(1828) Crocopus phoenicopterus chlorogaster.
THE SOUTHERN GREEN PIGEON.
Vinago chlorogaster Blyth, J.A.S.B., xii, pt. l, p. 167 (1843) (Indian Peninsula). Crocopus chlorogaster. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 6.
Vernacular names. Narial (Hind.); Pacha gawa (Tel.); Pacha pora (Tam.).
Description. Differs,from the two preceding races in having the breast and abdomen unicoloured yellowish ; the forehead either shows no green at all or has merely a narrow line at the edge of the bill; there is no basal band of yellowish-green at the base of the tail, though Northern birds near the range of the Bengal Green Pigeon show traces of this.
Colours of soft parts and Measurements as in the other races.
Distribution. Ceylon and the whole of Southern India South of: the Bengal race. It extends West to Rajputana and Central Punjab; North-East it is found to Northern Orissa and the United Provinces and to South Behar. In Lucknow, United Provinces, this is the most common form but many birds are somewhat intermediate between the Southern and Bengal races.
Nidification. Similar to that of the other races, though Blewitt records finding nests lined with a little straw, leaves and feathers. The breeding-season is from the end of March to the middle of May, some birds laying as late as the middle of June. Thirty eggs average 31.6 x 24.7 mm.: maxima 34.1 X 25.3 mm.; minima 30.0 X 22.6 mm.
Habits. The same as those of the other races. They flight to feeding-grounds in Mysore in immense densely-packed flocks, Taylor recording eleven and seven birds falling to a right and left at the same flock.