(1839) Butreron capellei.
THE LARGE THICK-BILLED GREEN PIGEON.
Columba capellei Temm., Pl. Col., pl. 143 (1823) (Java). Butreron capellei. Blanf. & Oates, iv, p. 13.
Vernacular names. None recorded.
Description.— Male. Whole upper plumage an olive grey-green, the forehead paler and more grey and the back of the neck more yellowish; upper tail-coverts greenish-yellow grading into the still more yellow central tail-feathers, which have brown shafts; outermost feathers dark slate-grey with broad pale grey tips, intermediate feathers grading from one to the other; lesser and median wing-coverts like the back; greater coverts and quills dark slate-grey, the inner coverts narrowly margined bright yellow; inner secondaries paler than the outer, the innermost becoming green like the back, broadly edged with bright yellow ; throat and fore-neck pale greenish-yellow; breast bright deep orange, the sides washed with chestnut, remainder of lower plumage oil-green, the feathers of the thigh and vent buff ; under tail-coverts deep chestnut-maroon, the shortest buff; under surface of wing dove-grey, the coverts more or less mixed with green ; axillaries and flanks greenish-grey.
Colours of soft parts. Iris golden-yellow to deep reddish-brown ; bill pale whitish-green, cere and gape green ; legs, feet, eyelids and orbital skin yellow.
Measurements. Total length about 400 to 420 mm.; wing 194 to 208 mm.; tail 127 to 146 mm.; tarsus 20 to 23 mm.; culmen 21*5 to 24 mm. Weight according to Davison 17 to 18 oz.
Female has the orange of the breast replaced by golden yellowish-green ; the posterior flanks and thighs are darker and more mixed with buff; under tail-coverts buff with dull greenish-brown centres and bases.
The soft parts are all paler in colour and the weight is only about 13 oz.
Distribution. Malay Peninsula, once in Elphinstone Island off the Mergui coast, where it was obtained by Dr. Anderson. Birds from Sumatra, Borneo, Java and other islands have all now been separated under subspecific names.
Nidification. Nothing recorded.
Habits. So far as recorded similar to those of other Green Pigeons.