1559. Sauropatis chloris occipitalis

(1559) Sauropatis Chloris occipitalis (Blyth).
Sauropatis Chloris occipitalis, Fauna B. I., Birds, 2nd ed., vol. iv. p. 277.
This race of White-collared Kingfishers is confined to the Nicobars.
Davison records the nidification and habits of this bird as follows :—“I found the Nicobar Kingfisher commencing to breed about the latter end of February, but the only egg I obtained was taken from the oviduct of a female which I shot on the 24th of February just as it was entering its nest. I found three nests on the island of Camorta, and all of them were excavated in deserted ants’ nests. These ants’ nests are generally placed against the trunks of very large trees, but occasionally against those of Cocoa¬nut-palms, at heights of from 4 to 20 feet from the ground, and vary from 12 to 30 inches in diameter ; being composed, as I believe, of some sort of clay, they are extremely hard and difficult to break. I had to dig out the nests with a large clasp-knife. It is in the larger nests the Kingfishers’ nests are excavated. The tunnel, about 2 or 2.1/2 inches in diameter, is in the centre of the ants’ nests, and goes in for about six inches, where it terminates in a chamber about 7 inches in diameter. I saw the bird fly out of two of the nests.”
De Roepstorff took two eggs from a similar nest on the 13th March which the birds had cut in a white-ants’ nest in a mangrove-swamp. The bird was caught on the nest.
Osmaston also took two eggs from a similar ants’ nest on the 28th April in Car Nicobar. These two eggs measure 30.0 x 24.3 and 2.0 x 24.0 mm.
I have also five other eggs purchased from a small American collection and dated 17. iii. 03 which agree with the above.

The Nidification Of Birds Of The Indian Empire
Baker, Edward Charles Stuart. The nidification of birds of the Indian Empire. Vol. 3. 1934.
Title in Book: 
1559. Sauropatis chloris occipitalis
Spp Author: 
Book Author: 
Edward Charles Stuart Baker
Page No: 
Common name: 
Nicobar White Collared Kingfisher
Todiramphus chloris occipitalis
Vol. 3

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