1282. Sphenocercus apicicauda

1282. Sphenocercus apicicauda.

The Pin-tailed Green Pigeon.

Treron apicauda, Hodgs., Blyth, J. A. S. B. xiv, p. 854 (1845). Sphenocercus apicaudus, Blyth, Cat. p. 230; Jerdon, B. I. iii, p. 454; Godw.-Aust. J. A. S. B. xxxix, pt. 2, p. 111; Wald. In Blyth's Birds Burm. p. 144; Hume & Dav. S. F. vi, p. 415 ; Hume, Cat. no. 779 ; S. F. xi, p. 292; Stuart Baker, Ibis, 1896, p. 356. Sphenocercus apicicauda, Oates, B. B. ii, p. 305; Salvad. Ann. Mus. Civ. Gen. (2) vii, p. 424; id. Cat. B. M. xxi, p. 5.

Sang-pong, Lepcha.

Coloration. Male. General colour green, tinged with yellow on crown and sides of head, rump, and upper tail-coverts and under -parts; hind neck greyish; upper breast tinged with orange and slightly washed with pink ; lower flank-feathers with buffy-white edges ; under tail-coverts cinnamon, with more or less buffy white on the outer webs ; primaries and secondaries blackish grey, with very narrow yellow outer edges ; tertiaries green like the coverts ; both tertiaries and greater coverts more broadly bordered with yellow outside; whole wing inside dove-grey; tail-feathers grey, extreme base of all and tips of middle pair green; outer feathers with a broad black band across the basal half.

Female. The orange tinge on the breast is wanting; there is generally much more buff on the edges of the under tail-coverts and some green about the shafts.

Bill dull smalt-blue; irides with an inner ring of pale bright blue and an outer ring of buffy pink; orbital skin blue; legs, feet, and claws crimson-pink (Davison).

Length of male about 16.5 ; tail 8.5; wing 6.5; tarsus .85; bill from gape 1, Females have a shorter tail: length 14.5; tail 7.

Distribution. The Himalayas, below 5000 or 6000 feet, as far west as Kuraaun, the Assam and Manipur hills, and those of Northern Teuasserim from Karennee to Mooleyit.

Habits, &c The nest, according to Mr. C. Stuart Baker, is a small stick platform on a sapling or a bush, and contains normally two eggs, measuring on an average 1.30 by .96. This bird is only known to occur in hill-forests ; it keeps in flocks and feeds on fruit, generally amongst high trees. The call-note is a melodious whistle similar to that of the next species, but less musical. This Green Pigeon breeds in Cachar throughout April, May, and June.

The Fauna Of British India, Including Ceylon And Burma-birds
Blanford, William Thomas, ed. The Fauna of British India: Including Ceylon and Burma. Vol. 4. 1898.
Title in Book: 
1282. Sphenocercus apicicauda
Book Author: 
William Thomas Blanford
Page No: 
Common name: 
Pin Tailed Green Pigeon
Pin-tailed Green Pigeon
Treron apicauda
Vol. 4
Term name: 

Add new comment

This question is for testing whether or not you are a human visitor and to prevent automated spam submissions.
Enter the characters shown in the image.
Scratchpads developed and conceived by (alphabetical): Ed Baker, Katherine Bouton Alice Heaton Dimitris Koureas, Laurence Livermore, Dave Roberts, Simon Rycroft, Ben Scott, Vince Smith