267. Tricholestes criniger.
The Hairy-backed Bulbul.
Brachypodius (?) criniger, A. Hay, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 577 (1845). Setornis (?) criniger (A. Hay), Blyth, Cat. p. 212. Trichophorus minutus, Hartl. Journ.f. Orn. 1853, p. 156. Tricholestes criniger (Hay), Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 304 ; Tweedd. Ibis, 1877, p. 306; Hume, Cat. no. 451 sex ; Sharpe, Cat. B. M. vi, p. 89; Oates, B. B. i, p. 186.
Coloration. Forehead and crown olive-brown ; hind neck, back, and rump dull olive-green; wing-coverts browner ; quills brown, the tertiaries and the outer webs of the others rufescent; tail rufescent, the outer webs edged with greenish and the outer feathers tipped whitish; lores yellow; sides of the head yellow, the tips of the feathers dusky; chin and throat whitish; lower plumage yellow, the breast and sides of the body washed with ashy; under tail- and wing-coverts yellow.
Legs and feet pale bluish or pinkish brown or salmon-fleshy; claws pale plumbeous blue ; lower mandible and edge of the upper pale plumbeous ; ridge of culmen and tip of the upper mandible black ; rest of upper mandible dark plumbeous, sometimes horny-brown ; iris pale umber or snuffy brown to dark brown (Hume & Davison).
Length nearly 7 ; tail 3; wing 3.1; tarsus .6; bill from gape .8.
Distribution. The extreme south of Tenasserim. The range extends down the Malay peninsula to the islands of Sumatra, Java, and Borneo.
Habits, &c. This bird frequents brushwood in small parties, hunting the branches and leaves for insects, which appear to be its principal food. Davison remarks that this Bulbul is very tame and easily approached, but that its plumage is always in bad condition, rendering the preparation of a good specimen a matter of difficulty.