasion; sides of head and neck white, spotted and streaked with dark brown ; chin and throat immaculate white; breast and flanks white, profusely spotted and barred with brown ; remainder of lower parts white, the axillaries barred and the under tail-coverts streaked and barred with brown.
Colours of soft parts. Iris hazel to dark brown; bill blackish, the base paler horny-green; legs and feet pale sage-green or olive-green.
Measurements. Wing 117 to 125 mm.; tail 45 to 50 mm.; tarsus 36 to 41 mm.; culmen 26.5 to 30 mm. The sexes are alike in size.
In Non-breeding plumage the white spots and black markings are not so well-defined; the fore-neck and breast are a sullied pale brown, indistinctly streaked with darker.