1273. Osmotreron phayrei.
The Ashy-headed Green Pigeon.
Osmotreron phayrei, Blyth, J. A. S. B. xxxi, p. 344 (1862); Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 451 ; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. Ill; xiv, pt. 2, p. 83; Hume, S. F. iii, p. 162 ; Blyth & Wald. Birds Burm. p. 144; Inglis, S. F. v, p. 39; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 412; Hume, Cat. no. 776; Bingham, S. F. ix, p. 194 ; Oates, B. B. ii, p. 310; id. in Hume's N. & E. 2nd ed. ii, p. 376; Hume, S. F. XI, p. 291 ; Salvadori, Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) v, p. 619; id. Cat. B. M. xxi, p. 43.
Coloration. Male. Crown and nape ashy grey, forehead paler : sides of head, including the area above the eyes, and sharply defined against the grey crown, greenish yellow, as are the chin, throat, and sides of the neck; neck above green, also contrasting sharply with the grey nape; back, scapulars, and all the smaller wing-coverts chest¬nut; median and greater wing-coverts black, the first olive-green in parts, both broadly edged with bright yellow ; quills black, the tertiaries partly green, the secondaries narrowly, the tertiaries broadly edged with yellow outside, the primaries with a linear whitish edge; lower back, rump, and upper tail-coverts and middle tail-feathers yellowish green ; outer tail-feathers black with a broad ashy tip, and with more or less green towards the middle pair; lower parts greenish olive, the upper breast strongly tinged with orange; feathers of lower flanks dark green with broad buff tips, lower tail-coverts cinnamon ; wing-lining ashy grey, generally more or less smeared with green.
Female. No chestnut on the mantle, which is green throughout, nor orange on the breast; lower tail-cover!s chiefly huffy white, with more or less green about the base and along the shaft.
Legs lake-red; irides blue with an outer circle of pink, orbital skin plumbeous ; bill bluish, the base darker (Oates).
Length about 11; tail 3.6 ; wing 6.1; tarsus .85 ; bill from gape .85. Females are a little smaller.
Distribution. Rare in Lower Bengal, found thence throughout Eastern Bengal, Assam, Cachar, Manipur, and Burma as far south as Tavoy in Tenasserim, but not farther. To the eastward this species is found in Cochin China.
Habits, &c. In Burma this pigeon is found chiefly in the denser forests of the hill-tracts, but it does not ascend the higher ranges. It breeds about March.